The Philistines

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The Philistines
Gorky 1902 MHT.jpg
Gorky at the Moscow Art Theatre with the cast, 1902
Written by Maxim Gorky
Date premiered26 March 1902 (1902-03-26)
Place premiered Moscow Art Theatre
Original language Russian
Genre Realistic drama
SettingBessemenov's house in Moscow, early 1900s

The Philistines (Russian : Мещане, romanized: Meshchane) is the debut play by Maxim Gorky written in 1901. It was first published by Znaniye in 1902, subtitled: "The Scenes in the House of Bessemenov. The Drama sketch in 4 Acts". [1]

The play premiered on 26 March 1902 at the Moscow Art Theatre, directed by Konstantin Stanislavski and Vasily Luzhsky, the latter taking the leading part of Bessemenov. The production enjoyed astounding success, even though every phrase considered 'too risky' had been cut out by the censors. [1]

In the course of its first year 60 thousand copies of The Philistines were sold. In 1903 it was awarded the Griboyedov Prize. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Commentaries to The Philistines. Commentaries. The Works by M. Gorky in 30 volumes. Khudozhestvennaya Literatura. 1949-1956