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Theaterlexikon der Schweiz (TLS) / Dictionnaire du théâtre en Suisse (DTS) / Dizionario Teatrale Svizzero (DTS) / Lexicon da teater svizzer (LTS) is an encyclopedia about theatre in Switzerland published originally in 2005 in 3 volumes. It was developed from 1997 to 2005 by the Institute of Theatre Studies of the University of Berne.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music, and dance. Elements of art, such as painted scenery and stagecraft such as lighting are used to enhance the physicality, presence and immediacy of the experience. The specific place of the performance is also named by the word "theatre" as derived from the Ancient Greek θέατρον, itself from θεάομαι.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.
Its 3600 entries include 3000 biographies and articles about venues, groups, organizations, events and general topics.
Articles are available in the four official languages of Switzerland : German (70%), French (20%), Italian (6%) or Romansh (2%). The* Romansh language articles have also been translated in German.
Romansh is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (Graubünden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian. It is used as the medium of instruction in schools in Romansh-speaking areas. Romansh has also been recognized as a national language of Switzerland since 1938, and as an official language in correspondence with Romansh-speaking citizens since 1996, along with German, French and Italian. It is sometimes grouped by linguists with Ladin and Friulian as a Rhaeto-Romance language, though this is disputed.
The text (without illustrations) was published online in 2012 in the form of a wiki website.
Achim Benning is a German actor and director.
Niklaus Aeschbacher was a Swiss composer and conductor.
Václav Kašlík was a Czech composer, opera director and conductor, known for his operas, both on the stage and on television.
Jean-François Balmer is a Swiss actor. He has worked extensively in French cinema, television and stage productions since the early 1970s.
Flavio Maspoli was a Swiss politician and a co-founder of the Lega dei Ticinesi. He was a member of the Swiss National Council (1991–2003).
Bern Theatre, known in the city as Stadttheater Bern, is an opera house and theatre in Bern, Switzerland. It opened in 1903 with Richard Wagner`s opera Tannhäuser.
Huldreich Georg Früh was a Swiss composer.
Rachel Yakar is a French soprano.
Roger Jendly is a Swiss actor. He has appeared in 65 films and television shows since 1972. He starred in the film C'est pas tout à fait la vie dont j'avais rêvé, which was screened out of competition at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival.
Norman Mittelmann is a Canadian operatic baritone. In 1959 he won the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions. He has sung leading roles with the Bavarian State Opera, the Berlin State Opera, the Canadian Opera Company, the Deutsche Oper am Rhein, the Lyric Opera of Chicago, the Metropolitan Opera, the San Francisco Opera, the Vienna State Opera, and the Zurich Opera among other major opera companies.
Romano Calò was an Italian film actor. He appeared in 30 films between 1913 and 1945.
Hilde Ziegler (1939–1999) was a German film and television actress.
Victor Snell (1874–1931) was a Swiss journalist.
Jack Rollan (1923–2007) was a Swiss journalist. He published, among others, books of Léon Savary.
Foofwa d’Imobilité is a Swiss dancer and choreographer. He lives and works in Geneva, Switzerland, and Brooklyn, New York.
Pascal Bongard is a Swiss film actor. He has appeared in more than forty films since 1984.
Donat Cadruvi was a Swiss lawyer, politician and Romansh-language writer. He was a member of the Swiss National Council (1963–1971), mayor of Ilanz (1975–1978), member of the government of Graubünden (1979–1988).
Sylvia Gähwiller was a Swiss operatic soprano and a voice teacher. She was most successful as a concert and recital singer, who included contemporary composers.
Werner Düggelin is a Swiss theatre director.
Gerhard Klingenberg, real name Gerhard Schwabenitzky is an Austrian actor, theatre director and theater manager.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
The Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN) is a serially-based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification.
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