Theobald I, Count of Bar

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Theobald I, Count of Bar
Bornc.1158
Died(1214-02-13)13 February 1214
Noble family House of Montbéliard
Spouse(s)Laurette of Loon (de Looz)
Ermesinde of Bar-sur-Seine
Ermesinde of Luxembourg
Father Reginald II of Bar
MotherAgnès of Champagne

Theobald I (French: Thibaut or Thibauld de Bar) (born c.1158 – died 13 February 1214) was the count of Bar from 1190 until his death, and a count of Luxemburg from 1197 until his death. [1] He was the son of Reginald II of Bar and his wife Agnès de Champagne. [2] He became count when his brother, Henry, was killed in the Siege of Acre. [3]

Henry I of Bar was Count of Bar, lord of Mousson and Amance from 1170 to 1190. He was the son of Renaut II of Bar and Agnes of Champagne.

Siege of Acre (1189–1191) siege in 1189-1191

The Siege of Acre was the first significant counterattack by King Guy of Jerusalem to the losses the kingdom experienced to Saladin, leader of the Muslims in Syria and Egypt and formed part of what later became known as the Third Crusade. The siege lasted from August 1189 until July 1191, in which time the city's coastal position meant the attacking Latin force were unable to fully invest the city and Saladin was unable to fully relieve it with both sides receiving supplies and resources by sea. Finally, it was a key victory for the Crusaders and a serious setback for Saladin's ambition to destroy the Crusader States.

Contents

After his third marriage, he sought to reclaim his wife's lands of Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche with the approval of Philip of Swabia. [4] Theobold therefore besieged the castle at Namur, whereupon a conference was held in which Philip of Namur and his brother Baldwin renounced the disputed territories of Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche. [4] The Treaty of Dinant signed 6 July 1199 at Saint Medard, later made it official. [4]

Duchy of Luxemburg country in Western Europe during Late Middle Ages-Early Modern Ages

The Duchy of Luxemburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, the ancestral homeland of the noble House of Luxembourg. The House of Luxembourg, now Duke of Limburg, became one of the most important political forces in the 14th century, competing against the House of Habsburg for supremacy in Central Europe. They would be the heirs to the Přemyslid dynasty in the Kingdom of Bohemia, succeeding the Kingdom of Hungary and contributing four Holy Roman Emperors until their own line of male heirs came to an end and the House of Habsburg got the pieces that the two Houses had originally agreed upon in the Treaty of Brünn in 1364.

Durbuy Municipality in French Community, Belgium

Durbuy is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg. The total area is 156.61 km², consisting of the following sub-municipalities: Durbuy proper, Barvaux, Bende, Bomal, Borlon, Grandhan, Heyd, Izier, Septon, Tohogne, Villers-Sainte-Gertrude, and Wéris. On 1 January 2018 the municipality had 11,374 inhabitants with the most populous town of the municipality being Barvaux not Durbuy itself which is known in Belgium as the nation's smallest city.

La Roche-en-Ardenne Municipality in French Community, Belgium

La Roche-en-Ardenne is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg and the arrondissement of Marche-en-Famenne. Lying beside a bend in the River Ourthe, the small town of La Roche-en-Ardenne is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Ardennes.

During the Albigensian crusade, Theobald led an army to reinforce Simon de Montfort at the siege of Toulouse in June 1211. [1]

Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester leader of the Albigensian Crusade

Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, known as Simon IVde Montfort and as Simon de Montfort the Elder, was a French nobleman and soldier who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He died at the Siege of Toulouse in 1218. He was lord of Montfort-l'Amaury in France and Earl of Leicester in England.

After his death in 1214, his eldest son Henry II, from his second marriage; succeeded him as count. His eldest daughter Agnes, from his first marriage, married Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine. His lands in Luxembourg reverted to Waleran III of Limburg, who married Theobald's widow Ermesinde of Namur. [5] Theobald was buried at St. Mihiel.

Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine French duke

Frederick II was the duke of Lorraine from 7 April 1206 to his death, son of Frederick I and Ludmilla, daughter of Mieszko III the Old, monarch of Poland from the Piast Dynasty.

Ermesinde, Countess of Luxembourg Countess suo jure of Luxembourg

Ermesinde I, reigned as Countess of Luxembourg from 1197 until her death in 1247.

Marriage

Theobald I was married three times; in 1176 he married Laurette of Loon (de Looz), daughter of Louis I, Count of Loon and Agnes of Metz; They had one daughter. Secondly, he married Ermensinde de Bar-sur-Seine, daughter of Guy II of Brienne and Petronille de Chacenay, circa 1189; [6] They had one son and two daughters. Theobald and Ermensinde divorced circa 1195. [6] He then, married Ermensinde of Luxembourg, daughter of Henry Coecus "the Blind" of Luxembourg and Agnes of Gueldres, in 1197; They had two sons and three daughters.

County of Loon countship

The County of Loon was a county in the ancien regime Holy Roman Empire, which corresponded approximately with the modern boundaries of the Belgian province of Limburg. It was named after the original seat of its count, Loon, which is today called Borgloon, but during the middle ages the counts moved their court to a more central position in Kuringen, which is today a part of Hasselt, the modern capital of the area.

Louis I, Count of Loon Count of Loon

Louis I, Count of Loon (Looz) was the Count of Loon, which he inherited from his father. He ruled from approximately 1139 until his death.

Issue

Children from his marriage to Laurette of Loon (de Looz):

Children from his marriage to Ermesinde (Isabella) of Bar-sur-Seine:

Children from his marriage to Ermesinde (Ermesinda) of Luxembourg: [8]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Pegg 2008, p. 114.
  2. Fassler 2010, p. 457 note6.
  3. Ambroise 2003, p. 74 note 227.
  4. 1 2 3 Gade 1951, p. 74-75.
  5. Gade 1951, p. 76.
  6. 1 2 3 Evergates 1999, p. 99-100.
  7. Evergates 2007, p. 223.
  8. Péporté 2011, p. 109-110.

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References


Theobald I, Count of Bar
Born: 1158 Died: 13 February 1214
Preceded by
Otto
Count of Luxemburg with Ermesinde
1197-1214
Succeeded by
Ermesinde and Waleran