Theodor Philipsen

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Theodor Philipsen (before 1880) Theodor Philipsen by T. Hammerom.jpg
Theodor Philipsen (before 1880)

Theodor Esbern Philipsen (10 June 1840, Copenhagen - 3 March 1920, Copenhagen) was a Danish painter of Jewish ancestry; known for landscapes and animal portraits. He also did small figures in wax and clay.

Copenhagen Capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.



He was born to a cultured merchant family and learned to draw at an early age. [1] At first, however, he was primarily interested in animals, so he went to study agriculture at his uncle's estate near Slangerup. In the 1860s, one of his brothers introduced him to the painter, Hans Smidth, which made him decide to become an artist. He began his studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts with Carl Bøgh  (da ) and later came under the influence of Frederik Vermehren. [1]

Slangerup Place in Capital, Denmark

Slangerup is a town in Frederikssund municipality, about 30 km north-west of central Copenhagen, in the Capital Region of Denmark.

Hans Smidth painter

Hans Ludvig Smidth was a Danish painter. He is remembered above all for his paintings of Jutland and its local inhabitants.

Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts art school in Denmark

The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided education in the arts for more than 250 years, playing its part in the development of the art of Denmark.

He was also familiar with the animal portraits of Johan Thomas Lundbye and the 17th-century painter Paulus Potter. [2] In 1873, he was awarded the Neuhausenske Prize  (da ) for his painting of horses swimming. In the 1880s, he began painting en plein aire and began to show some elements of Impressionism.

Johan Thomas Lundbye Danish artist

Johan Thomas Lundbye was a promising young Danish painter and graphic artist, known for his animal and landscape paintings who died at the age of 29. He was artistically inspired by Niels Laurits Høyen's call to develop a Danish nationalistic art by exploring as motif the characteristic landscapes, the historical buildings and monuments, and the simple, rural people of Denmark. He became one of his generation’s national romantic painters, along with P. C. Skovgaard and Lorenz Frølich, to regularly depict the landscape of Zealand.

Paulus Potter Dutch painter

Paulus Potter was a Dutch painter who specialized in animals within landscapes, usually with a low vantage point.

Impressionism 19th-century art movement

Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities, ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s.

At the age of thirty-five, concerned that his images were not realistic enough, he went to Paris to study with Léon Bonnat. [1] There, he practiced intensive croquis drawing; to capture the basics of position and movement. He also obtained knowledge of the radical trends in French art through his friend, Rémy Cogghe, with whom he spent some time in Spain and Italy. [2] This all came together in a distinctive style. His favorite places for painting were Saltholm and Amager. [1]

Léon Bonnat French painter

Léon Joseph Florentin Bonnat was a French painter, Grand Officer of the Légion d'honneur and professor at the Ecole des Beaux Arts.


Croquis drawing is quick and sketchy drawing of a live model. Croquis drawings are usually made in a few minutes, after which the model changes pose or leaves and another croquis is drawn.

Rémy Cogghe Belgian painter

Rémy Cogghe, originally spelled Rémi Coghe was a Belgian-born painter, residing in France.

In the winter of 1884-1885, Paul Gauguin made a visit to Copenhagen. Philipsen approached him for some advice and was shown how to use small brushes with quick, firm strokes. [2] They remained friends for life.

Paul Gauguin French artist

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin was a French post-Impressionist artist. Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and Synthetist style that were distinctly different from Impressionism. Toward the end of his life, he spent ten years in French Polynesia, and most of his paintings from this time depict people or landscapes from that region.

In 1890, he received the Eckersberg Medal. Around 1905, he began to suffer from an eye disease that interfered with his ability to paint. [2] In 1915, he was awarded the Thorvaldsen Medal. He is generally credited with establishing Impressionism as an important aspect of Danish painting.

The Eckersberg Medal is an annual award of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. It is named after Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, known as the father of Danish painting.

Thorvaldsen Medal Awarded for contribution to the visual arts

The Thorvaldsen Medal is awarded annually with few exceptions to a varying number of recipients by the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and is its highest distinction within the visual arts. It is named after the sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen.

Selected paintings

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  1. 1 2 3 4 Biographical notes @ Kunstindeks Danmark.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Brief biography @ Den Store Danske.

Further reading