Thomé H. Fang
Thomé H. Fang
|Born||February 9, 1899|
|Died||July 13, 1977 78)(aged|
Thomé H. Fang (Chinese :方東美; pinyin :Fāng Dōngměi) was a Chinese philosopher.
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han dynasty and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.
Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.
From 1925 to 1948, Thomé H. Fang taught at several universities in China, mostly at the National Central University (later renamed Nanjing University and reinstated in Taiwan), in Nanking and Chungking. Then he taught at National Taiwan University.
National Central University was founded in 1915 with roots from 258 CE in mainland China. Founded in Nanjing in 1915, NCU was the leading academic center in southeast China; the phrase “North the Peking University, South the Central University” at that time revealed the significance of NCU. NCU was renamed Nanjing University in 1949, and the former campus has been used by Nanjing Institute of Technology, which was later renamed Southeast University since Nanjing University relocated in 1952. NCU was re-established in Taiwan in 1962. The school was initially located in Miaoli but relocated to Zhongli in 1968 and developed into a comprehensive university. It has become Taiwan's leading school in drama, film studies, cultural studies, and gender studies, Hakka studies, geophysics, space science, remote sensing, astronomy, optoelectronics, nanotechnology, and business management as well as the first university in Taiwan to research industrial economics and economic development. NCU is a member of AACSB. In 2001, NCU was selected by the Ministry of Education as one of the eleven research-oriented universities in Taiwan.
Nanjing University, known as Nanda, is a major public university, the oldest institution of higher learning in Nanjing, Jiangsu, and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.7 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).
Thomé H. Fang was the 16th generation descendant of Fang Bao, a Qing dynasty scholar and a relative of his contemporary Fang Chih, a Chinese diplomat.
Fang Bao, courtesy names Fengjiu (鳳九), Linggao (靈皋), and Wangxi (望溪), was a Chinese nobleman, courtier, orator, philosopher, poet, scholar, author and government official in the service of the Qing dynasty. He is best known as an icon of the Tongcheng school of literary prose which was influential during the mid-Qing dynasty.
Fang Chih or Fang Zhi, courtesy name: Xikong (希孔), was a politician, provincial governor, diplomat, author and a high-ranking Kuomintang official of the Republic of China.
Professor Charles A. Moore considered him the "greatest philosopher of China."
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Thomé H. Fang was born on 9 February 1899(according to the Lunar Calendar) of a family in Tong Cheng, An-hui, China, that has produced scholars, thinkers, and men of letters in Chinese classics, including several Royal Tutors at the Imperial Palace during the Ming and Qing Dynasties (such as Fang Gongcheng, Fang Guanchen, etc.), (Thomé H. Fang—whose official name was Fang Xun. personal name: Dong-mei, meaning thereby “Eastern Beauty”—is the sixteenth generation descendant of Fang Bao (1668-1749), founder of the famous Tong Cheng Movement in the history of Chinese literature.
Also taught in Beijing
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