Thomé H. Fang

Last updated
Thomé H. Fang
Fang Dong Mei Xian Sheng .jpg
Thomé H. Fang
Born(1899-02-09)February 9, 1899
DiedJuly 13, 1977(1977-07-13) (aged 78)
OccupationChinese philosopher

Thomé H. Fang (Chinese :方東美; pinyin :Fāng Dōngměi, 1899–1977) was a Chinese philosopher. He was described by Charles A. Moore as the "greatest philosopher of China" [1] and by Vincent Shen as "one of the most creative contemporary Chinese philosophers." [2]

Contents

Biography

Thomé H. Fang was born on 9 February 1899 (according to the Lunar Calendar) of a family in Tong Cheng, An-hui, China, that was known for producing prominent scholars, thinkers, and men of letters in Chinese classics, including several Royal Tutors at the Imperial Palace during the Ming and Qing Dynasties (such as Fang Gongcheng, Fang Guancheng, etc.). Thomé H. Fang was the 16th generation descendant of Fang Bao, a Qing dynasty scholar and one of the founders of the Tongcheng School, and a relative of his contemporary Fang Chih, a Chinese diplomat. [1] He was taught the Chinese classics while he was young, and later studied at Jinlin University in Nanjing, where he took courses from John Dewey on ancient Western philosophy. He attended the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and completed an MA in philosophy and pursued a doctorate comparing British and American realism. [2]

From 1925 to 1948, Thomé H. Fang taught at several universities in China, mostly at the National Central University (later renamed Nanjing University and reinstated in Taiwan), in Nanking and Chungking. Then he taught at National Taiwan University. [1]

Works

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Confucianism</span> Chinese ethical and philosophical system

Confucianism, also known as Ruism or Ru classicism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China, and is variously described as a tradition, philosophy, religion, theory of government, or way of life. Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). Confucius considered himself a transmitter of cultural values inherited from the Xia (c. 2070–1600 BCE), Shang (c. 1600–1046 BCE) and Western Zhou dynasties (c. 1046–771 BCE). Confucianism was suppressed during the Legalist and autocratic Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), but survived. During the Han dynasty, Confucian approaches edged out the "proto-Taoist" Huang–Lao as the official ideology, while the emperors mixed both with the realist techniques of Legalism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mencius</span> Chinese Confucian philosopher (372–289 BC)

Mencius ; born Meng Ke ; or Mengzi was a Chinese Confucian philosopher who has often been described as the "second Sage" (亞聖), that is, second to Confucius himself. He is part of Confucius' fourth generation of disciples. Mencius inherited Confucius' ideology and developed it further. Living during the Warring States period, he is said to have spent much of his life travelling around the states offering counsel to different rulers. Conversations with these rulers form the basis of the Mencius, which would later be canonised as a Confucian classic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Confucianism</span> 20th–21st century Confucianist revival movement

New Confucianism is an intellectual movement of Confucianism that began in the early 20th century in Republican China, and further developed in post-Mao era contemporary China. It primarily developed during the May Fourth Movement. It is deeply influenced by, but not identical with, the neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming dynasties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wang Yangming</span> Chinese philosopher and general (1472–1529)

Wang Shouren, courtesy name Bo'an, art name Yangmingzi, usually referred to as Wang Yangming, was a Chinese calligrapher, general, philosopher, politician, and writer during the Ming dynasty. After Zhu Xi, he is commonly regarded as the most important Neo-Confucian thinker, for his interpretations of Confucianism that denied the rationalist dualism of the orthodox philosophy of Zhu Xi. Wang and Lu Xiangshan are regarded as the founders as the Lu–Wang school, or the School of the Mind.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zengzi</span> Chinese philosopher and disciple of Confucius (505–435 BC)

Zeng Shen, better known as Zengzi, courtesy name Ziyu, was a Chinese philosopher and disciple of Confucius. He later taught Zisi, the grandson of Confucius, who was in turn the teacher of Mencius, thus beginning a line of transmitters of orthodox Confucian traditions. He is revered as one of the Four Sages of Confucianism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yusuf Ma Dexin</span> Chinese Islamic scholar

Yusuf Ma Dexin was a Hui Chinese Hanafi-Maturidi scholar from Yunnan, known for his fluency and proficiency in both Arabic and Persian, and for his knowledge of Islam. He also went by the Chinese name Ma Fuchu. He used the Arabic name Abd al-Qayyum Ruh al-Din Yusuf. He was also styled as "Mawlana al-Hajj Yusuf Ruh al-Din Ma Fujuh".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">David Shepherd Nivison</span> American sinologist and historian (1923–2014)

David Shepherd Nivison was an American sinologist known for his publications on late imperial and ancient Chinese history, philology, and philosophy, and his 40 years as a professor at Stanford University. Nivison is known for his use of archaeoastronomy to accurately determine the date of the founding of the Zhou dynasty as 1045 BC instead of the traditional date of 1122 BC.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yu Ying-shih</span> Chinese-born American sinologist and historian (1930–2021)

Yu Ying-shih was a Chinese-born American historian, sinologist, and the Gordon Wu '58 Professor of Chinese Studies, Emeritus, at Princeton University. He was known for his mastery of sources for Chinese history and philosophy, his ability to synthesize them on a wide range of topics, and for his advocacy for a new Confucianism. He was a tenured professor at Harvard University and Yale University before his time at Princeton.

<i>Bull Fighting</i> (TV series) 2007 Taiwanese television series

Bull Fighting is a 2007 Taiwanese drama starring Mike He, Hebe Tien, and Lee Wei. The series was broadcast on free-to-air Taiwan Television (TTV) (台視) from 18 November 2007 to 9 March 2008, on Sunday at 22:00 and cable TV Sanlih E-Television (SET) (三立電視) from 24 November 2007 to 15 March 2008, on Saturday at 21:00. The word 鬥牛 in this context actually means street basketball.

This is a list of articles in Eastern philosophy.

The Four Sages, Assessors, or Correlates, are four eminent Chinese philosophers in the Confucian tradition. They are traditionally accorded a kind of sainthood and their spirit tablets are prominently placed in Confucian temples, two upon the east and two upon the west side of the Hall of the Great Completion.

Kaozheng, alternatively called kaoju xue and Qian–Jia School, was a school and approach to study and research in the Qing dynasty of China from about 1600 to 1850. It was most prominent during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor and Jiaqing Emperor. The approach corresponds to the methods of modern textual criticism, and was sometimes associated with an empirical approach to scientific topics as well.

<i>Kongzi Jiayu</i> Family Sayings of Confucius by Kong Anguo

The Kongzi Jiayu, translated as The School Sayings of Confucius or Family Sayings of Confucius, is a collection of sayings of Confucius (Kongzi), written as a supplement to the Analects (Lunyu).

The Holy Confucian Church or Holy Church of Confucius or Holy Confucian Church of China is a religious organisation of Confucianism in China, formed by local Confucian churches or halls. A grassroots movement of local Confucian churches was initiated in 2009 by Zhou Beichen, a disciple of the Confucian philosopher Jiang Qing, when he founded the first church in Shenzhen, The aim was to develop a network of local Confucian churches throughout the country, later to be unified into a national body and possibly become a state religion in China. The national and international body, the Holy Confucian Church of China, was established in late 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tao Kwok Cheung</span> Hong Kong philosophy professor (born 1955)

Tao Kwok Cheung is a Hong Kong philosophy professor. He was born in Huizhou, Guangdong, and moved to Hong Kong in 1959 at the age of four. He teaches General Education courses in the Chinese University of Hong Kong as a full-time professor since 1990 and retired in 2015 to be a part-time assistant professor. He founded the Philosophia Cultural Society (睿哲文化學會) with other University lecturers in 2001 and is also a council member of Society for Life and Death Education. He publishes articles in a special column "Philosophy in an array of stars" (繁星哲語]) in the Hong Kong Economic Journal and in Ming Pao.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sun Yueh</span> Taiwanese actor (1930–2018)

Sun Yueh was a Taiwanese actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinese Learning as Substance, Western Learning for Application</span>

The idea of "Chinese Learning as Substance, Western Learning for Application" was initially proposed by Feng Guifen in his Xiaopinlu kangyi, written in 1861 after the Second Opium War. At the time, leading Chinese thinkers were interrogating how to approach the threat posed by encroaching Western states. Feng argued for China's self-strengthening and industrialization by borrowing Western technology and military systems, while retaining core Neo-Confucian principles. These ideas were further elaborated on by Zhang Zhidong in 1898 in his book Quanxue pian as "Traditional (Chinese) learning as substance, New (Western) learning as application" (“舊學為體,新學為用”). “Zhongti xiyong” became a popular slogan used in the late Qing Reforms, including the Self-Strengthening Movement and Hundred Days' Reform. The concept was widespread among intellectuals in the late 19th and early 20th century, and it remains relevant in the modern studies of China-West cultural relationship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Progressive Confucianism</span> Contemporary approach of Confucianism that aims to promote individual and collective moral progress

Progressive Confucianism is a term of philosophy coined by Stephen C. Angle in his book Contemporary Confucian Political Philosophy: Toward Progressive Confucianism (2012). Progressive Confucianism refers to a contemporary approach of Confucianism that aims to promote individual and collective moral progress. It explores themes such as political authority and morality, the rule of law, human rights, gender and sexuality, bearing similarities with other contemporary progressive social and political movements.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Philosophy in Taiwan</span> Philosophy in Taiwan

Philosophy in Taiwan is the set of philosophical traditions in Taiwan, while Taiwanese philosophy is taken to mean philosophical work from the country. Philosophical thought in Taiwan is diverse, drawing influence from Chinese philosophy during Qing rule from the 17th and 18th century, and Western philosophy through the Kyoto School during Japanese rule in the 19th and early 20th century. Taiwanese philosophy took a more endogenous turn during the modern era, with burgeoning philosophical debate regarding Taiwanese Gemeinschaft.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Religious Confucianism</span> Confucianism as a religion

Religious Confucianism is an interpretation of Confucianism as a religion. It originated in the time of Confucius with his defense of traditional religious institutions of his time such as the Jongmyo rites, and the ritual and music system.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Why Thomé H. Fang? – A Great Eastern Ally of Process Thought". thomehfang.com. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  2. 1 2 Shen, Vincent (2013). Cua, Antonio S. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 249–252. ISBN   978-1-135-36748-0.