Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk

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Observations on the present state of the Highlands of Scotland, with a view of the causes and probable consequences of emigration. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme. 1805.
  • Sketch of the British Fur Trade in North America (1816)
  • See also

    • James Douglas (governor) (1803–1877), a high-ranking Hudson's Bay Company officer and later governor of Vancouver Island

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    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Pemmican War</span> Conflict between the Hudsons Bay Company and North West Company from 1812 to 1821

    The Pemmican War was a series of armed confrontations during the North American fur trade between the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC) in the years following the establishment of the Red River Colony in 1812 by Lord Selkirk. It ended in 1821 when the NWC merged with the HBC.

    Pierre Chrysologue Pambrun was a French Canadian militia officer and later a fur trader in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. Pambrun fought against the United States in the War of 1812, in particular the Battle of the Châteauguay. He joined the HBC during a time of turmoil with its competitors, the North West Company. After the Battle of Seven Oaks, he was among those held captive by men employed by the NWC.

    William Bachelor Coltman was a politician, active in the early 19th century. He was born in Great Britain, and traveled to Canada in 1799. He worked as a merchant in Quebec City, and purchased a schooner, and entered into a partnership with his brother John, and two merchants in Yorkshire, in 1807. In 1808 he acquired a contract to supply flour to the Army, in Canada.

    Pierre St. Germain was a Métis interpreter and fur trader, notable for his service in John Franklin's Coppermine expedition. Born c. 1790, possibly to a family of North West Company (NWC) interpreters, he was first employed with the NWC in 1812, before transferring to the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC). He served for several years as an interpreter in Athabasca Country before employment as a guide for the Franklin expedition. The expedition, plagued by supply shortages due to conflicts between the NWC and HBC, was devastated by starvation on the return journey from the Arctic coast, leading to the deaths of the majority of the participants. After twenty years of service in the fur trade, he settled in the Red River Colony at what is now Winnipeg. Ten years later, he and his family participated in James Sinclair's settler expedition to the Columbia District, part of a HBC plan to bolster the nascent Puget Sound Agricultural Company. He remained in the Cowlitz Prairie with his family for the rest of his life, dying at some point in the 1870s.

    References

    1. Douglas, Thomas (1984). Bumsted, J. M. (ed.). The Collected Writings of Lord Selkirk 1799–1809; Volume I in the Writings and Papers of Thomas Douglas, Fifth Earl of Selkirk (PDF). Winnipeg: Manitoba Record Society. p. 7. ISBN   0-96921011-6.
    2. Annals: North British Society
    3. Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN   0-902-198-84-X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
    4. Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). "Douglas, Thomas (1771–1820)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . Vol. 15. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
    5. Carter, George E. (Winter 1968). "Lord Selkirk and the Red River Colony". Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Vol. 18, no. 1. pp. 60–69. JSTOR   4517222.
    6. Francis, R. Douglas; Jones, Richard; Smith, Donald B. (2000). Origins: Canadian History to Confederation (4th ed.). Toronto: Harcourt Canada. pp. 434–5. ISBN   978-0-17644-243-9.
    7. Grant, Cuthbert National Historic Person . Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada . Retrieved 9 January 2015.
    8. Woodcock, George (1985). "Grant, Cuthbert". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography . Vol. VIII (1851–1860) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
    9. Bryce, George (1912). Life of Lord Selkirk. Toronto: The Musson Book Company. p.  81.
    10. Henderson, Anne Matheson (1968). "The Lord Selkirk Settlement at Red River, Part 2". Manitoba Pageant. 13 (2). Manitoba Historical Society.
    11. Chartrand, Larry (2004). The Definition of Métis Peoples in Section 35(2) of the Constitution Act, 1982. University of Ottawa – Common Law Section. SSRN   2323669.
    12. Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk. Manitoba Heritage Council Commemorative Plaques. 1958.
    13. Newman, Peter C. (2000). The Empire of the Bay: The Company of Adventurers that Seized a Continent. Penguin. p. 383. ISBN   978-0-14029-987-8.

    Further reading

    The Earl of Selkirk
    Thomas Douglas 5th Earl of Selkirk.jpg
    Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
    In office
    1807–1820
    Honorary titles
    Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
    1807–1820
    Succeeded by
    Peerage of Scotland
    Preceded by Douglas hamiltonCoA.png
    Earl of Selkirk

    1799–1820
    Succeeded by