Thomas Dyer

Last updated
Thomas Dyer
Thomas-dyer (1).jpg
18th Mayor of Chicago
In office
March 11, 1856 [1]  March 10, 1857 [2]
Preceded by Levi Boone
Succeeded by John Wentworth
Personal details
Born(1805-01-13)January 13, 1805
Canton, Connecticut
DiedJune 6, 1862(1862-06-06) (aged 57)
Connecticut, United States
Political party Democratic
ResidenceChicago, Illinois

Thomas Dyer (January 13, 1805 June 6, 1862; buried in Connecticut) served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1856–1857) for the Democratic Party. He also served as the founding president of the Chicago Board of Trade.

He was a former meat-packing partner of former mayor John Putnam Chapin, who was one of Chicago's first meat packers. Chapin built a slaughterhouse on the South Branch of the Chicago River in 1844. [3]

Running as a "pro-Nebraska" Democrat (aligned with Stephen A. Douglas, who publicly backed his candidacy), Dyer won the contentious 1856 Chicago mayoral election, defeating former mayor Francis Cornwall Sherman (who ran as an anti-Nebraska candidate). [4] [5]

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1856 Chicago mayoral election

In the 1856 Chicago mayoral election, Thomas Dyer defeated former mayor Francis Cornwall Sherman. The race was shaped by the divisive national political debate surrounding the issue of slavery, particularly debate surrounding the controversial Kansas–Nebraska Act. The election was treated by many as a referendum on the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

References

  1. "Mayor Thomas Dyer Inaugural Address, 1856". www.chipublib.org. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  2. "Mayor John Wentworth Inaugural Address, 1857". www.chipublib.org. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  3. Group, Genealogy Trails History. "The History of Chicago's Mayors - presented by Illinois Genealogy Trails". www.genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  4. Goodspeed, Weston A. (Feb 6, 2017). The History of Cook County, Illinois. Jazzybee Verlag.
  5. Property Rules: Political Economy in Chicago, 1833-1872 by Robin L. Einhorn