Thomas Edlyne Tomlins (1762–1841)

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Sir Thomas Edlyne Tomlins (4 January 1762 – 1 July 1841) was an English legal writer.

Contents

Life

Born in London, he was the eldest son of Thomas Tomlins (d. 1815), solicitor and clerk to the Company of Painter-Stainers, descended from the family of Tomlins in the neighbourhood of Ledbury in Herefordshire [1] and of Hereford. Thomas Edlyne was admitted a scholar at St Paul's School, London on 21 September 1769. He matriculated at The Queen's College, Oxford, on 27 October 1778, and was called to the bar by the society of the Inner Temple in the Hilary term of 1783. [2]

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions. A person must have legally-defined qualifications, which vary from one jurisdiction to another, to be described as a solicitor and enabled to practise there as such. For example, in England and Wales a solicitor is admitted to practise under the provisions of the Solicitors Act 1974. With some exceptions, practising solicitors must possess a practising certificate. There are many more solicitors than barristers in England; they undertake the general aspects of giving legal advice and conducting legal proceedings.

Ledbury market town in Herefordshire, England, UK

Ledbury is a market town and civil parish in the county of Herefordshire, England, lying east of Hereford, and west of the Malvern Hills.

For some years Tomlins was editor of the St. James's Chronicle , a daily newspaper, and on 30 May 1801 he was appointed counsel to the chief secretary for Ireland. In the same year he became parliamentary counsel to the Chancellor of the Exchequer for Ireland, a post which he retained until the union of the British and Irish treasuries in 1816. He was knighted at Wanstead House on 29 June 1814, on the recommendation of the Duke of Wellington, and in 1818 was appointed assistant counsel to the treasury. In Hilary term 1823 he was elected a bencher of the Inner Temple, and in 1827 he filled the office of treasurer to the society. In January 1831, on the Whigs coming into office, he retired from his post in the treasury. [2]

Parliamentary counsel are lawyers who prepare legislation that it is proposed to pass into law. The terms Parliamentary drafter, Parliamentary draftsman, legislative drafting officer and legislative counsel are also widely used. These terms are used in relation to the United Kingdom parliament in Westminster, and other parliaments and assemblies based on the Westminster system. The official title, and organisation, of the parliamentary counsel varies between legislatures. For example, those who draft government legislation for the UK parliament form the Parliamentary Counsel Office while the Scottish Government's Parliamentary Counsel Office drafts legislation for the Scottish Parliament, the Office of the Legislative Counsel drafts legislation for the Northern Ireland Assembly and the (Welsh) Office of the Legislative Counsel performs the same role in relation to the National Assembly for Wales. In the Republic of Ireland, there is an Office of the Parliamentary Counsel to Government. In Australia, each state, territory and the federal government has an Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Wanstead House former manor house

Wanstead House was a mansion built to replace the earlier Wanstead Hall. It was commissioned in 1715, completed in 1722 and demolished in 1825. Its gardens now form the municipal Wanstead Park in the London Borough of Redbridge.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington 18th and 19th-century British soldier and statesman

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. He won a notable victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Tomlins died on 1 July 1841 at St. Mary Castlegate, York. [2]

St Marys Church, Castlegate, York Church in York, England

St Mary's Church, Castlegate, York is a Grade I listed former parish church in the Church of England in York.

York Historic city in the north of England

York is a city and unitary authority area in North Yorkshire, England, the population of the council area which includes nearby villages was 208,200 as of 2017 and the population of the Urban area was 153,717 at the 2011 census. Located at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss, it is the county town of the historic county of Yorkshire. The city is known for its famous historical landmarks such as York Minster and the city walls, as well as a variety of cultural and sporting activities, which makes it a popular tourist destination in England. The local authority is the City of York Council, a single tier governing body responsible for providing all local services and facilities throughout the city. The City of York local government district includes rural areas beyond the old city boundaries. It is about 20 miles north-east of Leeds.

Works

Tomlins was the author of: [2]

Statutes at Large is the name given to published collections or series of legislative Acts in a number of jurisdictions.

He also superintended several editions of Giles Jacob's Law Dictionary; his last edition of it was joint work with Alexander Annesley. [3] He edited Josiah Brown's Reports of Cases on Appeals and Writs of Error determined in the High Court of Parliament (London, 1803), and, as sub-commissioner of the records, took a major part in editing the Statutes of the Realm (9 vols. 1810–24). [2] Jointly with his sister Elizabeth Sophia Tomlins he published a collection of short poems, Tributes of Affection by a Lady and her Brother, in 1797.

Giles Jacob was a British legal writer whose works include a well-received law dictionary that became the most popular and widespread law dictionary in the newly independent United States. Jacob was the leading legal writer of his era, according to the Yale Law Library.

Alexander Annesley, was an English legal and political writer of the late eighteenth century.

Elizabeth Sophia Tomlins (1763–1828), was born in 1763. In 1797 her brother, later Sir Thomas Edlyne Tomlins (1762–1841), published ‘Tributes of Affection by a Lady and her Brother’, a collection of short poems, most of them by her. Besides contributing several pieces to various periodical publications, she was the author of several novels, of which the most popular was ‘The Victim of Fancy,’ an imitation of Goethe's ‘Werther.’ Others were ‘The Baroness d'Alunton,’ and ‘Rosalind de Tracy,’ 1798, 12mo. She also translated the ‘History of Napoleon Bonaparte’ from one of the works of Louis Pierre Anquetil. Miss Tomlins died at The Firs, Cheltenham, on 8 August 1828.

Family

Elizabeth Sophia Tomlins (1763–1828) was his sister. Thomas Edlyne Tomlins (1804–1872) was his nephew. [2]

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References

  1. Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.267
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Carlyle, Edward Irving (1899). "Tomlins, Thomas Edlyne"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 17.
  3. The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle. E. Cave. 1814. p. 94. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
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