The Lord Lovat
|Lord Lieutenant of Inverness|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Seafield|
|Succeeded by||Simon Fraser|
Thomas Alexander Fraser
17 June 1802
|Died||28 June 1875 73)(aged|
Charlotte Georgina Stafford-Jerningham
|Parent(s)||Alexander Fraser,9th of Strichen|
|Relatives||Simon Fraser,14th Lord Lovat (grandson)|
Thomas Alexander Fraser,12th Lord Lovat and 1st Baron Lovat,KT (17 June 1802 –28 June 1875) was a Scottish peer. He was also the 21st MacShimidh,the traditional Gaelic Patronym for the Chiefs of the Clan Fraser of Lovat.
Born on 17 June 1802,he was the son of Amelia (née Leslie) Fraser and Alexander Fraser,9th of Strichen,a Captain of the 1st Dragoon Guards who died on 28 October 1803,shortly after his birth.His paternal grandparents were Alexander Fraser,8th of Strichen and Jean (née Menzies) Fraser (a daughter of William Menzies and niece of James Menzies of Culdares). His maternal grandparents were John Leslie,22nd Baron of Balquhain and the former Violet Dalzell.
In 1821,Fraser commissioned Aberdeen architect John Smith to design a country house known as Strichen House.
In 1815,upon the death of Archibald Campbell Fraser (who outlived all of his children),Fraser became the 21st Chief of the Clan Fraser,through his descent from the second son of the 4th Lord Lovat. He also inherited the Lovat estates at Beauly in Inverness-shire. On 28 January 1837 he was created Baron Lovat,of Lovat in the County of Inverness,in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In 1854,the attainder of the 11th Lord Lovat (who had been attainted and executed in 1747) was reversed,and Lovat thereby became 12th Lord Lovat in the Peerage of Scotland. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Inverness from 1853 to 1873 and was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1865.
On 6 August 1823,Fraser was married to Charlotte Georgina Stafford-Jerningham (1800–1876),the daughter of George William Stafford-Jerningham,8th Baron Stafford,in 1823. The couple had three daughters and four sons,including:
Lord Lovat died in June 1875,aged 73,and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Simon. Lady Lovat died in 1876.
Lord Lovat's legacy is that of the present 16th Lord Lovat,and the good standing of the present Clan Fraser. He completed the restoration of Lovat titles and lands,which had been started by the 11th Lord's son,General Simon Fraser of Lovat.
Simon Fraser,11th Lord Lovat,nicknamed 'the Fox',was a Scottish Jacobite and Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat,known for his feuding and changes of allegiance. In 1715,he had been a supporter of the House of Hanover,but in 1745 he changed sides and supported the Stuart claim on the crown of Great Britain. Lovat was among the Highlanders defeated at the Battle of Culloden and convicted of treason against the Crown,following which he was sentenced to death and subsequently beheaded.
Baron Stafford,referring to the town of Stafford,is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of England. In the 14th century,the barons of the first creation were made earls. Those of the fifth creation,in the 17th century,became first viscounts and then earls. Since 1913,the title has been held by the Fitzherbert family.
Lord Lovat is a title of the rank Lord of Parliament in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1458 for Hugh Fraser by summoning him to the Scottish Parliament as Lord Fraser of Lovat,although the holder is referred to simply as Lord Lovat.
It was a separate title from the Scottish feudal lordship of Lovat,already held by the highland Frasers. In 1837 they were created a third title,Baron Lovat,of Lovat in the County of Inverness,in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The holder is also separately and independently the Chief of highland Clan Fraser of Lovat.
Baron Burton,of Burton-on-Trent and of Rangemore in the County of Stafford,is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1897 for the prominent brewer,philanthropist and Liberal politician Michael Bass,1st Baron Burton. He had already been created a baronet in 1882 and Baron Burton in 1886. However,the three titles had different remainders. The Bass family descended from William Bass,who founded the brewery business of Bass &Co in Burton upon Trent in 1777. His grandson Michael Thomas Bass transformed the company into one of the largest breweries in the United Kingdom. He also represented Derby in Parliament as a Liberal for thirty-five years and was a great benefactor to the town of Burton. However,Bass declined every honour offered to him,including a baronetcy and a peerage.
Brigadier Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser,15th Lord Lovat,4th Baron Lovat,was the 25th Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat and a prominent British Commando during the Second World War. His friends called him Shimi Lovat,an anglicised version of his name in the Scottish Gaelic language. His clan referred to him as MacShimidh,his Gaelic patronym,meaning Son of Simon. Simon is the favoured family name for the Chiefs of Clan Fraser. While the 15th Lord de jure,he was the 17th Lord Lovat de facto,but for the attainder of his Jacobite ancestor who was executed in 1747. He was also 4th Baron Lovat in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Major-General Simon Joseph Fraser,14th Lord Lovat and 3rd Baron Lovat,,was a leading Roman Catholic aristocrat,landowner,forester,soldier,politician and the 23rd Chief of Clan Fraser. While legally the 14th Lord Lovat,he was referred to as the 16th Lord,due to two previous Lord Lovats forfeiting the title.
George Gordon,9th Marquess of Huntly,,styled Lord Strathavon until 1795 and known as The Earl of Aboyne from 1795 to 1836,was a Scottish peer.
Clan Fraser of Lovat is a Highland Scottish clan. The Clan Fraser of Lovat has been strongly associated with Inverness and the surrounding area since the Clan's founder gained lands there in the 13th century,but Lovat is in fact a junior branch of the Clan Fraser who were based in the Aberdeenshire area. Both the Clan Fraser and the Clan Fraser of Lovat have their own separate clan chiefs who are recognized by the Lord Lyon King of Arms under Scottish law. The Clan Fraser of Lovat in Inverness-shire has historically dominated local politics and been active in every major military conflict involving Scotland. It has also played a considerable role in most major political turmoils. "Fraser" remains the most prominent family name within the Inverness area.
Simon Fraser,13th Lord Lovat and 2nd Baron Lovat,was a Scottish peer. While legally the 13th Lord,he was referred to as the 15th Lord Lovat.
The Frasers of Strichen are a branch of the highland Clan Fraser of Lovat,which assumed the chiefship of the clan in the 19th century.
Hugh Fraser,was a Scottish peer,1st Lord Lovat and the Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat which is a Scottish clan of the Scottish Highlands.
Francis George Godolphin D'Arcy D'Arcy-Osborne,7th Duke of Leeds,styled Earl of Danby from birth until 1799 and Marquess of Carmarthen from 1799 until 1838,was a British peer and politician.
Henry Valentine Stafford-Jerningham,9th Baron Stafford DL,known as Henry Jerningham until 1824 and styled The Honourable Henry Stafford-Jerningham between 1824 and 1851,was a British peer and politician.
Alexander Fraser,4th Lord Lovat was a Scottish peer and Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat from 1544 until 1557.
Simon Fraser,6th Lord Lovat (1570–1633) Scottish courtier and landowner.
George William Stafford-Jerningham,8th Baron Stafford,known as Sir George William Jerningham,7th Baronet from 1809 to 1824,was a British peer who,in 1824,successfully obtained a reversal of the attainder of the barony of Stafford.
Hon. Sir George Sulyarde Stafford-Jerningham KCH CB,was an English career diplomat who served as the British Minister to Sweden from 1859 to 1872.
Hon. William George Stafford-Jerningham was an English career diplomat.
Hon. Edward Robert Petre of Stapleton Park was an English horse racer and politician.
William Mackintosh,15th of Mackintosh was the chief of the Clan Mackintosh,a Scottish clan of the Scottish Highlands. He was also chief of the confederation of clans that was known as the Clan Chattan.