Thomas Fulljames

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Thomas Fulljames
Walworth, Surrey, England
Died24 April 1874 (aged 6566)
Ashleworth, Gloucestershire, England
PracticeFulljames & Waller
Buildings Gloucester Court of Probate, 1858.
DesignSevern Barrage, 1849.
Church of St Lawrence, Sandhurst. Rebuilt by Fulljames, 1857-58. St Lawrence Church, Sandhurst and lych gate - - 774714.jpg
Church of St Lawrence, Sandhurst. Rebuilt by Fulljames, 1857–58.
Church of St Mary & Corpus Christi, Down Hatherley. Rebuilt by Fulljames, 1859-60. St. Mary and Corpus Christi church, Down Hatherley - - 2049008.jpg
Church of St Mary & Corpus Christi, Down Hatherley. Rebuilt by Fulljames, 1859-60.
Fulljames's unbuilt design for a Severn Barrage, 1849 ThomasFulljamesSevernBarrage01.jpg
Fulljames's unbuilt design for a Severn Barrage, 1849
Gloucester Court of Probate, 1858 Gloucester Court of Probate 2 April 2016.JPG
Gloucester Court of Probate, 1858
Foscombe, designed c.1860 by Fulljames for his own use Foscombe House - - 1418013.jpg
Foscombe, designed c.1860 by Fulljames for his own use

Thomas Fulljames (1808 – 24 April 1874) was an architect active in Gloucestershire, England, in the first half of the nineteenth century. As diocesan surveyor from 1832 until 1870, latterly in partnership with Frederick Sandham Waller, he designed, reconstructed or extended a number of churches in Gloucestershire.

Gloucestershire County of England

Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean.


He is known for designing the Gloucester Court of Probate (1858) in the Gothic style. He also designed a barrage across the River Severn, which was never built. He built Foscombe house for his own use in Ashleworth, Gloucestershire, which has been classified as a grade II* heritage building.

Early life and family

Thomas Fulljames was born in Walworth, [6] Surrey, now in Greater London, in 1808, [1] to Trophimas and Margaret Fulljames. He was baptised at Hasfield, Gloucestershire, on 15 September 1808. [7]

Walworth central district in the London Borough of Southwark

Walworth is a district of south east London, England, within the London Borough of Southwark. It is located 1.9 miles (3.1 km) south east of Charing Cross, near Camberwell and Elephant and Castle.

Surrey County of England

Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is also one of the home counties. The county borders Kent to the east, East Sussex and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast.

Hasfield village in United Kingdom

Hasfield is a civil parish in Gloucestershire,England, and lies six miles (9.7 km) south-west of Tewkesbury and seven miles (11 km) north of Gloucester. It is situated on the west bank of the River Severn; as much of its land resides below the 50-foot contour, it is subject to regular flooding. Hasfield is represented by the county councillor for Severn Vale division and the two borough councillors for Highnam with Haw Bridge ward on Tewkesbury Borough Council.


Fulljames studied with his uncle, the surveyor Thomas Fulljames (died 1847), and with the architect Thomas Rickman. [1] He first practised in his own name from the early 1830s and from 1846 as Fulljames & Waller after he formed a partnership in that year with Frederick Sandham Waller (1822–1895) who had been articled to him in 1839. [1] He also taught the architect James Piers St Aubyn. [8]

Thomas Rickman, was an English architect and architectural antiquary who was a major figure in the Gothic Revival. He is particularly remembered for his Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture (1817), which established the basic chronological classification and terminology that are still in widespread use for the different styles of English medieval ecclesiastical architecture.

James Piers St Aubyn, often referred to as J P St Aubyn, was an English architect of the Victorian era, known for his church architecture and confident restorations.

Church architecture

Fulljames was diocesan surveyor in Gloucestershire from 1832 until 1870, as Fulljames & Waller from 1846, and in that time they completed a great deal of church architecture in the county. [1] Among his designs was the Church of St Luke, High Orchard (1841), [9] [10] St Matthew's Parish Church, Twigworth (1841–42), [11] adding a north aisle to Hasfield (1849–50), and the reconstruction of the Church of St Lawrence, Sandhurst (1857–58), and the Church of St Mary & Corpus Christi, Down Hatherley (1859–60). After Frederick William Waller became a partner in 1868 the firm was renamed Waller & Son. [1]

High Orchard

High Orchard was an industrial area of the city of Gloucester in England that was developed in the 19th-century on the former orchard of the Priory of Llanthony Secunda (1136). The area was closely associated with Gloucester Docks immediately to the north and served by the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal and railway transport. It was the site of Fielding & Platt's Atlas Works and a number of other significant local employers.

Twigworth village in United Kingdom

Twigworth is a small village near Gloucester in the Borough of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. The population of Twigworth Parish was 340 people in mid-2014 in 170 households. A planning application for 725 new homes in the parish of Twigworth was approved in December 2017.

Church of St Lawrence

The Church of St Lawrence is a grade II* listed Church of England church in Sandhurst, Gloucestershire.

Severn Barrage

In 1849, Fulljames proposed a barrage across the River Severn from Beachley to Aust (now the site of the first Severn Bridge), a span of just over 1 mile (1.6 km). Since this was before commercial electricity production, the first proposals were based on the desire for a large shipping harbour in the Severn Estuary, road and railway transport, and flood protection. [12]

Severn Barrage

The Severn Barrage refers to a range of ideas for building a barrage from the English coast to the Welsh coast over the Severn tidal estuary. Ideas for damming or barraging the Severn estuary have existed since the 19th century. The building of such a barrage would constitute an engineering project comparable with some of the world's biggest. The purposes of such a project has typically been one, or several of: transport links, flood protection, harbour creation, or tidal power generation. In recent decades it is the latter that has grown to be the primary focus for barrage ideas, and the others are now seen as useful side-effects. Following the Severn Tidal Power Feasibility Study (2008–10), the British government concluded that there was no strategic case for building a barrage but to continue to investigate emerging technologies. In June 2013 the Energy and Climate Change Select Committee published its findings after an eight-month study of the arguments for and against the Barrage. MPs said the case for the barrage was unproven. They were not convinced the economic case was strong enough and said the developer, Hafren Power, had failed to answer serious environmental and economic concerns.

Beachley village in United Kingdom

Beachley is a village in Gloucestershire, England, near the border with Wales. It is located on a peninsula at the confluence of the rivers Wye and Severn, where the Severn Bridge ends and the smaller secondary bridge for the River Wye begins, both bridges carrying the M48 motorway between England and Wales though the motorway is not directly accessible from the village. The tidal range on this stretch of water is the highest in the UK. Before the construction of the bridge it was a ferry port from where the Aust Ferry operated until 1966.

Aust village in South Gloucestershire, England

Aust is a small village in South Gloucestershire, England, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Bristol and about 28 miles (45 km) south west of Gloucester. It is located on the eastern side of the Severn estuary, close to the eastern end of the Severn Bridge, now part of the M48 motorway. The village has a chapel, a church and a public house. There is a large area of farmland on the river bank, which is sometimes flooded due to the high tidal range of the Severn. Aust Cliff, above the Severn, is located about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the village. The civil parish of Aust includes the villages of Elberton and Littleton-upon-Severn.

Other architecture

Other projects by Fulljames in Gloucester include the Albion Hotel (1831) in Southgate Street, later known as the Albion Hall; [13] Norfolk Buildings (1836) in Bristol Road; [14] and the "picturesque Gothic" Gloucester Court of Probate (1858) on the corner of Pitt Street and Park Street, [3] probably as a result of the Court of Probate Act 1857 which removed probate proceedings from the ecclesiastical to the civil courts. [4]

Around 1860 he built Foscombe, a country house in the Gothic Revival style in Ashleworth for his own use. It is now a grade II* listed building. [5]

Plans relating to the Gloucestershire Royal Infirmary and Second County Asylum are held by Gloucestershire Archives. [15]

Personal life

Fulljames married Catherine. [6] In the 1851 census, he was living with his wife at Hasfield and described as an "Architect & Landed Proprietor". Three relatives were living with them and the family employed seven servants. [6] The family were still in Hasfield in 1861, employing six servants. [16]

Death and legacy

Fulljames died on 24 April 1874 at Foscombe in Ashleworth. His will was proved by his wife Catherine and the executors John Jackson Myers of Huyton, and James Wintle of Newnham. He left less than £12,000. [17] There is a monument to him in the churchyard of the Church of St Mary, Hasfield. [18]

Related Research Articles

Deerhurst village in United Kingdom

Deerhurst is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) southwest of Tewkesbury. The village is on the east bank of the River Severn. The parish includes the village of Apperley and the hamlet of Deerhurst Walton. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 906, the majority of whom live in Apperley.

Lechlade town in Lechlade civil parish in Cotswold, Gloucestershire, England

Lechlade, or Lechlade-on-Thames, is a town at the southern edge of the Cotswolds in Gloucestershire, England, 55 miles (89 km) south of Birmingham and 68 miles (109 km) west of London. It is the highest point at which the River Thames is navigable, although there is a right of navigation that continues south-west into Cricklade, situated in the neighbouring county of Wiltshire. The town is named after the River Leach that joins the Thames near The Trout Inn and St. John's Bridge.

Ashleworth village in the United Kingdom

Ashleworth is a village and civil parish in the Tewkesbury district of Gloucestershire, England, with a population of 540, about six miles north of Gloucester. It has a riverside pub, the Boat Inn. The oldest part of the village is Ashleworth Quay, on a flood plain on the west bank of the River Severn.

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Gloucester Court of Probate Gloucester, Gloucestershire, GL1

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Foscombe is a grade II* listed country house in Ashleworth, Gloucestershire. It was built around 1860 in the Gothic Revival style for the personal use of the architect Thomas Fulljames.

Bristol Road

Bristol Road in the City of Gloucester dates from the medieval period. It runs between Southgate Street in the north and Quedgeley in the south where it joins the Bath Road and the A38. It contains a number of listed buildings and other notable structures.

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Southgate Street

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 David Verey & Alan Brooks. (2002). The Buildings of England Gloucestershire 2: The Vale and the Forest of Dean. 3rd edition. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. p. 105. ISBN   9780300097337.
  2. Severn Barrage; the phoenix and a flawed scheme? Clean Rivers Trust, 6 January 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  3. 1 2 Historic England. "3 & 4, Pitt Street (1245683)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  4. 1 2 Jordan, Christine. (2015). Secret Gloucester. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. pp. 38–39. ISBN   978-1-4456-4689-3.
  5. 1 2 Historic England. "Foscombe (1340298)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 Thomas Fulljames England and Wales Census, 1851. Family Search. Retrieved 27 March 2019. (subscription required)
  7. :Thomas Fulljames, England Births and Christenings, 1538–1975," Family Search. Retrieved 27 March 2019. (subscription required)
  8. Brodie, Antonia, et al (Eds.) (2001). Directory of British Architects, 1834–1914: Vol. 2 (L–Z). London: Continuum. p. 525. ISBN   978-0-8264-5514-7.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  9. "Domestic Occurrences", The Gentleman's Magazine, 1841, p. 644.
  10. St. Luke, High Orchard, British History Online. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  11. Gloucester: Modern parish churches. British History Online. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  12. Carne, Brian. "Thomas Fulljames, 1808–74: Surveyor, Architect, and Civil Engineer", Transactions of the Bristol & Gloucestershire Archaeological Society , Volume 113, 1995, pp. 7–20.
  13. Historic England. "Albion House (1271769)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  14. Historic England. "Norfolk Buildings (1245993)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  15. Architect plans by Thomas Fulljames. National Archives. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  16. Thomas Fulljames England and Wales Census, 1861. Family Search. Retrieved 27 March 2019. (subscription required)
  17. 1874 Probate Calendar, p. 161.
  18. Historic England. "Monument to Thomas Fulljames (1304042)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 March 2019.

Further reading

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