Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington

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The Earl of Haddington

Thomas Hamilton.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
1 January 1835 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Marquess Wellesley
Succeeded by The Earl of Mulgrave
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
6 September 1841 8 January 1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Earl of Minto
Succeeded by The Earl of Ellenborough
Personal details
Born(1780-06-21)21 June 1780
Died1 December 1858(1858-12-01) (aged 78)
Nationality Scottish
Political party Tory
Spouse(s)Lady Maria Parker (d. 1861)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Christ Church, Oxford

Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington, KT, PC, FRS, FRSE (21 June 1780 – 1 December 1858), known as Lord Binning from 1794 to 1828, was a Scottish Conservative statesman.

Order of the Thistle order of chivalry associated with Scotland

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle is an order of chivalry associated with Scotland. The current version of the Order was founded in 1687 by King James VII of Scotland who asserted that he was reviving an earlier Order. The Order consists of the Sovereign and sixteen Knights and Ladies, as well as certain "extra" knights. The Sovereign alone grants membership of the Order; he or she is not advised by the Government, as occurs with most other Orders.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the UK Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Contents

Background and education

Lord Haddington was the only son of Lady Sophia, daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun and Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh and Christ Church, Oxford. [1]

John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun was the son of Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun and Lady Henrietta Johnstone.

Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington Scottish peer

Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington DL was a Scottish nobleman.

University of Edinburgh public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland

The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities. The university has five main campuses in the city of Edinburgh, with many of the buildings in the historic Old Town belonging to the university. The university played an important role in leading Edinburgh to its reputation as a chief intellectual centre during the Age of Enlightenment, and helped give the city the nickname of the Athens of the North.

Political career

At the beginning of the 19th century, Lord Haddington was a supporter of George Canning. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for St Germans in 1802, but did not stand for re-election in 1806. In August 1814, he was appointed one of His Majesty's Commissioners for the management of the affairs in India. He served sporadically in the House of Commons until 1827 when he was elevated to the House of Lords by the new prime minister, George Canning, who had him created Baron Melros, of Tynninghame in the County of Haddington, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He had previously been created a privy counsellor in 1814, and, in 1828, he succeeded to his family's Scottish earldom. [1]

George Canning British statesman and politician

George Canning was a British Tory statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from April to August 1827. He occupied various senior cabinet positions under numerous prime ministers, before eventually serving himself as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.

St Germans was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1562 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

House of Lords upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted by appointment or else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

Lord Haddington went on to vote against the Reform Bill in 1831, but later changed his mind and voted for it in 1832, possibly due to the political crises surrounding its passage. Upon the rise of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership in 1834, Lord Haddington was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, however the government collapsed within six months, and the Whigs were once again in power. Lord Haddington was able to return to government in 1841 with the return of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership - he declined the post of Governor General of India, instead opting to become First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the Cabinet. He held that post until January 1846, when he was shuffled to become Lord Privy Seal, a post he held until the death of the government in July. [1]

Reform Act 1832 UK parliament act of 1832

The Representation of the People Act 1832 was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales. According to its preamble, the Act was designed to "take effectual Measures for correcting divers Abuses that have long prevailed in the Choice of Members to serve in the Commons House of Parliament". Before the reform, most members nominally represented boroughs. The number of electors in a borough varied widely, from a dozen or so up to 12,000. Frequently the selection of MPs was effectively controlled by one powerful patron: for example Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk, controlled eleven boroughs. Criteria for qualification for the franchise varied greatly among boroughs, from the requirement to own land, to merely living in a house with a hearth sufficient to boil a pot.

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 till the Partition of Ireland in 1922

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 until the Partition of Ireland in 1922. This spanned the Kingdom of Ireland (1541–1800) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922). The office, under its various names, was often more generally known as the viceroy, and his wife was known as the vicereine. The government of Ireland in practice was usually in the hands of the Lord Deputy up to the 17th century, and later of the Chief Secretary for Ireland. Although in the Middle Ages some Lords Deputy were Irish noblemen, only men from Great Britain, usually peers, were appointed to the office of Lord Lieutenant.

First Lord of the Admiralty political head of the Royal Navy

The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services. It was one of the earliest known permanent government posts. Apart from being the political head of the Royal Navy the post holder simultaneously held the title of the President of the Board of Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral. The office of First Lord of the Admiralty existed from 1628 until it was abolished when the Admiralty, Air Ministry, Ministry of Defence and War Office were all merged to form the new Ministry of Defence in 1964.

Lord Binning's family were related to the Stanhopes and staunch supporters of Pitt's administration. Being, as the eldest son of a Scots peer, ineligible for a seat in Scotland, he was provided with an English seat in 1802 ‘under the peculiar protection of Mr Pitt’, by Pitt's sister's father-in-law, Lord Eliot.

As might have been expected, Binning followed Pitt's line in his first Parliament, voting with him for the orders of the day, 3 June 1803, against Addington, 7 Mar., 13 and 16 Apr. (though on 15 Mar. he did not divide on Pitt's motion on the navy) and also for Fox's and Pitt's defence motions which brought down Addington, 23 and 25 April 1804. He went on to support Pitt's second administration and voted against the censure of Melville, 8 Apr. 1805. He was on the committee which investigated the 11th naval report. After Pitt's death he was one of the Pittite group led by Canning, Sturges Bourne and George Rose which held fortnightly dinners at White's, and became a steward of the Pitt Club. He voted against the Grenville ministry on Ellenborough's seat in the cabinet, 3 March 1806, and against the repeal of Pitt's Additional Force Act, 30 April. On 26 June, he asked why Scotland was excluded from the training bill; on 3 July, when he was teller against the bill, he was put down by the lord advocate who asked him why he wished to extend to Scotland a bill that his fellow oppositionists had been abusing for weeks; but promised to bring in a separate bill for Scotland.

Binning found no seat in 1806, though his friend Huskisson reported that he wished Binning's father had allowed him to contest Dover, where he might have got in at modest expense. Melville secured an opening for him from Viscount Lowther on a vacancy at Cockermouth in January 1807: Melville had suggested that Binning might come in for Haslemere on the same interest instead of Viscount Garlies, when the latter succeeded to the title in November 1806, but Binning had to wait for the next vacancy. Cockermouth was only available to him for another year, so at the general election of 1807, he found another seat on Lord Clinton's interest at Callington, through their mutual uncle Francis Drake.

Family

Lord Haddington married Lady Maria Parker, heir of George Parker, 4th Earl of Macclesfield, in 1802. They had no surviving children and the Earl died in December 1858, aged 78. On his death the barony of Melros became extinct while he was succeeded in the remaining titles by his second cousin, George Baillie-Hamilton. Lady Haddington died in 1861. [1]

George Parker, 4th Earl of Macclesfield British politician

George Parker, 4th Earl of Macclesfield PC, styled Viscount Parker between 1764 and 1795, was a British peer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 177 and 1795.

George Baillie-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Haddington DL, known as George Baillie until 1858, was a Scottish Conservative politician.

In 1828 he commissioned William Burn to remodel the family seat of Tyninghame House, which passed with the earldom to Baillie-Hamilton.

William Burn Scottish architect

William Burn was a Scottish architect. A talented architect, he received major commissions from the age of 20 until his death at 81. He built in many styles and was a pioneer of the Scottish Baronial Revival.

Tyninghame House mansion in East Lothian, Scotland

Tyninghame House is a mansion in East Lothian, Scotland. It is located by the mouth of the River Tyne, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) east of Tyninghame, and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) west of Dunbar. There was a manor at Tyninghame in 1094, and it was later a property of the Lauder of The Bass family. In the 17th century it was sold to the Earl of Haddington. The present building dates from 1829 when the 9th Earl of Haddington employed William Burn to greatly enlarge the house in the Baronial style. In 1987 the contents of the house were sold, and the house was divided into flats.

Notes

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References

Barker, George Fisher Russell (1890). "Hamilton, Thomas (1780-1858)"  . In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography . 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Grey
Hon. William Eliot
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1802–1806
With: James Langham
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Yorke
Matthew Montagu
Preceded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
1807
With: James Graham
Succeeded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Preceded by
William Wickham
William Garrow
Member of Parliament for Callington
1807–1812
With: Thomas Carter 1807–1810
William Stephen Poyntz 1810–1812
Succeeded by
William Stephen Poyntz
Sir John Rogers, Bt
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny-Brereton
Hon. Edward Law
Member of Parliament for Mitchell (or St Michael's)
1814–1818
With: Hon. Edward Law
Succeeded by
Sir George Staunton, Bt
William Leake
Preceded by
James Barnett
Sir Thomas Thompson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Rochester
1818–1826
With: James Barnett 1818–1820
Ralph Bernal 1820–1826
Succeeded by
Ralph Bernal
Henry Dundas
Preceded by
Sir Peter Pole, Bt
Theodore Broadhead
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
1826–1827
With: Joseph Phillimore
Succeeded by
Joseph Phillimore
Thomas Wallace
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1834–1835
Succeeded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Preceded by
The Earl of Minto
First Lord of the Admiralty
1841–1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ellenborough
Preceded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Lord Privy Seal
1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Minto
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Hamilton
Earl of Haddington
1828–1858
Succeeded by
George Baillie-Hamilton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Melros
1827–1858
Title Extinct