Thomas Henry Wyatt
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer
|Born||9 May 1807|
Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon
|Died||5 August 1880 73) (aged|
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1873)|
Thomas Henry Wyatt (9 May 1807 – 5 August 1880) was an Anglo-Irish architect.He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870–73 and being awarded its Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873. His reputation during his lifetime was largely as a safe establishment figure, and critical assessment has been less favourable more recently, particularly in comparison with his younger brother, the better known Matthew Digby Wyatt.
Wyatt was born at Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon. His father was Matthew Wyatt (1773–1831) a barrister and police magistrate for Roscommon and Lambeth. Wyatt is presumed to have moved to Lambeth with his father in 1825 and then initially embarked on a career as a merchant sailing to the Mediterranean, particularly Malta.
He married his first cousin Arabella Montagu Wyatt (1807–1875). She was the second daughter of his uncle Arthur who was agent to the Duke of Beaufort. This consolidated his practice in Wales.
He lived at and practised from 77 Great Russell Street. He died there on 5 August 1880 leaving an estate of £30,000. He is buried at St Lawrence's Church, Weston Patrick.
The Wyatts had been a significant architectural dynasty across the eighteenth and nineteenth century.
Wyatt's early training was in the office of Philip Hardwick where he worked until 1832, and was involved in work on Goldsmiths Hall, Euston Station and the warehouses at St Katharine Docks.
He began practice on his own account in 1832 when he was appointed District Surveyor for Hackney (a post he held until 1861). By 1838 he had acquired substantial patronage from the Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Denbigh and Sidney Herbert and David Brandon joined him as partner. This partnership lasted until 1851.
Wyatt's son Matthew (1840–1892) became his father's partner in 1860.
Wyatt was appointed as consulting or honorary architect to a number of bodies including:
Wyatt worked in many styles ranging from the Italianate of Wilton through to the Gothic of many of his churches.
His practice was extensive with a large amount of work in Wiltshire largely as a result of his official position and the patronage of the Herbert family and in Monmouthshire through the Beaufort connection
This is a selective list of some of Wyatt's major works with some links to relevant information
|1839–40||Christ Church||Derry Hill|
|1843||St Mary||Codford St Mary|
|1843||St Mary and St Nicholas||Wilton|
|1843||Christ Church||Worton||with Brandon|
|1844||Holy Trinity||Dilton Marsh|
|1844||St John the Baptist||Horningsham||with Brandon, body of church|
|1841+||St Andrew||Newton Tony||with Brandon|
|1845||St Alfred the Great||Monkton Deverill||older tower|
|1846||St John the Evangelist||West Ashton|
|1847||All Saints||Westbury||alterations, west window|
|1840–50||St Nicholas||Cholderton||with Brandon|
|1849–50||St Martin||Salisbury||with Brandon, restoration|
|1854||All Saints||West Harnham|
|1854||All Saints||Burbage||south aisle 1876|
|1856||St Andrew||Littleton Drew|
|1860–61||St John||Bemerton||built for the Pembrokes of Wilton|
|1850–61||St Mary Magdalene||Woodborough||rebuilding|
|1861||St Katherine||Savernake Forest|
|1862||All Saints||Sutton Mandeville|
|1862||St Andrew||South Newton|
|1862||St Nicholas||North Bradley|
|1862–63||SS Peter & Paul||Marlborough|
|1864||St Nicholas||Little Langford|
|1866||Holy Trinity||Fonthill Gifford|
|1867–68||St Michael||Winterbourne Earls|
|1868||St Michael||Little Bedwyn||vestry and restoration|
|1878||St John the Baptist||Hindon|
|1879||All Saints||Fonthill Bishop|
|Rectory, St. Mary||Broughton Gifford|
|1856||Orchardleigh House||Nr Frome, Somerset|
The Hendre was built in 1837/9 near Monmouth for the Rolls family
Llantarnam Abbey was Wyatt's first (?) Monmouthshire house (1834–1835) for Reginald Blewitt. Large mansion in the Elizabethan style, built on a dissolution site. Once again an abbey, in possession of the Sisters of St. Joseph.
The Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth was renovated by Wyatt.
The Usk Sessions House was built in 1875–1877.
The Knightsbridge Barracks were built in 1878/9
Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, KG, PC was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1667, when he succeeded his father as 3rd Marquess of Worcester. He was styled Lord Herbert from 1644 until 3 April 1667. The Dukedom of Beaufort was bestowed upon him by King Charles II in 1682.
James Wyatt was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
Edward Blore was a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary.
The Hendre, in Rockfield is the only full-scale Victorian country house in the county of Monmouthshire, Wales. The ancestral estate of the Rolls family, it was the childhood home of Charles Rolls, the motoring and aviation pioneer and the co-founder of Rolls-Royce. Constructed in the Victorian Gothic style, the house was developed by three major architects, George Vaughan Maddox, Thomas Henry Wyatt and Sir Aston Webb. It is located in the civil parish of Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, some 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of the town of Monmouth. Built in the eighteenth century as a shooting box, it was vastly expanded by the Rolls family in three stages during the nineteenth century. The house is Grade II* listed and is now the clubhouse of the Rolls of Monmouth Golf Club.
Monmouth Boroughs was a parliamentary constituency consisting of several towns in Monmouthshire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliaments of England, Great Britain, and finally the United Kingdom; until 1832 the constituency was known simply as Monmouth, though it included other "contributory boroughs".
The Kymin,, is a hill overlooking Monmouth, in Monmouthshire, Wales. It is located approximately one mile east of Monmouth, on the eastern side of the River Wye and adjacent to the border with the Forest of Dean and England. The summit of the hill, about 800 feet above sea level, is known for its neo-classical monuments, the Roundhouse and the Naval Temple, built between 1794 and 1800. The site is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and is owned by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty.
John Prichard was a Welsh architect in the neo-Gothic style. As diocesan architect of Llandaff, he was involved in the building or restoration of many churches in south Wales.
Troy House is a Welsh historic house, on a "ducal" scale, north-east of Mitchel Troy, Monmouthshire. The original house belonged to Blanche Herbert, Lady Troy, of the Herbert family of Raglan Castle, who owned great estates in South Wales as Marquesses of Worcester and later Dukes of Beaufort. The present structure, overlooking the River Trothy was constructed from 1681 to 1684 as a wedding present for Charles Somerset by his father, Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort. Troy House is a Grade II* listed building.
The Church of St Thomas the Martyr at Overmonnow, Monmouth, south east Wales, is located beside the medieval Monnow Bridge across the River Monnow. At least part of the building dates from around 1180, and it has a fine 12th-century Norman chancel arch, though the exterior was largely rebuilt in the early 19th century. It is one of 24 buildings on the Monmouth Heritage Trail and is a Grade II* listed building.
John Etherington Welch Rolls was a High Sheriff of Monmouthshire, art collector, Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace. Rolls was President of, and co-founded the Monmouth Show.
George Vaughan Maddox was a nineteenth-century British architect and builder, whose work was undertaken principally in the town of Monmouth, Wales, and in the wider county. Working mainly in a Neo-Classical style, his extensive output made a significant contribution to the Monmouth townscape. The architectural historian John Newman writes that his buildings "give(.) Monmouth its particular architectural flavour. For two decades from the mid-1820s he put up a sequence of public buildings and private houses in the town, in a style deft, cultured, and only occasionally unresolved." The Market Hall and 1-6 Priory Street are considered Maddox's "most important projects".
Charles Heath was a printer and writer who became a leading radical in Monmouth. He was twice elected Mayor of Monmouth.
Cefntilla Court is a 19th-century country house in Llandenny, Monmouthshire, Wales, which was substantially rebuilt by Thomas Henry Wyatt for Richard Somerset, 2nd Baron Raglan. The house is a Grade II* listed building.
The Cross is situated in St Thomas' Square, Overmonnow, Monmouth, Wales, in the middle of a roundabout opposite the Church of St Thomas the Martyr and the western end of the Monnow Bridge. Originally mediaeval, and also known as Overmonnow Cross, the cross was reconstructed in 1888 and has been classed as a Grade II listed structure since 15 August 1974.
Charles Henry Crompton-Roberts was a British landowner and politician. He was briefly a Member of Parliament before his election was annulled in 1880, and was a substantial contributor to the amenities and community of Monmouth in Wales.
St Cadoc's Church, Raglan, Monmouthshire, south east Wales, is the parish church of the village of Raglan. The church is situated at a cross-roads in the centre of the village. Built originally by the Clare and Bluet families in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, it was rebuilt, and expanded by the Herbert's of Raglan Castle in the fifteenth century. In the nineteenth century, the church was subject to a major restoration by Thomas Henry Wyatt.
Thomas Prothero (1780–1853) was a Welsh lawyer and businessman, known as an opponent of John Frost and a mine owner.
St Paul's Church is a parish church of the Church in Wales located in Newport, South Wales in the Diocese of Monmouth. The church is a Grade II listed building.
William Baker of Audlem (1705–1771) was an architect, surveyor and building contractor, working in Shropshire and the adjacent counties in the middle years of the 18th century.
The Church of St Dingat in Dingestow, Monmouthshire, Wales, is a parish church dating from the 14th century. It is dedicated to Saint Dingat or Dingad, a 5th-century Welsh saint. The church was almost completely rebuilt by Thomas Henry Wyatt in 1846 and further renovated by Richard Creed in 1887–1888. It is an active parish church and a Grade II* listed building.