Thomas Henry Wyatt
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer
|Born||9 May 1807|
Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon
|Died||5 August 1880 73) (aged|
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1873)|
Thomas Henry Wyatt (9 May 1807 – 5 August 1880) was an Anglo-Irish architect.He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870–73 and being awarded its Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873. His reputation during his lifetime was largely as a safe establishment figure, and critical assessment has been less favourable more recently, particularly in comparison with his younger brother, the better known Matthew Digby Wyatt.
The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.
The Royal Gold Medal for architecture is awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects on behalf of the British monarch, in recognition of an individual's or group's substantial contribution to international architecture. It is given for a distinguished body of work rather than for one building, and is therefore not awarded for merely being currently fashionable.
Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt was a British architect and art historian who became Secretary of the Great Exhibition, Surveyor of the East India Company and the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Cambridge. From 1855 until 1859 he was honorary secretary of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and in 1866 received the Royal Gold Medal.
Wyatt was born at Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon. His father was Matthew Wyatt (1773–1831) a barrister and police magistrate for Roscommon and Lambeth. Wyatt is presumed to have moved to Lambeth with his father in 1825 and then initially embarked on a career as a merchant sailing to the Mediterranean, particularly Malta.
County Roscommon is a county in Ireland. In the western region, it is part of the province of Connacht. It is the 11th largest Irish county by area and 27th most populous. Its county town and largest town is Roscommon. Roscommon County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 64,544 according to the 2016 census.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia, and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. With a population of about 475,000 over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi), Malta is the world's tenth smallest and fifth most densely populated country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km². The official languages are Maltese and English, with Maltese officially recognised as the national language and the only Semitic language in the European Union.
He married his first cousin Arabella Montagu Wyatt (1807–1875). She was the second daughter of his uncle Arthur who was agent to the Duke of Beaufort. This consolidated his practice in Wales.
Duke of Beaufort, a title in the Peerage of England, was created by Charles II in 1682 for Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester, a descendant of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, legitimized son of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, a Lancastrian leader in the Wars of the Roses. The name Beaufort refers to a castle in Champagne, France. It is the only current dukedom to take its name from a place outside the British Isles.
He lived at and practised from 77 Great Russell Street. He died there on 5 August 1880 leaving an estate of £30,000. He is buried at St Lawrence's Church, Weston Patrick.
Great Russell Street is a street in Bloomsbury, London, best known for being the location of the British Museum. It runs between Tottenham Court Road in the west, and Southampton Row in the east. It is one-way only (eastbound) between its western origin at Tottenham Court Road and Bloomsbury Street.
St Lawrence's Church is an Anglican church in the village of Weston Patrick, Hampshire, England. It is a Grade II* listed building and stands on the eastern side of the village near its highest point. English Heritage calls it a "small-scale gem of English Gothic".
The Wyatts had been a significant architectural dynasty across the eighteenth and nineteenth century.
Wyatt's early training was in the office of Philip Hardwick where he worked until 1832, and was involved in work on Goldsmiths Hall, Euston Station and the warehouses at St Katharine Docks.
Philip Hardwick was an English architect, particularly associated with railway stations and warehouses in London and elsewhere. Hardwick is probably best known for London's demolished Euston Arch and its twin station, the original Birmingham Curzon Street, which stands today as the oldest railway terminus building in the world.
St Katharine Docks is a former dock and now a mixed-use development in Wapping in Central London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and within the East End. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, immediately downstream of the Tower of London and Tower Bridge. From 1828 to 1968 it was one of the commercial docks that made up the Port of London. It is in the redevelopment zone known as Docklands, and is now a popular housing and leisure complex.
He began practice on his own account in 1832 when he was appointed District Surveyor for Hackney (a post he held until 1861). By 1838 he had acquired substantial patronage from the Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Denbigh and Sidney Herbert and David Brandon joined him as partner. This partnership lasted until 1851.
Wyatt's son Matthew (1840–1892) became his father's partner in 1860.
Wyatt was appointed as consulting or honorary architect to a number of bodies including:
Wyatt worked in many styles ranging from the Italianate of Wilton through to the Gothic of many of his churches.
His practice was extensive with a large amount of work in Wiltshire largely as a result of his official position and the patronage of the Herbert family and in Monmouthshire through the Beaufort connection
This is a selective list of some of Wyatt's major works with some links to relevant information
|1839–40||Christ Church||Derry Hill|
|1843||St Mary||Codford St Mary|
|1843||St Mary and St Nicholas||Wilton|
|1843||Christ Church||Worton||with Brandon|
|1844||Holy Trinity||Dilton Marsh|
|1844||St John the Baptist||Horningsham||with Brandon, body of church|
|1841+||St Andrew||Newton Tony||with Brandon|
|1845||St Alfred the Great||Monkton Deverill||older tower|
|1846||St John the Evangelist||West Ashton|
|1847||All Saints||Westbury||alterations, west window|
|1840–50||St Nicholas||Cholderton||with Brandon|
|1849–50||St Martin||Salisbury||with Brandon, restoration|
|1854||All Saints||West Harnham|
|1854||All Saints||Burbage||south aisle 1876|
|1856||St Andrew||Littleton Drew|
|1860–61||St John||Bemerton||built for the Pembrokes of Wilton|
|1850–61||St Mary Magdalene||Woodborough||rebuilding|
|1861||St Katherine||Savernake Forest|
|1862||All Saints||Sutton Mandeville|
|1862||St Andrew||South Newton|
|1862||St Nicholas||North Bradley|
|1862–63||SS Peter & Paul||Marlborough|
|1864||St Nicholas||Little Langford|
|1866||Holy Trinity||Fonthill Gifford|
|1867–68||St Michael||Winterbourne Earls|
|1868||St Michael||Little Bedwyn||vestry and restoration|
|1878||St John the Baptist||Hindon|
|1879||All Saints||Fonthill Bishop|
|Rectory, St. Mary||Broughton Gifford|
|1856||Orchardleigh House||Nr Frome, Somerset|
The Hendre was built in 1837/9 near Monmouth for the Rolls family
Llantarnam Abbey was Wyatt's first (?) Monmouthshire house (1834–1835) for Reginald Blewitt. Large mansion in the Elizabethan style, built on a dissolution site. Once again an abbey, in possession of the Sisters of St. Joseph.
The Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth was renovated by Wyatt.
The Usk Sessions House was built in 1875–1877.
The Knightsbridge Barracks were built in 1878/9
Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, KG, PC was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1667, when he succeeded his father as 3rd Marquess of Worcester. He was styled Lord Herbert from 1644 until 3 April 1667. The Dukedom of Beaufort was bestowed upon him by King Charles II in 1682.
James Wyatt was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
Edward Welby Pugin was an English architect, the eldest son of architect Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin and Louisa Barton. His father was a famous architect and designer of Neo-Gothic architecture, and after his death in 1852 Edward took up his successful practice. At the time of his own early death in 1875, Pugin had designed and completed more than one hundred Catholic churches.
The Hendre,, Rockfield, Monmouthshire is the county's only full-scale Victorian country house. The ancestral estate of the Rolls family, it was the childhood home of Charles Stewart Rolls, the motoring and aviation pioneer and co-founder of Rolls-Royce. Constructed in the Victorian Gothic style, the house was developed by three major architects, George Vaughan Maddox, Thomas Henry Wyatt and Sir Aston Webb. It is located in the parish of Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, some 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of the town of Monmouth. Built in the eighteenth century as a shooting box, it was vastly expanded by the Rolls family in three stages throughout the nineteenth century. The house is Grade II* Listed and is now the clubhouse of the Rolls of Monmouth Golf Club.
Monmouth Boroughs was a parliamentary constituency consisting of several towns in Monmouthshire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliaments of England, Great Britain, and finally the United Kingdom; until 1832 the constituency was known simply as Monmouth, though it included other "contributory boroughs".
The Wyatt family included several of the major English architects across the 18th and 19th centuries.
John Prichard was a Welsh architect in the neo-Gothic style. As diocesan architect of Llandaff, he was involved in the building or restoration of many churches in south Wales.
Archibald Matthias Dunn FRIBA, JP, was, with his partner Edward Joseph Hansom, among the foremost Catholic architects in North East England during the Victorian era.
The Church of St Thomas the Martyr at Overmonnow, Monmouth, south east Wales, is located beside the medieval Monnow Bridge across the River Monnow. At least part of the building dates from around 1180, and it has a fine 12th-century Norman chancel arch, though the exterior was largely rebuilt in the early 19th century. It is one of 24 buildings on the Monmouth Heritage Trail and is a Grade II* listed building.
John Etherington Welch Rolls was a High Sheriff of Monmouthshire, art collector, Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace. Rolls was President of, and co-founded the Monmouth Show.
George Vaughan Maddox was a nineteenth-century British architect and builder, whose work was undertaken principally in the town of Monmouth, Wales, and in the wider county. Working mainly in a Neo-Classical style, his extensive output made a significant contribution to the Monmouth townscape. The architectural historian John Newman writes that his buildings "give(.) Monmouth its particular architectural flavour. For two decades from the mid-1820s he put up a sequence of public buildings and private houses in the town, in a style deft, cultured, and only occasionally unresolved." The Market Hall and 1-6 Priory Street are considered Maddox's "most important projects".
Charles Heath was a printer and writer who became a leading radical in Monmouth. He was twice elected Mayor of Monmouth.
Cefntilla Court is a 19th-century country house in Llandenny, Monmouthshire, Wales, which was substantially rebuilt by Thomas Henry Wyatt for Richard Somerset, 2nd Baron Raglan. The house is a Grade II* listed building.
The Cross is situated in St Thomas' Square, Overmonnow, Monmouth, Wales, in the middle of a roundabout opposite the Church of St Thomas the Martyr and the western end of the Monnow Bridge. Originally mediaeval, and also known as Overmonnow Cross, the cross was reconstructed in 1888 and has been classed as a Grade II listed structure since 15 August 1974.
Charles Henry Crompton-Roberts was a British landowner and politician. He was briefly a Member of Parliament before his election was annulled in 1880, and was a substantial contributor to the amenities and community of Monmouth in Wales.
St Cadoc's Church, Raglan, Monmouthshire, south east Wales, is the parish church of the village of Raglan. The church is situated at a cross-roads in the centre of the village. Built originally by the Clare and Bluet families in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, it was rebuilt, and expanded by the Herbert's of Raglan Castle in the fifteenth century. In the nineteenth century, the church was subject to a major restoration by Thomas Henry Wyatt.
Thomas Prothero (1780–1853) was a Welsh lawyer and businessman, known as an opponent of John Frost and a mine owner.
St Paul's Church is a parish church of the Church in Wales located in Newport, South Wales in the Diocese of Monmouth. The church is a Grade II listed building.
William Baker of Audlem (1705–1771) was an architect, surveyor and building contractor, working in Shropshire and the adjacent counties in the middle years of the 18th century.
The Church of St Dingat in Dingestow, Monmouthshire, Wales, is a parish church dating from the 14th century. It is dedicated to Saint Dingat or Dingad, a 5th-century Welsh saint. The church was almost completely rebuilt by Thomas Henry Wyatt in 1846 and further renovated by Richard Creed in 1887–1888. It is an active parish church and a Grade II* listed building.