Thomas Henry Wyatt

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Thomas Henry Wyatt
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer.jpg
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer [1]
Born(1807-05-09)9 May 1807
Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon
Died5 August 1880(1880-08-05) (aged 73)
London
NationalityBritish
OccupationArchitect
Awards Royal Gold Medal (1873)

Thomas Henry Wyatt (9 May 1807 – 5 August 1880) was an Anglo-Irish architect. [2] He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870–73 [3] and being awarded its Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873. [4] His reputation during his lifetime was largely as a safe establishment figure, and critical assessment has been less favourable more recently, particularly in comparison with his younger brother, the better known Matthew Digby Wyatt.

Royal Institute of British Architects professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

Royal Gold Medal Royal Institute of British Architects award

The Royal Gold Medal for architecture is awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects on behalf of the British monarch, in recognition of an individual's or group's substantial contribution to international architecture. It is given for a distinguished body of work rather than for one building, and is therefore not awarded for merely being currently fashionable.

Matthew Digby Wyatt British architect and art historian

Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt was a British architect and art historian who became Secretary of the Great Exhibition, Surveyor of the East India Company and the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Cambridge. From 1855 until 1859 he was honorary secretary of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and in 1866 received the Royal Gold Medal.

Contents

Personal and family life

Wyatt was born at Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon. His father was Matthew Wyatt (1773–1831) a barrister and police magistrate for Roscommon and Lambeth. Wyatt is presumed to have moved to Lambeth with his father in 1825 and then initially embarked on a career as a merchant sailing to the Mediterranean, particularly Malta.

County Roscommon County in the Republic of Ireland

County Roscommon is a county in Ireland. In the western region, it is part of the province of Connacht. It is the 11th largest Irish county by area and 27th most populous. Its county town and largest town is Roscommon. Roscommon County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 64,544 according to the 2016 census.

Malta island republic in Europe

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia, and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. With a population of about 475,000 over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi), Malta is the world's tenth smallest and fifth most densely populated country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km². The official languages are Maltese and English, with Maltese officially recognised as the national language and the only Semitic language in the European Union.

He married his first cousin Arabella Montagu Wyatt (1807–1875). She was the second daughter of his uncle Arthur who was agent to the Duke of Beaufort. This consolidated his practice in Wales. [5]

Duke of Beaufort title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

Duke of Beaufort, a title in the Peerage of England, was created by Charles II in 1682 for Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester, a descendant of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, legitimized son of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, a Lancastrian leader in the Wars of the Roses. The name Beaufort refers to a castle in Champagne, France. It is the only current dukedom to take its name from a place outside the British Isles.

He lived at and practised from 77 Great Russell Street. He died there on 5 August 1880 leaving an estate of £30,000. He is buried at St Lawrence's Church, Weston Patrick.

Great Russell Street street in the London Borough of Camden

Great Russell Street is a street in Bloomsbury, London, best known for being the location of the British Museum. It runs between Tottenham Court Road in the west, and Southampton Row in the east. It is one-way only (eastbound) between its western origin at Tottenham Court Road and Bloomsbury Street.

St Lawrences Church, Weston Patrick Church in Hampshire, England

St Lawrence's Church is an Anglican church in the village of Weston Patrick, Hampshire, England. It is a Grade II* listed building and stands on the eastern side of the village near its highest point. English Heritage calls it a "small-scale gem of English Gothic".

The Wyatts had been a significant architectural dynasty across the eighteenth and nineteenth century.

Career

Training

Wyatt's early training was in the office of Philip Hardwick where he worked until 1832, and was involved in work on Goldsmiths Hall, Euston Station and the warehouses at St Katharine Docks.

Philip Hardwick English architect

Philip Hardwick was an English architect, particularly associated with railway stations and warehouses in London and elsewhere. Hardwick is probably best known for London's demolished Euston Arch and its twin station, the original Birmingham Curzon Street, which stands today as the oldest railway terminus building in the world.

St Katharine Docks docks in the East End of London

St Katharine Docks is a former dock and now a mixed-use development in Wapping in Central London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and within the East End. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, immediately downstream of the Tower of London and Tower Bridge. From 1828 to 1968 it was one of the commercial docks that made up the Port of London. It is in the redevelopment zone known as Docklands, and is now a popular housing and leisure complex.

Practice

He began practice on his own account in 1832 when he was appointed District Surveyor for Hackney (a post he held until 1861). By 1838 he had acquired substantial patronage from the Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Denbigh and Sidney Herbert and David Brandon joined him as partner. This partnership lasted until 1851.

Wyatt's son Matthew (1840–1892) became his father's partner in 1860.

Positions

Wyatt was appointed as consulting or honorary architect to a number of bodies including:

Architectural works

Wyatt worked in many styles ranging from the Italianate of Wilton through to the Gothic of many of his churches.

His practice was extensive with a large amount of work in Wiltshire largely as a result of his official position and the patronage of the Herbert family and in Monmouthshire through the Beaufort connection

Wiltshire

This is a selective list of some of Wyatt's major works with some links to relevant information

Churches

DateNameLocationNotes
1836–38Christchurch Shaw since rebuilt
1839–40Christ Church Derry Hill
1843St Mary Codford St Mary
1843St Mary and St Nicholas Wilton
1843Holy Trinity Crockerton
1843Christ Church Worton with Brandon
1844Holy Trinity Dilton Marsh
1844St John the Baptist Horningsham with Brandon, body of church
1841+St Andrew Newton Tony with Brandon
1845All Saints Woodford
1845St Mary Chittoe
1845St Alfred the Great Monkton Deverill older tower
1846St John the Evangelist West Ashton
1847All Saints Westbury alterations, west window
1840–50St Nicholas Cholderton with Brandon
1849–50 St Martin Salisbury with Brandon, restoration
1851Christchurch Cadley
1851All Saints Charlton-All-Saints
1852St Michael Hilperton
1854All Saints West Harnham
1854All Saints Burbage south aisle 1876
1854–55St Andrew Nunton
1855St Mary Shrewton
1851–53 St Paul's Salisbury
1856St Andrew Littleton Drew
1858St Andrew Laverstock
1860–61St John Bemerton built for the Pembrokes of Wilton
1860St Mary Boyton restoration
1850–61St Mary Magdalene Woodborough rebuilding
1861St Katherine Savernake Forest
1862All Saints Sutton Mandeville
1862St Andrew South Newton
1862St Nicholas North Bradley
1862–63SS Peter & Paul Marlborough
1863All Saints Chitterne
1863–64St Giles Wishford
1864St Nicholas Little Langford
1866All Saints Winterslow
1866St Mary Alvediston
1866Holy Trinity Fonthill Gifford
1867–68St Michael Winterbourne Earls
1868St Michael Little Bedwyn vestry and restoration
1871Christchurch Warminster
1875St Mary Upavon
1875St Leonard Semley
1878St John the Baptist Hindon
1879All Saints Fonthill Bishop

Houses

DateNameLocationNotes

1848

Rectory, St. Mary Broughton Gifford
1856 Orchardleigh House Nr Frome, Somerset

Public buildings

DateNameLocationNotes
1835Assize Courts Devizes
1851 Roundway Hospital Devizes

Monmouthshire

The Hendre

The Hendre was built in 1837/9 near Monmouth for the Rolls family

Llantarnam Abbey

Llantarnam Abbey was Wyatt's first (?) Monmouthshire house (1834–1835) for Reginald Blewitt. Large mansion in the Elizabethan style, built on a dissolution site. Once again an abbey, in possession of the Sisters of St. Joseph.

Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth

The Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth was renovated by Wyatt. [6]

Usk Sessions House

The Usk Sessions House was built in 1875–1877.

Other

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

London

Knightsbridge Barracks

The Knightsbridge Barracks were built in 1878/9

Other

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Somerset

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Cambridgeshire

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther
  • 1872 St John, March
  • 1880 St Peters Church, High Street, March
  • 1872 St. Mary-in-the-Fen, Westry
  • 1872 St. Peter, Wimblington

Lancashire including Liverpool

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther
  • 1875 St Michael, Dalton
  • 1867 Exchange, Liverpool

Glamorgan and rest of Wales

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther
  • 1838 Glyntaff, Newbridge
  • 1851/2 ???? Merthyr Tydfil
  • 1855/6 Glanogwen, Llanllechid, Caernarfonshire
Hensol Castle

Herefordshire

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Hampshire

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Gloucestershire

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Elsewhere

ChurchesHousesPublic BuildingsOther

Bibliography

See also

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References

  1. Thomas Henry Wyatt, National Portrait Gallery, London, accessed 8 September 2009
  2. Obituary in Builderget proper citation
  3. APSD entry
  4. List provided by RIBA
  5. Thomas Henry Wyatt, DSA Architect Biography Report, accessed December 2011
  6. "History of St Thomas the Martyr". Monmouth Parishes. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
  7. Pevsner & Sherwood, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974, p. 847