Thomas Holt (Australian politician)

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Thomas Holt
Thomas Holt.jpg
Colonial Treasurer of New South Wales
In office
6 June 1856 25 August 1856
Preceded byNew Position
Succeeded by Robert Campbell
Constituency Stanley Boroughs
Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
for Stanley Boroughs
In office
7 April 1856 6 June 1856
In office
23 June 1856 19 December 1857
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded by Benjamin Cribb
Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
for Newtown
In office
12 July 1861 10 November 1864
Preceded by Alexander McArthur
Succeeded by Stephen Brown
Member of Legislative Council of New South Wales
In office
13 October 1868 6 December 1883
Personal details
Born
Thomas Holt

(1811-11-14)14 November 1811
Horbury, Yorkshire, England
Died5 September 1888(1888-09-05) (aged 76)
Bexley, Kent, England
Resting place Abney Park Cemetery
Nationality English Australian
Spouse(s)Sophie Eulert (m.1841)
Occupation Pastoralist

Thomas Holt (14 November 1811 – 5 September 1888) was an Australian pastoralist, company director and politician. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council between 1868 and 1883. He was also a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for two periods between 1856 and 1857 and again between 1861 and 1864. [1] Holt was the first Colonial Treasurer in New South Wales. [2]

New South Wales Legislative Council Upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

New South Wales Legislative Assembly one of the two chambers of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state. The upper house is the New South Wales Legislative Council. Both the Assembly and Council sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. The Assembly is presided over by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

Contents

Early life

Holt was the son of a Yorkshire wool merchant and was educated in Wakefield. He initially worked in his father's firm in Leeds but after 3 years became a wool buyer in London. Subsequently, Holt emigrated to Sydney in 1842 and made a fortune as a wool merchant. He was also a director of numerous colonial companies including the Sydney Railway Company. Holt invested extensively in pastoral land and by 1860 had acquired more than 3 million acres (12,000 km2) in New South Wales and Queensland. As a result, he was independently wealthy and retired from active business in 1855. [2]

Wakefield city in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield is a cathedral city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.

Leeds City in England

Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city. It also has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural, financial and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, and has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy.

After building a gothic stone mansion, "The Warren", on land overlooking the Cooks River in Marrickville, Holt stocked the grounds with imported European rabbits for breeding and hunting, alpacas, llamas and salmon. Holt also had an extensive estate in the Sans Souci area of Sydney. In later life he was a founder of Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, a member of the Royal Society of New South Wales and a patron of the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales. [2]

Cooks River river in New South Wales, Australia

The Cooks River, a semi-mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary, is a tributary of Botany Bay, located in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Marrickville, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Marrickville is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Marrickville is located 7 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district and is the largest suburb in the Inner West Council local government area.

Sans Souci, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sans Souci is a southern Sydney suburb in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Sans Souci is 17 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and lies across the local government areas of the Bayside Council and the Georges River Council. It is part of the St George area.

Colonial Parliament

Holt was unsuccessful at two attempts to enter the Legislative Council prior to the establishment of responsible self-government in 1856. However, at the first election under the new constitution he was elected to the Legislative Assembly as one of the two members for Stanley Boroughs (including Brisbane and Ipswich) which, prior to the establishment of Queensland as a separate colony in 1859, was part of New South Wales. At the next election in 1858, Holt was defeated in an attempt to transfer to the seat of Cumberland (South Riding). He re-entered the Assembly as the member for Newtown at an 1861 by-election caused by the resignation of Alexander McArthur but resigned from the seat before the next election in 1864–65. In 1868 he accepted a life appointment to the Legislative Council.

The 1856 New South Wales colonial election was held between 11 March and 19 April 1856. This election was for all of the 54 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and it was conducted in 18 single-member constituencies, 13 2-member constituencies, two 3-member constituencies and one 4-member constituency, all with a first past the post system.

Stanley Boroughs was an electoral district for the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales created in 1856 election, named after the County of Stanley and including the towns of North Brisbane, South Brisbane, Kangaroo Point and Ipswich. The surrounding rural parts of the County of Stanley were in Stanley County. It was abolished in 1859 and replaced with Brisbane and Ipswich.

Ipswich, Queensland Suburb of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia

Ipswich is an urban region in south-east Queensland, Australia, which is located in the south-west of the Brisbane metropolitan area. Situated on the Bremer River, it is approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the Brisbane CBD. A local government area, the City of Ipswich has a population of 200,000. The city is renowned for its architectural, natural and cultural heritage. Ipswich preserves and operates from many of its historical buildings, with more than 6000 heritage-listed sites and over 500 parks. Ipswich began in 1827 as a mining settlement.

Holt was a supporter of free-trade and had a liberal political philosophy. Throughout his political career he campaigned for education, gaol and immigration reform and spent a small fortune supporting Henry Parkes' "Empire" newspaper. An active Congregationalist, in 1864 he gave half the value of his residence, Camden Villa, towards the founding of Camden College (Congregational Church school).

Henry Parkes Australian Statesman and Politician

Sir Henry Parkes, was a colonial Australian politician and longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales, the present-day state of New South Wales in the Commonwealth of Australia. He has been referred to as the "Father of Federation" due to his early promotion for the federation of the six colonies of Australia, as an early critic of British convict transportation and as a proponent for the expansion of the Australian continental rail network.

<i>Empire</i> (newspaper) 19th century newspaper published in Sydney, Australia

The Empire was a newspaper published in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was published from 28 December 1850 to 14 February 1875, except for the period from 28 August 1858 to 23 May 1859, when publication was suspended. It was later absorbed by The Evening News.

Camden College was an independent, Congregational Union of Australia, day and boarding school for boys from 1864 until 1877 and theological college for the training of Christian ministers from 1864 until 1974.

Government

Holt was New South Wales' inaugural Colonial Treasurer in the liberal government of Stuart Donaldson. He held this position for 81 days.

Stuart Donaldson New South Wales politician and Premier

Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson was the first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales.

Later life

In 1881 Thomas went back to England where he devoted himself to the poor of London, working with The Salvation Army, the Rev Andrew Mearns (author of 'The Bitter Cry of Outcast London: an inquiry into the abject poor'), and Dr Barnardo. He died at his home "Halcot" in Bexley, Kent, on 5 September, after completing his book, 'Christianity, or the Poor Man's Friend'; and was buried at Abney Park Cemetery. [2]

Legacy

The Thomas Holt Retirement Villages in the south of Sydney are named after him. [3]

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References

  1. "Mr Thomas Holt (1811-1888)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Geeves, Philip. "Holt, Thomas (1811–1888)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  3. Thomas Holt Villages web site
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
First election
Member for Stanley Boroughs
1856 1857
Served alongside: Richardson
Succeeded by
Benjamin Cribb
Preceded by
Alexander McArthur
Member for Newtown
1861 1864
Succeeded by
Stephen Campbell
Political offices
Preceded by
Position created
Colonial Treasurer
1856
Succeeded by
Robert Campbell