Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk

Last updated

The Duke in 1725, by Richard von Bleeck Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk.jpg
The Duke in 1725, by Richard von Bleeck

Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal (11 December 1683 23 December 1732) was an English peer and politician. He was the son of Lord Thomas Howard and Mary Elizabeth Savile. Upon the death of his uncle Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk, he inherited the titles of 17th Baron Furnivall and 8th Duke of Norfolk. He married Maria Shireburn, daughter of Sir Nicholas Shireburn, 1st and last Bt., of Stonyhurst Hall, on 26 May 1709, when she was age 16 and a half, with a fortune of more than £30,000. [1] [2]

Earl Marshal hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom

Earl Marshal is a hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom used in England. He is the eighth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking above the Lord High Constable and beneath the Lord High Admiral.

Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk English duke

Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk, KG PC Earl Marshal was an English nobleman, politician, and soldier. He was the son of Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk and Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester and Elizabeth Dormer. He was summoned to the House of Lords in his own right as Baron Mowbray in 1678. His unhappy marriage was a subject of much gossip, and ended in divorce.

Baron Furnivall is an ancient title in the Peerage of England. It was originally created when Thomas de Furnivall was summoned to the Model Parliament on 24 June 1295 as Lord Furnivall. The barony eventually passed to Thomas Nevill, who had married the first baron's descendant Joan de Furnivall, and he was summoned to parliament in her right. Their daughter, Maud de Neville, married John Talbot, who was also summoned to parliament in her right. He was later created Earl of Shrewsbury. On the death of the seventh earl in 1616, the barony fell into abeyance. The abeyance was terminated naturally in favour of the earl's daughter Alethea Howard in 1651 and passed through her to the Dukes of Norfolk. On the death of the ninth Duke in 1777, the barony again fell into abeyance. In 1913 the abeyance was terminated again in favour of Mary Frances Katherine Petre, daughter of Bernard Petre, 14th Baron Petre. Through her father she was a great-great-great-granddaughter of the ninth Baron Petre and his first wife Anne Howard, niece of the ninth Duke of Norfolk, who became co-heir to the Barony on her uncle's death in 1777. On Lady Furnivall's death in 1968 the barony fell into abeyance for the third time.

At the time of the Jacobite Rising of 1715 he used his influence to secure the acquittal of his brother Edward on the charge of high treason. [3] The Duke himself was arrested on 29 October 1722 under suspicion of involvement in a Jacobite plot, and was imprisoned in the Tower of London. His wife, refused permission to visit, prevailed upon the Earl of Carlisle to act as surety for his bail in May 1723. [3] Howard was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England from 1729-30. [3]

Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal was a British peer and politician.

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism was the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement was named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

Tower of London A historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078 and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 until 1952, although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard I, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

His marriage is said to have been unhappy, and his wife, a staunch Catholic and Jacobite, separated from him when he—in her words—"truckled to the Usurper". [4]

The Duke died childless on 23 December 1732 at age 49. Upon his death, the title passed to his brother Edward. [1] [2]

Related Research Articles

Earl of Arundel Oldest extant English peerage

Earl of Arundel is an earldom and the oldest extant peerage in the Peerage of England. It is currently held by the Duke of Norfolk, and is used by his heir apparent as a courtesy title. It was created c. 1138 for the Norman baron Sir William d'Aubigny. Its origin was the earlier grant by Henry I to his second wife Adeliza of the forfeited "honour" of Arundel, which included the castle and a large portion of Sussex. After his death she married William, who thus became master of the lands, and who from about the year 1141 is variously styled earl of Sussex, of Chichester, or of Arundel. His first known appearance as earl is at Christmas 1141. Until the mid-13th century, the earls were also frequently known as Earl of Sussex, until this title fell into disuse. At about the same time, the earldom fell to the originally Breton FitzAlan Family, a younger branch of which went on to become the Stuart Family, which later ruled Scotland.

The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain.

Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch 18th/19th-century Scottish noble

Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th Duke of Queensberry KG KT FRSE was a Scottish nobleman and long-time friend of Sir Walter Scott. He is the paternal 3rd great-grandfather of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal 4th great-grandfather of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.

<i>The Complete Peerage</i> set of books by G. E. Cokayne and others

The Complete Peerage is a comprehensive and magisterial work on the titled aristocracy of the British Isles.

Walter Aston, 8th Lord Aston of Forfar British noble

Walter Aston, 8th Lord Aston of Forfar was the son of Edward Aston and Anne Bayley.

William Nevill, de facto 16th Baron Bergavenny, was an English peer who held office in the British Royal Household and built a country mansion.

Edward Brooke, 6th Baron Cobham was a late medieval aristocrat.

Margaret de Audley,suo jure2nd Baroness Audley and Countess of Stafford was an English noblewoman. She was the only daughter of Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester, by his wife Lady Margaret de Clare. Her mother was the daughter of Joan of Acre, Princess of England; thus making Margaret a great-granddaughter of King Edward I by his first consort, Eleanor of Castile. As the only daughter and heiress of her father, she succeeded to the title of 2nd Baroness Audley [E., 1317] on 10 November 1347.

Mary Somerset, Baroness Grey de Wilton was born in 1497 to Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester and his second wife, Elizabeth West, daughter of Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr and Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Sir Hugh Mortimer of Mortimer's Hall.

William Craven, 5th Earl of Craven 5th Earl of Craven

William George Bradley Craven, 5th Earl of Craven was a British peer.

Thomas Burgh, 3rd Baron Burgh English noble

Thomas Burgh, 3rd Baron Burgh KG 3rd Baron Borough of Gainsborough, de jure7th Baron Strabolgi and 9th Baron Cobham of Sterborough was the son of William Burgh, 2nd Baron Burgh and Lady Katherine Clinton, daughter of Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln and Elizabeth Blount, former mistress of King Henry VIII. He was one of the peers who conducted the trial of the Duke of Norfolk in 1572.

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass English nobleman in the Peerage of Ireland

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass was an English nobleman, son of Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell of Oakham and second wife Frances Rugge, also known as Repps.

Maria Winifreda Francisca Howard, Duchess of Norfolk was an English noblewoman and the wife of Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk.

Geoffrey Talbot was an Anglo-Norman nobleman in medieval England.

William Tatton

William Tatton (1659–1736) was a career soldier in the British Army who rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General.

Warin de Munchensy was a Anglo-Norman nobleman in 12th century England.

Frances Mackenzie, Countess of Seaforth, was a Welsh-born Scottish noblewoman and wife of Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth.

Elizabeth Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch 1743 - 1827

Elizabeth Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch, formerly Lady Elizabeth Montagu, was the wife of Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch.

Anne Lennox, Duchess of Richmond, formerly Anne Brudenell, was the wife of two English noblement: first, Henry Belasyse, 2nd Baron Belasyse of Worlaby, and second, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond. She was the mother of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond.

Anne Russell, Duchess of Bedford

Anne Russell, Duchess of Bedford, formerly Lady Anne Egerton, was the wife of Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, and, following his death, of William Villiers, 3rd Earl of Jersey. She was the mother of the 4th Earl of Jersey.

References

  1. 1 2 Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. IX. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. pp. 630–1. ISBN   0-904387-82-8.
  2. 1 2 Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 2908. ISBN   0-9711966-2-1.
  3. 1 2 3 Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. IX. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. p. 631, footnote (a). ISBN   0-904387-82-8.
  4. Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. IX. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. p. 631, footnote (b). ISBN   0-904387-82-8.

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
17011732
Succeeded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Kingston
Grand Master of the Premier
Grand Lodge of England

17301731
Succeeded by
The Lord Lovel
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Howard
Duke of Norfolk
17011732
Succeeded by
Edward Howard