Thomas J. B. Robinson

Last updated
Thomas J. B. Robinson
ThomasJBRobinson.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Iowa's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1923 March 4, 1933
Preceded by Burton E. Sweet
Succeeded by Albert C. Willford
Personal details
Born
Thomas John Bright Robinson

(1868-08-12)August 12, 1868
New Diggings, Wisconsin, U.S.
DiedJanuary 27, 1958(1958-01-27) (aged 89)
Hampton, Iowa, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Occupationbanker

Thomas John Bright Robinson (August 12, 1868 – January 27, 1958) was a Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district. Elected in an era in which Republicans held every Iowa U.S. House seat, Robinson served five terms before losing in the 1932 general election.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

Iowas 3rd congressional district congressional district in the U.S. state of Iowa

Iowa's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Iowa that covers its southwest quadrant, roughly an area including Des Moines to the borders with Nebraska and Missouri.

Born in New Diggings, Wisconsin, Robinson moved with his parents to Hampton, Iowa, in 1870. He attended the public schools and the Hampton High School. A farmer, Robinson also served as president of the Citizens National Bank of Hampton from 1907 to 1923, as a member of the Hampton Board of Education, and on the board of trustees of Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa.

New Diggings, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

New Diggings is a town in Lafayette County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 502 at the 2010 census, up from 473 in 2000. The unincorporated communities of Etna, Lead Mine, and New Diggings are located in the town.

Hampton, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

Hampton is a city in Franklin County, Iowa, United States. The population was 4,461 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Franklin County.

Mount Vernon, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

Mount Vernon is a city in Linn County, Iowa, United States, adjacent to the city of Lisbon. The city's population was 3,390 when the 2000 census figures were released, but that number was later revised to 3,808 because the Census Bureau had incorrectly reported that 418 residents of a Cornell College dormitory in Mount Vernon lived in the nearby city of Bertram. A special census taken by the city in 2004 counted 4,171 residents. The population was 4,506 at the 2010 census. Mount Vernon is part of the Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Robinson was elected to one four-year term in the Iowa Senate in 1912, and served as delegate to many Republican State conventions.

Iowa Senate upper chamber of the Iowa state legislature

The Iowa Senate is the upper house of the Iowa General Assembly, United States. There are 50 seats in the Iowa Senate, representing 50 single-member districts across the state of Iowa with populations of approximately 60,927 per constituency, as of the 2010 United States Census. Each Senate district is composed of two House districts. The Senate meets at the Iowa State Capitol in Des Moines.

In 1922, Robinson was elected as a Republican to represent Iowa's 3rd congressional district in the U.S. House. During the 1920s, no Democrat was elected to any of Iowa's U.S. House seats, and every incumbent Republican congressman from Iowa who was renominated by their party was elected in the November general election. However, in 1932, the Roosevelt landslide carried many Democrats into the House, and the former Republican majority lost 101 seats. Running for a sixth consecutive term, Robinson lost a close race to Albert C. Willford. Robinson had served in the Sixty-eighth and the four succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1923 to March 3, 1933.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Albert Clinton Willford was a Democratic U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district and supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal." He was elected in 1932, defeated in 1934, and failed to regain his seat in 1936.

68th United States Congress

The Sixty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923, to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of the administration of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Returning to Iowa, Robinson engaged in the real estate and investment business. He died in Hampton on January 27, 1958, and was interred in Hampton Cemetery.

Related Research Articles

72nd United States Congress 1931–1933 U.S. Congress

The Seventy-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1931, to March 4, 1933, during the last two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Republican majority. The House started with a very slim Republican majority, but by the time it first met in December 1931, the Democrats had gained a majority through special elections.

Thomas Updegraff American politician

Thomas Updegraff was an attorney and five-term Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from northeastern Iowa. His two periods of service were separated by ten years out of Congress.

Alva Lysander Hager was a three-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 9th congressional district in the 1890s.

Burton E. Sweet American politician

Burton Erwin Sweet was a four-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district, then a wide but short chain of counties in north-central and northeastern Iowa, in the shape of a monkey wrench.

Charles Edgar Pickett was a two-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district.

Earl W. Vincent was a Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 9th congressional district in 1928-29, a delegate to the Republican State convention in 1930, and was appointed judge of the fifth judicial district of Iowa in February 1945.

Ed Hoyt Campbell was the last U.S. Representative from Iowa's 11th congressional district. When Iowa lost two seats in Congress due to the 1930 census, Campbell's district was renumbered but its boundaries were left intact. In the Roosevelt landslide of 1932, he failed to win re-election.

Fred C. Gilchrist American politician

Fred Cramer Gilchrist was a seven-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa, from 1931 to 1945.

Henry O. Talle American politician

Henry Oscar Talle was an economics professor and a ten-term Republican U.S. Representative from eastern Iowa. He served in the United States Congress for twenty years from 1939 until 1959.

Hiram Kinsman Evans served part of one term as a Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 8th congressional district.

Hubert Utterback American judge

Hubert Utterback served very briefly on the Iowa Supreme Court, then was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives, serving only one term.

John R. Hansen American politician

John Robert Hansen served one term, from January 3, 1965 to January 3, 1967, as a Democratic U.S. Representative from Iowa. He and Tom Harkin are the only two Democrats to have represented southwestern Iowa in the U.S. House since the end of the Great Depression.

John Taylor Hamilton Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

John Taylor Hamilton was a businessman from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and a one-term Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Iowa's 5th congressional district.

John W. Gwynne American politician

John Williams Gwynne was a seven-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district, and a Federal Trade Commission member and chairman during the Eisenhower Administration.

Nathan Edward Kendall was an American Republican politician. Kendall was a two-term U.S. Representative from Iowa's 6th congressional district and the 23rd Governor of Iowa.

T. Cooper Evans American politician

Thomas Cooper "Cooper" Evans was a three-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district. First elected to Congress in a close race amidst a Republican landslide, in a district that became less Republican through reapportionment, Evans defied expectations by winning re-election by increasingly large margins.

William D. Boies American politician

William Dayton Boies was a lawyer, trial-court judge, and five-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 11th congressional district in northwestern Iowa.

William J. Scherle American politician

William Joseph Scherle was a four-term Republican U.S. Representative from southwestern Iowa.

Karl M. LeCompte American politician

Karl Miles LeCompte was a ten-term Republican U.S. Representative from south-central Iowa. He won ten consecutive races from 1938 to 1956, before choosing not to run again in 1958.

References

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress and its predecessor, the Continental Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry.com. It receives and uploads digital photographs of headstones from burial sites, taken by unpaid volunteers at cemeteries. Find A Grave then posts the photo on its website.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Burton E. Sweet
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 3rd congressional district

19231933
Succeeded by
Albert C. Willford

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .