This article needs additional citations for verification .(October 2021)
|Born||23 November 1755|
|Died||13 January 1832 76) (aged|
West Meon, England
|Height||5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)|
|Relations||Thomas Lord jr. (Son)|
|Domestic team information|
|1792–1797||Marylebone Cricket Club|
|FC debut||31 May 1787 Middlesex v Essex|
|Last FC||14 August 1816 MCC v Middlesex|
Source:ESPNcricinfo,27 January 2016
Thomas Lord (23 November 1755 –13 January 1832) was an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1787 to 1802. He made a brief comeback,playing in one further match in 1815. Overall,Lord made 90 known appearances in first-class cricket. He was mostly associated with Middlesex and with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) as a ground staff bowler.
Lord is best remembered as the founder of Lord's Cricket Ground.
Lord was born in Thirsk,Yorkshire,in what is now the town museum. His father was a Roman Catholic yeoman,who had his lands sequestered for supporting the Jacobite rising in 1745 and afterwards he had to work as a labourer. The Lord family later moved to Diss,Norfolk,where Thomas Lord was brought up. Once he was out of childhood,Lord moved to London and got a job as a bowler and general attendant at the White Conduit Club in Islington.
Lord is known to have begun playing about 1780 but his first recorded game was on his "own ground",now referred to as Lord's Old Ground,at the current site of Dorset Square on 31 May 1787 when he played for Middlesex v. Essex. Lord has never been given much credit as a player but the match records of the 1790s indicate that he was a very good bowler,although it is true that his opposition was not always of the highest standard.
In 1786 Thomas Lord was approached by George Finch,9th Earl of Winchilsea,and Charles Lennox,4th Duke of Richmond,who were the leading members of the White Conduit Club. They wanted Lord to find a more private venue for their club and offered him a guarantee against any losses he might suffer. In May 1787,Lord acquired seven acres (28,000 m²) off Dorset Square and started his first ground. White Conduit relocated there and soon afterwards formed,or merged into,the new Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).
The lease on the first ground ended in 1810 and Lord obtained an eighty-year lease on two fields,the Brick and Great Fields at North Bank,St John's Wood. The second venue,now referred to as Lord's Middle Ground,was built by 1809 when the first games were played there by St John's Wood Cricket Club. This was later merged into MCC who relocated to the Middle Ground in 1811. In 1813 Parliament requisitioned the land for the Regent's Canal,which was cut through the site,thereby necessitating a further move.
Lord then moved his ground to the present site in St John's Wood,literally taking his turf with him. It opened in 1814. Lord was not,however,making enough money and therefore obtained permission to develop part of the ground for housing,a move which would have left only 150 square yards of playing area. To counter his plan,Lord was bought out for £5,000 by prominent MCC member William Ward,a noted batsman who was also a director of the Bank of England. Despite the change of ownership,the ground has continued to bear Lord's name.
Lord remained in St John's Wood till 1830 when he retired to West Meon in Hampshire,where he died in 1832. His son,also Thomas Lord,and born in Marylebone on 27 December 1794,was also a first-class cricketer.
Thomas Lord is buried in the churchyard of St John's Church at West Meon. The village has a public house named after him and is just a few miles from Hambledon,home of the famous Hambledon Cricket Club.
Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground,which it owns,in St John's Wood,London. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket and still holds considerable global influence.
Lord's Cricket Ground,commonly known as Lord's,is a cricket venue in St John's Wood,London. Named after its founder,Thomas Lord,it is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and is the home of Middlesex County Cricket Club,the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB),the European Cricket Council (ECC) and,until August 2005,the International Cricket Council (ICC). Lord's is widely referred to as the Home of Cricket and is home to the world's oldest sporting museum.
Hambledon is a small village and civil parish in the county of Hampshire in England,situated about 10 miles (16 km) north of Portsmouth.
The original London Cricket Club was formed in 1722 and was one of the foremost clubs in English cricket over the next four decades,holding important match status. It is closely associated with the Artillery Ground,where it played most of its home matches.
White Conduit Fields in Islington was an early venue for cricket and several major matches are known to have been played there in the 18th century. It was the original home of the White Conduit Club,forerunner of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). Later it was used by The Islington Albion Cricket Club,who played their last game at the ground in 1834. Maps from the time show that the cricket field was a few hundred metres north of the White Conduit House,in the land surrounding the modern Richmond Crescent,and paintings suggest it was also possibly on the adjacent field to the south at the modern Barnard Park.
The White Conduit Club (WCC) was a cricket club based on the northern fringes of London that existed between about 1782 until 1788. Although short-lived,it had considerable significance in the history of the game,as its members created Lord's Old Ground,the first cricket venue which would go on to become Lord's,and subsequently reorganised themselves as the new Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).
The Napoleonic Wars had deprived cricket of investment and manpower,particularly after 1810 as the conflict in the Peninsular War reached its height and the invasion of France followed. A recovery began in 1815,the year of the Battle of Waterloo,and a more widespread return to normality can be observed from 1816,although it was not until 1825 that inter-county matches resumed when Kent played Sussex.
George Finch,9th Earl of Winchilsea,was an important figure in the history of cricket. His main contributions to the game were patronage and organisation but Winchilsea,an amateur,was also a very keen player. Finch served with the 87th Foot at the time of the American Revolutionary War from its formation in 1779 to its disbanding in 1783,with the temporary ranks of major and lieutenant-colonel.
Peter Burrell,1st Baron Gwydyr PC featured in English politics at the end of the 18th century,but he was best known for his involvement in cricket,particularly his part in the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club in 1787.
Middlesex county cricket teams in England have been traced back to the 18th century,although cricket in the area goes back further.
1864 was the 78th season of cricket in England. It was a significant year in cricket history,as it saw the legalisation of overarm bowling and the first edition of John Wisden’s Cricketers’Almanac.
The 1787 English cricket season was the 16th in which matches have been awarded retrospective first-class cricket status. It saw the foundation of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) at Lord's Old Ground in London. The season saw 11 top-class matches played in the country.
The 1789 English cricket season was the 18th in which matches have been awarded retrospective first-class status and the third after the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club. It featured 14 top-class matches.
1809 was the 23rd season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). Thomas Lord opened his Middle Ground after refusing to pay increased rent at the Old Ground.
Cricket,and hence English amateur cricket,probably began in England during the medieval period but the earliest known reference concerns the game being played c.1550 by children on a plot of land at the Royal Grammar School,Guildford,Surrey. It is generally believed that cricket was originally a children's game as it is not until the beginning of the 17th century that reports can be found of adult participation.
Lord's Old Ground was a cricket venue in London that was established by Thomas Lord in 1787. It was used mainly by Marylebone Cricket Club for major matches until 1810,after which a dispute about rent caused Lord to relocate.
Amateur status had a special meaning in English cricket. The amateur in this context was not merely someone who played cricket in his spare time but a particular type of first-class cricketer who existed officially until 1962,when the distinction between amateurs and professionals was abolished and all first-class players became nominally professional.
The Reverend George Dupuis was an English minister who was active as a cricketer in the 1780s and 1790s,making five known appearances in first-class matches. His batting and bowling styles are unknown.
The period from 1772 to 1815 saw significant growth and development in English cricket to the point that it became a popular sport nationwide,having outgrown its origin in the southeastern counties. Prominent northern clubs were founded at Nottingham and Sheffield. The earliest known references have been found for cricket in Australia (1804),Canada (1785),South Africa (1808) and the West Indies. In India,British clubs were founded at Calcutta (1792) and,following the siege there,Seringapatam (1799). In America,the game was popular among soldiers in the revolution and George Washington is known to have played in at least one game.
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