Thomas Milner Gibson

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Thomas Milner Gibson
Thos Milner Gibson.jpg
President of the Board of Trade
In office
6 July 1859 26 June 1866
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded by The Earl of Donoughmore
Succeeded by Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
8 July 1846 8 May 1848
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded by Sir George Clerk, Bt
Succeeded by The Earl Granville
Personal details
Born3 September 1806 (1806-09-03)
Port of Spain, Trinidad
Died25 February 1884 (1884-02-26) (aged 77)
Algiers, Algeria
Political party Tory
Spouse(s)Susannah Cullum
Children Thomas Gibson Bowles
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Thomas Milner Gibson PC (3 September 1806 – 25 February 1884) was a British politician.


Background and education

Thomas Milner Gibson came of a Suffolk family, but was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad, where his father, Thomas Milner Gibson, was serving as an officer in the British Army. He was educated in Trinidad, in a school at Higham Hill also attended by Benjamin Disraeli, at Charterhouse, and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1830. [1]

Political career

In 1837 Gibson was elected to parliament as Conservative member for Ipswich, but resigned two years later, having adopted Liberal views, and became an ardent supporter of the free-trade movement. As one of Richard Cobden's chief allies, he was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Manchester in 1841, and from 1846 to 1848 he was Vice-President of the Board of Trade in Lord John Russell's ministry. Though defeated in Manchester in 1857, he found another seat for Ashton-under-Lyne, and sat in the cabinet under Lord Palmerston and then Russell from 1859 to 1866 as President of the Board of Trade. [2] In 1846 he was sworn of the Privy Council. [3]

Gibson was the leading spirit in the movement for the repeal of taxes on knowledge, and his successful efforts on behalf of journalism and advertising were recognized by a public testimonial in 1862. He retired from political life in 1868, but he and his wife, whose salon was a great Liberal centre, were for many years very influential in society. Milner Gibson was a sportsman and a typical man of the world, who enjoyed life and behaved liberally to those connected with him. [2]


Arethusa Susannah Milner Gibson, oil on canvas, William Boxall, R.A. Arethusa Susannah Milner Gibson portrait.jpg
Arethusa Susannah Milner Gibson, oil on canvas, William Boxall, R.A.

Milner Gibson married Arethusa Susannah, daughter of Revd. Sir Thomas Gery Cullum of Hardwick House, Suffolk, in 1832. [1] They resided at Theberton House, Suffolk.

Gibson also had a relationship with Susannah Bowles, a servant girl. Their son, Thomas Gibson Bowles, became a noted publisher and was the maternal grandfather of the Mitford sisters.

Milner Gibson died on board his yacht, the Resolute, at Algiers on 25 February 1884, aged 77, and was buried in St. Peter's churchyard at Theberton in Suffolk on 13 March. [4]

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  1. 1 2 "Gibson (post Milner-Gibson), Thomas Milner (GB823TM)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gibson, Thomas Milner". Encyclopædia Britannica . 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 944.
  3. The London Gazette, 10 July 1846
  4. "Gibson, Thomas Milner-". Dictionary of National Biography. 21: 286. 1885–1900. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Morrison
Rigby Wason
Member of Parliament for Ipswich
With: Henry Tufnell, 1837–1838
Fitzroy Kelly, 1838–1839
Succeeded by
Fitzroy Kelly
Sir Thomas John Cochrane
Preceded by
Mark Philips
Robert Hyde Greg
Member of Parliament for Manchester
With: Mark Philips, 1841–1847
John Bright, 1847–1857
Succeeded by
Sir John Potter
James Aspinall Turner
Preceded by
Charles Hindley
Member of Parliament for Ashton-under-Lyne
Succeeded by
Thomas Walton Mellor
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir George Clerk, Bt
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
The Earl Granville
Preceded by
The Earl of Donoughmore
President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt