Thomas Polson

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Colonel Sir Thomas Andrew Polson, KBE, CMG, TD [1] (28 August 1865 – 22 August 1946 [2] ) was an Anglo-Irish [ citation needed ] writer who was briefly the Member of Parliament (MP) for Dover.

Territorial Decoration military medal of the United Kingdom

The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army. This award superseded the Volunteer Officer's Decoration when the Territorial Force was formed on 1 April 1908, following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907, which was a large reorganisation of the old Volunteer Army and the remaining units of militia and Yeomanry. However, the Militia were transferred to the Special Reserve rather than becoming part of the Territorial Force. A recipient of this award is entitled to the letters "TD" after their name (post-nominal).

Dover (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Dover is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Since 2010, the MP has been Charlie Elphicke, elected as a member of the Conservative Party. On 3 November 2017, Elphicke was suspended by the Conservative Party after "serious allegations" were made against him, and then sat as an Independent until 12 December 2018 when he had the Conservative Whip restored ahead of a party vote on a no-confidence motion against Theresa May.



Colson was born in Tuam, County Galway, Ireland, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Andrew Polson, Tuam agent for Bradford city wool buyers. He was educated at Tuam Diocesan School and from there went into business.

Tuam Town in Connacht, Ireland

Tuam ; Irish: Tuaim[t̪ˠuəmʲ]) is a town in Ireland and the second-largest settlement in County Galway. It is situated west of the midlands of Ireland, approximately 35 km (22 mi) north of Galway city. Human existence in the area dates to the Bronze Age while the historic period dates from the 6th century. The town became increasingly important in the 11th and 12th centuries in political and religious aspects of Ireland. The market-based layout of the town and square indicates the importance of commerce.

County Galway County in the Republic of Ireland

County Galway is a county in Ireland. It is located in the West of Ireland, part of the province of Connacht.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

He was commissioned an officer in the City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders), where he was promoted to captain on 21 July 1902, [3] and to major on the following day.

City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders)

The City of London Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Territorial Army, formed in 1901. It amalgamated with the Inns of Court Regiment to form the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry in 1961. The lineage is maintained by 68 Signal Squadron, part of 71 (Yeomanry) Signal Regiment.

He married Elizabeth Lindsay of Edinburgh in 1918, while Chief Inspector of the Army Clothing Department.[ citation needed ]

Edinburgh Capital city in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

Polson was elected to the House of Commons at a by-election in January 1921, after the Conservative MP Viscount Duncannon had succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Bessborough. [1] [4] Polson's election was supported by Horatio Bottomley, but although claimed by Bottonmley as a member of the right-wing Independent Parliamentary Group, he joined the Anti-Waste League shortly after his election. Polson stood again at the general election in November 1922, but was defeated by the Conservative candidate John Jacob Astor, whom he had defeated at the by-election in 1921. [4]

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

By-elections, also spelled bye-elections, are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

He held the rank of Colonel and was knighted.


London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom, as well as the largest city within the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

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  1. 1 2 "No. 32196". The London Gazette . 18 January 1921. p. 455.
  2. "Historical list of MPs: constituencies beginning with "D", part 3". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
  3. "No. 27454". The London Gazette . 15 July 1902. p. 4515.
  4. 1 2 Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 384. ISBN   0-900178-06-X.


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Duncannon
Member of Parliament for Dover
Succeeded by
John Jacob Astor