Thomas Pope, 2nd Earl of Downe (1622–1660) was an English nobleman and Royalist.
A royalist supports a particular monarch as head of state for a particular kingdom, or of a particular dynastic claim. In the abstract, this position is royalism. It is distinct from monarchism, which advocates a monarchical system of government, but not necessarily a particular monarch. Most often, the term royalist is applied to a supporter of a current regime or one that has been recently overthrown to form a republic.
Baptised at Cogges, near Witney, 16 December 1622, the eldest of the three sons of Sir William Pope, Knt. (1596–1624), by Elizabeth, sole heiress of Sir Thomas Watson, knt., of Halstead, Kent. His mother married, after his father's death, Sir Thomas Penyston, 1st Baronet, of Cornwall, Oxfordshire. His grandfather Sir William Pope of Wroxton Abbey, near Banbury, was created Earl of Downe in the kingdom of Ireland, and died on 2 July 1631. Thomas, his grandson succeeded to his title, and to the large estates in north-west Oxfordshire which had been settled on the family in 1555 by Sir Thomas Pope.
Cogges is an area beside the River Windrush in Witney, Oxfordshire, 0.5 miles (800 m) east of the town centre. It had been a separate village and until 1932 it was a separate civil parish.
Witney is a historic market town on the River Windrush, 12 miles (19 km) west of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
Halstead is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is on the border of Kent with Greater London bordering the London Borough of Bromley. It is located south east of Orpington. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census is1,607.
The young Earl was brought up at the house of his guardian, John Dutton of Sherborne. On 26 November 1638 he married his guardian's daughter Lucy, and on 21 June 1639 matriculated as a nobleman at Christ Church, Oxford; but he offended against academic discipline, and before 13 March 1641 he left the university.
Sherborne is a market town and civil parish in north west Dorset, in South West England. It is sited on the River Yeo, on the edge of the Blackmore Vale, 6 miles east of Yeovil. The A30 road, which connects London to Penzance, runs through the town. In the 2011 census the population of Sherborne parish and the two electoral wards was 9,523. 28.7% of the population is aged 65 or older.
Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.
When the First English Civil War broke out, Downe raised a troop of horse, and was in Oxford with the king in 1643. Charles I slept at his wife's house at Cubberley, Gloucestershire, on 6 September 1643 and 12 July 1644. In 1645, his estate being valued at £2,202 per annum, he was fined £5,000 by the committee for compounding. He took the oath and covenant before 24 October 1645, but had difficulty in raising money for his fine, and in 1648 his other debts amounted to £11,000. The sequestration was finally discharged on 18 April 1651, after he had sold, under powers obtained by a private act in 1650, all his lands, except the manors of Cogges and Wilcote, Cubberley, which he held in right of his wife, and Enstone, with the adjacent townships.
The First English Civil War (1642–1646) began the series of three wars known as the English Civil War. "The English Civil War" was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, and includes the Second English Civil War (1648–1649) and the Third English Civil War (1649–1651). The wars in England were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, being fought contemporaneously with equivalents in Scotland and Ireland. The First Civil War ended with King Charles I in custody and cessation of armed political Royalism, though the new power-in-charge was indecisive, as England and Scotland was in the hands potentially of any one of the four parties that opposed the Royalists.
In 1643, near the start of the English Civil War, Parliament set up two committees the Sequestration Committee which confiscated the estates of the Royalists who fought against Parliament, and the Committee for Compounding with Delinquents which allowed Royalists whose estates had been sequestrated, to compound for their estates — pay a fine and recover their estates — if they pledged not to take up arms against Parliament again. The size of the fine they had to pay depended on the worth of the estate and how great their support for the Royalist cause had been.
Wilcote is a hamlet about 3 1⁄2 miles (5.6 km) north of Witney in Oxfordshire, England.
Downe left England, and travelled in France and Italy. He died at the royalist coffeehouse of Arthur Tilliard in Oxford, 28 December 1660. His body was buried among his ancestors at Wroxton 11 January 1661, with an inscribed floor-slab in the chancel.
Lucy, Countess of Downe died 6 April 1656, and was buried at Cubberley. Just before Downe's death his only child, Elizabeth (born at Cogges 15 April 1645), married Sir Francis Lee, 4th Baronet. Her second husband was Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey; and the Enstone property descended through her to the Viscounts Dillon. The peerage passed to Pope's uncle, Thomas Pope, 3rd Earl of Downe.
Sir Francis Henry Lee, 4th Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1667.
Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey PC FRS, styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1642 to 1666, was an English nobleman.
Earl of Lichfield is a title that has been created three times, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (1831). The third creation is extant and is held by a member of the Anson family.
Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield was an English nobleman, aristocrat and royalist, who was created the first Earl of Chesterfield by King Charles I in 1628.
Sir William Constable, 1st Baronet was an English soldier, politician and regicide, who supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War and interregnum.
Sir Thomas Pope, was a prominent public servant in mid-16th-century England, a Member of Parliament, a wealthy landowner, and the founder of Trinity College, Oxford.
John Talbot, 10th Earl of Shrewsbury, 10th Earl of Waterford, was an English nobleman.
Earl of Downe was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 16 October 1628 for Sir William Pope, 1st Baronet. He had already been created a Baronet, of Wilcote in the County of Oxford, in the Baronetage of England on 29 June 1611 and was made Baron Pope at the same time as he was granted the earldom, also in the Peerage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his grandson, the second Earl. He was the son of Sir William Pope. Lord Downe had no sons and was succeeded by his uncle, the third Earl. The titles became extinct on the death of the fourth Earl on 18 May 1668.
There have been four baronetcies created for people with the surname Lee, all extinct.
Sir Richard Weston (1579–1658) was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1614 and 1642. He fought on the Royalist side for King Charles during the English Civil War.
Thomas Pope (1507–1559) was founder of Trinity College, Oxford.
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General Thomas Mytton was an English officer in the Parliamentary army during the English Civil War.
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