Thomas Potts James (1803–1882) was an American botanist and bryologist.He made important contributions to the study of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts, and hornworts). He wrote the section on mosses and liverworts in William Darlington's Flora Cestrica (1853).
William Darlington, was an American physician, botanist, and member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
The Marchantiophyta are a division of non-vascular land plants commonly referred to as hepatics or liverworts. Like mosses and hornworts, they have a gametophyte-dominant life cycle, in which cells of the plant carry only a single set of genetic information.
Hornworts are a group of non-vascular plants constituting the division Anthocerotophyta. The common name refers to the elongated horn-like structure, which is the sporophyte. As in mosses and liverworts, the flattened, green plant body of a hornwort is the gametophyte plant.
Douglas Houghton Campbell was an American botanist and university professor. He was one of the 15 founding professors at Stanford University. His death was described as "the end of an era of a group of great plant morphologists."
Monoicous plants are those species that bear both sperm and eggs on the same gametophyte. Dioicous plants are those that have gametophytes that produce only sperm or eggs but never both. The terms are used largely but not exclusively in the context of bryophytes. Both monoicous and dioicous gametophytes produce gametes in gametangia by mitosis rather than meiosis, so that sperm and eggs are genetically identical with their parent gametophyte. The states of being monoicous or dioicous are called monoicy and dioicy respectively.
William Starling Sullivant was an early American botanist recognized as the foremost authority on bryophytes in the United States.
Bryology is the branch of botany concerned with the scientific study of bryophytes. Bryologists are people who have an active interest in observing, recording, classifying or researching bryophytes. The field is often studied along with lichenology due to the similar appearance and ecological niche of the two organisms, even though bryophytes and lichens are not classified in the same kingdom.
Charles Isidore Douin was a French bryologist who was a native of Bouville, Eure-et-Loir.
The American Bryological and Lichenological Society is an organization devoted to the scientific study of all aspects of the biology of bryophytes and lichen-forming fungi and is one of the nation's oldest botanical organizations. It was originally known as the Sullivant Moss Society, named after William Starling Sullivant. The Society publishes a quarterly journal distributed worldwide, The Bryologist, which includes articles on all aspects of the biology of mosses, hornworts, liverworts and lichens.
William Mitten (1819-1906) was an English pharmaceutical chemist and authority on bryophytes who has been called "the premier bryologist of the second half of the nineteenth century".
Jules Cardot was a French botanist and bryologist considered in his time one of the world's leading experts on the mosses of Antarctica. He was the son-in-law of fellow botanist Louis Piré. His collection of herbarium specimens at his laboratories in Charleville was heavily looted and damaged during World War I. The French Academy of Sciences awarded the 1893 "Prix Montague" to Cardot for his work on mosses and to Albert Gaillard (1858–1903) for his work on fungi. Cardot named 40 genera and 1200 species.
Theodor Carl (Karl) Julius Herzog was a German bryologist and phytogeographer. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Herz. when citing a botanical name.
Thomas Taylor (1775–1848) was an English botanist, bryologist, and mycologist.
The International Association of Bryologists (IAB), established in 1969, is a professional association promoting bryology globally for both amateurs and professionals. IAB was established in 1969 at the XI International Botanical Congress in Seattle, Washington, with the goal of increasing cooperation between professional and amateur biologists throughout the world. The organization sponsors conferences and meetings relating to bryology, and sponsors the publication of The Bryological Times and Advances of Bryology. Together with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), they compiled the first red list of endangered bryophytes in 1997.
Émile Bescherelle was a French botanist and bryologist.
Wilhelm Lorch was a German bryologist known for his research involving the anatomy of mosses.
Hampus Wilhelm Arnell was a Swedish bryologist. He was the father of hepaticologist Sigfrid Vilhelm Arnell (1895–1970).
Karl Gustav Limpricht was a German schoolteacher and bryologist. His son, Hans Wolfgang Limpricht, was a botanical collector in China.
Charles Reid Barnes (1858-1910) was an American botanist specializing in bryophytes. He was co-editor of the Botanical Gazette for over 25 years.
Carolyn Wilson Harris was vice president of the Sullivant Moss Society during 1904–1905 and charge of the Lichen Department from 1901–1905. She also wrote many articles on various lichen genera and species. She was known for being an indefatigable worker, and did much to popularize the study of lichens; her help was always given freely and cheerfully to those who applied to her for assistance in their studies.
Howard Alvin Crum was an American botanist dedicated to the study of mosses, and was a renowned expert on the North American bryoflora. The standard author abbreviation H.A.Crum is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
In computing, a Digital Object Identifier or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). An implementation of the Handle System, DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos.
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