Thomas Poynings, 1st Baron Poynings

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Thomas Poynings, 1st Baron Poynings
Died17 August 1545
Spouse(s)Katherine Marney
son Poynings
Father Sir Edward Poynings
MotherRose Whethill

Thomas Poynings, 1st Baron Poynings (c.1512 17 August 1545) was an English soldier and courtier.



Thomas Poynings was one of seven illegitimate children of Sir Edward Poynings of Westenhanger, Kent. His mother may have been his father's mistress, Rose Whethill, daughter of Adrian Whethill (1415-1503/4) of Calais and Margaret Worsley (d. 13 December 1505). Rose Whethill was left an annuity of 40 marks in Sir Edward's will of 1521. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Edward Poynings English soldier, administrator and diplomat

Sir Edward Poynings KG was an English soldier, administrator and diplomat, and Lord Deputy of Ireland under King Henry VII of England.

Westenhanger village in United Kingdom

Westenhanger is a small village in south-east Kent, England. It is located around 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Hythe and just south of junction 11 of the M20 motorway. Stone Street, the Roman road from nearby Lympne to Canterbury, passes through the village. It is in the civil parish of Stanford.

Kent County of England

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames, and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais through the Channel Tunnel. The county town is Maidstone.

He had two brothers, Edward Poynings (d.1546) and Sir Adrian Poynings, and four sisters, including Jane (or Joan) Poynings, who married firstly Thomas Clinton, 8th Baron Clinton (d.1517), by whom she was the mother of Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln (d.1585), Lord Admiral of England, and secondly, as his second wife, Sir Robert Wingfield (d.1539), by whom she had no issue. [5] [6] [7]

Adrian Poynings military commander and administrator

Sir Adrian Poynings was a military commander and administrator. The youngest of the illegitimate children of Sir Edward Poynings, he played a prominent role in the defence of the English garrison at Le Havre in 1562–63.

Baron Clinton

Baron Clinton is a title in the Peerage of England. Created in 1298 for John de Clinton, it is the seventh-oldest barony in England.

Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln English admiral

Edward Fiennes de Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, KG was an English nobleman and Lord High Admiral. He rendered valuable service to four of the Tudor monarchs.


Poynings' wife, Katherine, inherited land in the west country and Poynings began to acquire additional land in Wiltshire, Cornwall and Somerset, as well as exchanging Westenhanger for a grant of monastic land in Dorset (including Bindon Abbey). In the 1540s, he served King Henry VIII as Marshal of Calais and keeper of the castle at Guînes, then took an active role in the invasion of France in 1544, in particular at Montreuil and the sieges of Boulogne.

Bindon Abbey abbey

Bindon Abbey (Bindonium) was a Cistercian monastery, of which only ruins remain, on the River Frome about half a mile east of Wool in the Purbeck District, Dorset, England.

Guînes Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Guînes (Dutch:Wijnen)is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. Historically it was spelt Guisnes.

Montreuil, Pas-de-Calais Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Montreuil or Montreuil-sur-Mer is a sub-prefecture in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. It is located on the Canche river, not far from Étaples. The sea, however, is now some distance away.

On 30 January 1545, Poynings was raised to the peerage as Baron Poynings and appointed Lieutenant of Boulogne. He died of dysentery at Boulogne on 17 August 1545. [2]

Marriage and issue

He married Katherine Marney, widow of George Radcliffe, a younger son of Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, and elder daughter and co-heir of John Marney, 2nd Baron Marney, by whom he had an only son, baptized in March 1539, who died an infant. [2] [6] [8]

Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex English Earl

Robert Radcliffe, 10th Baron Fitzwalter, 1st Earl of Sussex, KG, KB, PC, also spelled Radclyffe, Ratcliffe, Ratcliff, etc., was a prominent courtier and soldier during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII who served as Chamberlain of the Exchequer and Lord Great Chamberlain.

John Marney, 2nd Baron Marney

John Marney, 2nd Baron Marney of Layer Marney, Essex was an English Member of Parliament and Governor of Rochester Castle.


  1. Ellis 2004.
  2. 1 2 3 Grummitt 2004.
  3. Richardson IV 2011, p. 4.
  4. Rose Whetehill (1472-1521+), A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: W-Wh, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Archived 2013-09-21 at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Stevens 2004.
  6. 1 2 Cokayne 1945, p. 669.
  7. Robertson 2004.
  8. Bindoff 1982.

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