Thomas Proby

Last updated

Sir Thomas Proby, 1st Baronet (18 October 1632 22 April 1689) of Elton Hall, Huntingdonshire (now Cambridgeshire) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1685.

Elton Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom

Elton Hall is a baronial hall in Elton, Cambridgeshire. It has been the ancestral home of the Proby family since 1660.

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Elton Hall, Cambridgeshire Elton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1258739.jpg
Elton Hall, Cambridgeshire

Proby was the son of Sir Heneage Proby (of Elton and Raans, Buckinghamshire) and his wife Ellen Allen, daughter of Edward Allen, of Finchley, Middlesex. [1]

In 1660, Proby was elected Member of Parliament for Amersham in the Convention Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Amersham in the Cavalier Parliament and sat until 1679. [2] He was created a baronet in 1662. [1] In 1679 he was elected MP for Huntingdonshire and sat until 1685. [2]

Amersham, often spelt as Agmondesham, was a constituency of the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc-vote system.

Convention Parliament (1660)

The Convention Parliament followed the Long Parliament that had finally voted for its own dissolution on 16 March that year. Elected as a "free parliament", i.e. with no oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth or to the monarchy, it was predominantly Royalist in its membership. It assembled for the first time on 25 April 1660.

Cavalier Parliament ruling body of 17th century England

The Cavalier Parliament of England lasted from 8 May 1661 until 24 January 1679. It was the longest English Parliament, enduring for nearly 18 years of the quarter-century reign of Charles II of England. Like its predecessor, the Convention Parliament, it was overwhelmingly Royalist and is also known as the Pensioner Parliament for the many pensions it granted to adherents of the King.

He carried out a number of improvements to Elton Hall. [3]

Proby died at the age of 56.

Proby married Frances Cotton, daughter of Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet of Connington, Huntingdonshire. His daughter Alice married the Hon. Thomas Watson-Wentworth MP, and had an only child, Thomas Watson-Wentworth, 1st Marquess of Rockingham. Proby's son died travelling and the baronetcy became extinct on Proby's death. The Elton estate passed to his brother John Proby. [1]

Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet, of Connington English politician and heir to the Cottonian Library

Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet, of Connington was an English politician and heir to the Cottonian Library.

Thomas Watson-Wentworth British politician

Hon. Thomas Watson, later known as Thomas Watson-Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1701 and 1723.

Thomas Watson-Wentworth, 1st Marquess of Rockingham, KB, PC (I) of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 until 1728 when he was raised to the Peerage as Baron Malton.

Related Research Articles

Sir Francis Lawley, 2nd Baronet was an English courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1679.

There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Proby, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The first creation is extinct while the second creation is extant.

John Proby was an English Member of Parliament.

John Proby (died 1710) English politician, died 1710

John Proby MP of Elton Hall, Huntingdonshire was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons of England and later of Great Britain variously between 1693 and 1710.

Sir Job Charlton, 1st Baronet KS was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1679. He was Speaker of the House of Commons of England briefly in 1673.

Sir John Tufton, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1685.

Sir John Holland, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1679.

Sir John Duke, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1679 and 1698.

Sir Humphrey Winch, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1689.

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet Member of Parliament of England

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet of Antony, Cornwall, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1660 and 1692.

Robert Barnham English politician

Sir Robert Barnham, 1st Baronet of Boughton Monchelsea Place was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1679.

Sir John Newton, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1685.

Sir Thomas Spencer, 3rd Baronet Member of the English Parliament

Sir Thomas Spencer, 3rd Baronet was an English politician who sat in thei House of Commons from 1660 to 1679.

Sir Henry Felton, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1656 and 1679.

Sir Metcalfe Robinson, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1679 and from 1685 to 1689.

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Baronet Member of the Parliament of England

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1679.

Sir Richard Farington, 1st Baronet, was an English politician who sat in the English House of Commons between 1681 and 1701 and in the British House of Commons between 1708 and 1719.

Sir Richard Grobham Howe, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1695.

Sir John Cotton, 3rd Baronet was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1661 and 1687.

Sir John Salusbury, 4th Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1685.

References

  1. 1 2 3 John Burke, John Bernard Burke A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies
  2. 1 2 History of Parliament Online - Proby, Thomas
  3. Historic England. "ELTON HALL (1164802)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 30 March 2015.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Not represented in Restored Rump
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1660–1679
With: Charles Cheyne 1660
Sir William Drake, 1st Baronet 1661–1669
Sir William Drake 1669–1679
Succeeded by
Sir William Drake
Sir Roger Hill
Preceded by
Hon. Ralph Montagu
Robert Apreece
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
1679–1685
With: Silius Titus
Succeeded by
Sir John Cotton, 3rd Bt
Sir Lionel Walden