Thomas Prothero (or Protheroe) (1780–1853) was a Welsh lawyer and businessman, known as an opponent of John Frost and a mine owner.
John Frost was a prominent Welsh leader of the British Chartist movement in the Newport Rising.
He was born in Usk, the son of Thomas Prothero, a lawyer who was involved also in local politics in Usk and the Beaufort estate.The supposition that he was illegitimate, based on his birthplace in the 1851 census for Malpas being entered simply as "Monmouthshire", is doubtful, given that the enumerator completed all entries in the same way.
Usk is a town and community in Monmouthshire, Wales, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Newport.
The younger Thomas Prothero began life in the same directions as his father. He set up in business in Newport, Monmouthshire; and he became town clerk of Newport in 1807.He was later joined in his law firm by Thomas Phillips, who became another influential local figure; they were in partnership from 1824 to 1840. Prothero and his law firm were drawn into the electoral politics of the two local constituencies, Monmouthshire and Monmouth Boroughs.
Sir Thomas Phillips (1801–1867) was a Welsh lawyer, politician and businessman, known as a mayor of Newport in Monmouthshire.
Monmouthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of Parliament of England from 1536 until 1707, of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1801, and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs).
He worked as agent for Sir Charles Morgan, 2nd Baronet M.P., both in politics and in management of the Tredegar Estate. The two were related: a local comment was that the antipathy Morgan's son Charles Morgan Robinson Morgan felt for Prothero was unjustified, because the younger Morgan was intending to stand for Parliament at Brecon, and Prothero's rent-gathering tactics in Monmouthshire would not matter there.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Charles Gould Morgan, 2nd Baronet, was a Welsh soldier and politician, the MP for Brecon and County of Monmouth.
Together Prothero, Sir Charles Morgan and allies got the 1826 Newport Improvement Act through Parliament.It set up the Newport Improvement Commission, which took on a number of local government functions until it was wound up in 1850; its effectiveness in the public health area was limited. Its successor was the Newport Board of Health.
Prothero and Morgan parted company in 1831, Prothero modifying a largely conservative political position to support a measure of political reform in the run-up to the Great Reform Bill of 1832.He remained on good terms with William Addams Williams, Monmouthshire MP from 1831 to 1841, who was a reform candidate; and in Monmouth Boroughs Benjamin Hall was elected in 1831 with the backing of Phillips and Prothero.
William Addams Williams was a Welsh lawyer, landowner and politician. He was a Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire from 1831–41.
Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover, known as Sir Benjamin Hall between 1838 and 1859, was a Welsh civil engineer and politician. The famous "Big Ben" may have been named for him.
A personal feud that developed between Prothero and tradesman John Frost coloured local affairs in Monmouthshire for two decades. As this conflict progressed, Prothero became an opponent of further reforms, and an opponent of Chartism. In the end he was an alarmist. His view that some Chartists in 1839 were intent on destroying the local gentry was, however, based on evidence of what some extremists were urging.
The roots of the conflict were in a family quarrel, and the consequences of the will of William Foster; Frost was left with a debt to pay, in his view unfairly.Legal action for libel against Prothero led to Frost spending time in jail from 1822. Subsequently, both Sir Charles Morgan and Prothero were attacked in pamphlets by Frost. As part of his campaign, Frost also petitioned Parliament at the time of the 1826 Newport Improvement Bill; it passed against Frost's attacks, with the Morgan and Beaufort influence behind it.
The feud flared up again after Frost became mayor of Newport in 1837. He accused Prothero of appropriating harbour dues; and again attacked Sir Charles Morgan. His stepson William Foster Geach was dragged into the conflict, accused by Prothero and Phillips of professional misconduct.Prothero gave evidence at the 1839 Monmouth treason trial, sworn under voir dire .
Prothero had built between 1835 and 1838 Malpas Court, a large house in grounds on the edge of Newport. The architect was Thomas Henry Wyatt.The house was in the Prothero family until 1916. It is now a Grade II listed building; it was in a poor state of repair for many years.
From the early 1820s Prothero developed business interests in the coal mining area of north-west Monmouthshire, on the eastern edge of the South Wales Coalfield. His holdings came to include Butter Hatch Colliery,Libanus Colliery, Church Farm Colliery, New Place Pig, Plas and Place collieries. By 1830 Prothero was announcing the use of a steam locomotive on the tramway run by the Monmouthshire Canal Company; there was a newspaper report of the delivery of a locomotive for Blancyffin Isha Colliery in June of that year. It was the Speedwell, built by Neath Abbey Foundry.
With Thomas Powell, Powell leased the coal under Plas Bedwellty in 1823, from John Hodder Moggridge. This area was to the west, on the Glamorgan side of the Rhymney Valley.As was the case for the unscrupulous Powell, Prothero trespassed in mining under the Tredegar estate, in his case from the Woodfield colliery. Powell and Prothero were involved together in a long series of deals in partnership, in which shares in pits often changed hands. In the 1830s Prothero was one of a small group trying to achieve a local cartel or "coal ring", the precise details differing in sources. According to one source, in 1837, with Powell and Joseph Latch, he helped set up the Newport Coal Company, an attempt to control coal prices in Monmouthshire. In another, it was in 1833 (Newport Coal Association), with John Latch.
Woodfield Colliery and Place Level Colliery were included in an 1842 report for the Children's Employment Commission by Robert Hugh Franks, detailing evidence of the use of child labour.
Prothero married Mary Collins, who died in 1835; they had nine children. His second marriage was to Sarah Pattman.Prothero's son George was father to George Walter Prothero and Rowland Edmund Prothero.
Caerphilly is a county borough in southern Wales, straddling the ancient county boundary between Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. It is governed by Caerphilly County Borough Council.
Risca is a town of approximately 11,500 people in south-east Wales, within the Caerphilly County Borough and the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. It is today part of the Newport conurbation, though it is not a Ward of Newport City Council. Risca has a railway station, opened on the Ebbw Valley Railway in February 2008, after a gap of 46 years. It is split into two communities Risca East and Risca West.
Crumlin is a town, community and an electoral ward in Caerphilly county borough in South Wales, situated in the Ebbw River valley, five miles west of Pontypool, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire.
Tredegar is a town and community situated on the banks of the Sirhowy River in the county borough of Blaenau Gwent, in the southeast of Wales. Within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire, it became an early centre of the Industrial Revolution in Wales. The historic Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond, Virginia, United States was named in honour of the town. The relevant wards collectively listed the town's population as 9,473 in the UK 2011 census.
The Diocese of Monmouth is a diocese of the Church in Wales. Despite the name, its cathedral is located not in Monmouth but in Newport — the Cathedral Church of St Woolos. Reasons for not choosing the title of Newport included the existence of a Catholic Bishop of Newport until 1916. This apparent anomaly arose in 1921 when the diocese was created with no location for the cathedral yet chosen. Various options were being considered, such as restoring Tintern Abbey, building from scratch on Ridgeway Hill in Newport, and upgrading St. Woolos, then a parish church; in the meantime the new diocese, as it covers more or less the territory of the county of Monmouth, was named the "Diocese of Monmouth". Prior to 1921 the area had been the archdeaconry of Monmouth.
Tredegar House is a 17th-century Charles II-era country house mansion in Coedkernew, at the western edge of the city of Newport, Wales. For over five hundred years it was home to the Morgan family, later Lords Tredegar; one of the most powerful and influential families in the area. Described as "The grandest and most exuberant country house" in Monmouthshire and one of the "outstanding houses of the Restoration period in the whole of Britain", the mansion stands in a reduced landscaped garden of 90 acres (0.36 km2) forming the non-residential part of Tredegar Park. The property became a Grade I listed building on 3 March 1952 and has been under the care of the National Trust since March 2012.
The Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal is a small network of canals in South Wales. For most of its currently (2018) navigable 35-mile (56 km) length it runs through the Brecon Beacons National Park, and its present rural character and tranquillity belies its original purpose as an industrial corridor for coal and iron, which were brought to the canal by a network of tramways and/or railroads, many of which were built and owned by the canal company.
Penybont is a small village in Radnorshire, Powys, Wales. The population of the community at the 2011 census was 428.
Malpas is an electoral district (ward) and coterminous community (parish) of the city of Newport, South Wales. The area is governed by the Newport City Council.
John Marshall was a Bishop of Llandaff in Wales.
Ruth Bidgood is a Welsh poet and local historian, born at Blaendulais, Seven Sisters, near Neath, and writing in English.
Oakdale is a large village in Caerphilly county borough, Wales, 9½ miles north of Caerphilly itself, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. Situated in the Sirhowy valley, it is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Blackwood, with which it forms a conurbation. At the 2001 census, Oakdale had a population of 4,478.
This is a list of Sheriffs of Monmouthshire, an office which was created in 1536 but not fully settled until 1540.
Colonel Sir Joseph Alfred Bradney, CB, FSA, BA, JP, DL was a British soldier, historian and archaeologist, best known for his multivolume A History of Monmouthshire.
Aneurin Bevan University Health Board is a local health board in south Wales, headquartered in Caerleon. The Local Health Board (LHB) was launched in October 2009 through the merger of Gwent Healthcare NHS Trust and Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Newport, Torfaen and Monmouthshire LHBs. It is named after Aneurin Bevan, a Member of Parliament who represented the area and who was the government Minister of Health responsible for the foundation of the National Health Service.
Cwm is a former coal mining village, community and electoral ward three miles (4.8 km) south of Ebbw Vale in the county borough of Blaenau Gwent, Wales, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire, United Kingdom.
John of Monmouth was a feudal lord in the Welsh Marches.
Kingsley House and Hendre House are a pair of 19th-century, semi-detached houses on the North Parade section of Monk Street in Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. The grade II listed houses were designed by noted Monmouth architect and builder George Vaughan Maddox, who also designed at least two of the twenty-four blue plaque buildings on the Monmouth Heritage Trail, including the Market Hall and the Monmouth Methodist Church. Hendre House should be distinguished from The Hendre, the estate of the Rolls family.