Thomas Purcell of Loughmoe

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Thomas Purcell, Baron of Loughmoe (1538 – August 3, 1609) was an Irish nobleman.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

A member of a wealthy Tipperary family, Thomas' greatest legacy is a harp composition he commissioned to be played at his funeral. The lament was probably commissioned by Purcell for his impending death. According to harp historian Edward Bunting, Purcell made his last will on 26 March 1597, John Scott composed his lament in 1599, and the Baron died on 3 August 1607.

County Tipperary County in the Republic of Ireland

County Tipperary is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster. The county is named after the town of Tipperary, and was established in the early thirteenth century, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland. The population of the county was 159,553 at the 2016 census. The largest towns are Clonmel, Nenagh and Thurles.

Harp class of musical instruments

The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers. Harps have been known since antiquity in Asia, Africa and Europe, dating back at least as early as 3500 BC. The instrument had great popularity in Europe during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, where it evolved into a wide range of variants with new technologies, and was disseminated to Europe's colonies, finding particular popularity in Latin America. Although some ancient members of the harp family died out in the Near East and South Asia, descendants of early harps are still played in Myanmar and parts of Africa, and other defunct variants in Europe and Asia have been utilized by musicians in the modern era.

Edward Bunting Irish musician and music collector

Edward Bunting (1773–1843) was an Irish musician and folk music collector.

The correct Irish title for this piece would seem to be 'Cumha Bharúin Loch Mór' (the lament of/for the baron of Loughmore), a title which is found in Bunting manuscript 29 f111v as 'Cooee Vareen Lagh Moor', dictated, it would seem, from harper Denis O'Hampsey. However, the Irish for 'Baron of Lochmoe' appears to have been given in the Annals of the Four Masters as 'Barún Luachmaighi'.

The piece is titled 'Cumha Caoine an Albanaigh', or in English, 'Scott's Lamentation', in Bunting's 1840 publication, 'The Ancient Music of Ireland'. This incorrect Irish title seems a reverse translation of 'Scott's Lamentation' (i.e., Cumha an Albanaigh) with the word 'caoine' (lamenting) added duplicatively. This construction goes against Irish linguistic usage as the word 'cumha' (lament) should be followed by the name in the genitive case of the person the lament was made for (i.e., the baron of Loughmore) and not the composer (i.e., an tAlbanach, Scott) as per English; the composer should be indicated by the word 'le' (by), as per the phrase 'leis an Albanach' (by Scott).

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