Thomas Purnell (1834–1889) was a British author, best known as a dramatic critic writing as "Q".
The son of Robert Purnell, he was born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, in 1834. He matriculated at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1852, but then went to London and became a journalist.
Tenby is a walled seaside town in Pembrokeshire, Wales, on the western side of Carmarthen Bay.
In 1862 Purnell was recommended by Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy as assistant-secretary and librarian of the Archæological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, and he retained the post until 1866. In 1870–1 he contributed to the Athenæum , under the signature "Q.", a series of dramatic criticisms which attracted notice by their style and slashing censures. Charles Reade and Tom Taylor published replies.
Charles Reade was an English novelist and dramatist, best known for The Cloister and the Hearth.
Tom Taylor was an English dramatist, critic, biographer, public servant, and editor of Punch magazine.
Purnell founded a small literary club, the "Decemviri", which included A. C. Swinburne, Whistler, Robert Edward Francillon, and Joseph Knight. He came to know Giuseppe Mazzini, to whom he introduced Swinburne and others. He died at Lloyd Square, Pentonville, London, where his sister kept house for him, on 17 December 1889, after a long illness.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom. He was averse to sentimentality and moral allusion in painting, and was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake". His famous signature for his paintings was in the shape of a stylized butterfly possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for it combined both aspects of his personality: his art is characterized by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative. He found a parallel between painting and music and entitled many of his paintings "arrangements", "harmonies", and "nocturnes", emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony. His most famous painting is Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1 (1871), commonly known as Whistler's Mother, the revered and often parodied portrait of motherhood. Whistler influenced the art world and the broader culture of his time with his artistic theories and his friendships with leading artists and writers.
Robert Edward Francillon (1841–1919) was an English journalist and author, active in the late 19th century.
(John) Joseph Knight (1829–1907) was an English dramatic critic and theatre historian.
In 1871 Purnell edited Charles Lamb's Correspondence and Works , and organised the Charles Lamb centenary dinner. He was the author of:
Charles Lamb was an English essayist, poet, and antiquarian, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, co-authored with his sister, Mary Lamb (1764–1847).
The 19th-century English writer Charles Lamb's letters were addressed to, among others, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Godwin, and Thomas Hood, all of whom were close friends. They are valued for the light they throw on the English literary world in the Romantic era and on the evolution of Lamb's essays, and still more for their own "charm, wit and quality".
Purnell also edited John Herd's Historia Quatuor Regum Angliæ for the Roxburghe Club, 1868.
The Roxburghe Club is an exclusive bibliophilic and publishing society based in the United Kingdom.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.
Sir Sidney Lee was an English biographer, writer and critic.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.
James Dykes Campbell was a Scottish merchant and writer, best known for editing and writing the life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His biography has been described as "a landmark in the history of the genre in that it defines the standards of scholarship, accuracy, documentation, and impartiality by which every biographer of Coleridge has since been measured."
Richard Herne Shepherd (1842–1895) was an English bibliographer.
John Samuel Raven (1829—1877) was an English landscape painter.
Francis Stephen Cary was an English painter and art teacher who succeeded Henry Sass as the head of Sass's art academy. Among his subjects was a portrait of Charles and Mary Lamb.
The Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography was a biographical dictionary of the nineteenth century, published by William Mackenzie in Glasgow.
Annals of Philosophy was a learned journal founded in 1813 by the Scottish chemist Thomas Thomson. It shortly became a leader in its field of commercial scientific periodicals. Contributors included John George Children, Edward Daniel Clarke, Philip Crampton, Alexander Crichton, James Cumming, John Herapath, William George Horner, Thomas Dick Lauder, John Miers, Matthew Paul Moyle, Robert Porrett, James Thomson, and Charles Wheatstone.
Thomas Roscoe was an English author and translator.
Charles Jackson (1809–1882) was an English banker and antiquary.
Charles Frederick Partington was a British science lecturer and writer.
William Fraser Rae (1835–1905) was a Scottish journalist and author.
John William Smith (1809–1845) was an English barrister, known as a legal writer.
James Craigie Robertson was a Scottish Anglican churchman, canon of Canterbury Cathedral, and author of a History of the Christian Church.
George Barnett Smith was an English author and journalist.
Alexander George Richey (1830–1883) was an Irish barrister and historian.
John Reid (1808–1841?) was a Scottish publisher, author and radical activist.
Edmund Ollier (1827–1886) was an English journalist and author.
Joseph Timothy Haydn, compiler of dictionaries, was well known as the author of the "Dictionary of Dates", 1841, and of the "Book of Dignities", 1851. The "Book of Dignities" was a modernised form of Robert Beatson's "Political Index", but omits the lists of holders of many important offices. He also edited Samuel Lewis' "Topographical Dictionaries". His name is used in the "Haydn Series" of dictionaries, which are on the same lines as those compiled by him. He does not, however, appear to have taken any part in their actual compilation. They are the "Universal Index of Biography", edited by J. B. Payne, 1870; "Bible Dictionary", edited by C. Boutell, 1871 ; "Dictionary of Popular Medicine and Hygiene", edited by Dr. E. Lankester, 1874. For a short time before his death, on 18 January 1856, Haydn had been in receipt of a small pension of £25 granted by the government. It was continued to his widow.
Charles Bland Radcliffe (1822–1889) was an English physician, known for work on diseases of the nervous system.