Thomas Pury

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Thomas Pury (c. 1590 – 13 August 1666) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1640 and 1659. He fought on the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil War.

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

English Civil War series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

Pury was the son of Walter Pury of Gloucester. He was originally a weaver and then a country solicitor. In 1626, he was sheriff of Gloucester. [1]

In November 1640, Pury was elected Member of Parliament for Gloucester in the Long Parliament. He held the seat through the Rump Parliament to 1653. [2] In 1642 Pury was appointed commissioner for Gloucester for "publishing scandalous ministers etc." He became a captain in the parliamentary army and commanded a company in the regiment of Colonel Henry Stephens. He helped the Earl of Stamford and Lt-Col Edward Massey in the defence of Gloucester in August 1643. In October 1643 he was chairman of the committee for Gloucester. [1]

Gloucester (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Gloucester is a constituency centred on the cathedral city and county town of the same name, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Richard Graham of the Conservative Party.

Long Parliament English Parliament which lasted from 1640 until 1660

The Long Parliament was an English Parliament which lasted from 1640 until 1660. It followed the fiasco of the Short Parliament which had convened for only three weeks during the spring of 1640, and which in turn had followed an 11-year parliamentary absence. In September 1640, King Charles I issued writs summoning a parliament to convene on 3 November 1640. He intended it to pass financial bills, a step made necessary by the costs of the Bishops' Wars in Scotland. The Long Parliament received its name from the fact that, by Act of Parliament, it stipulated it could be dissolved only with agreement of the members; and, those members did not agree to its dissolution until 16 March 1660, after the English Civil War and near the close of the Interregnum.

Rump Parliament political body in the time of the English Revolution

The Rump Parliament was the English Parliament after Colonel Thomas Pride purged the Long Parliament, on 6 December 1648, of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason.

Pury was Mayor of Gloucester in 1653 and then re-elected MP for Gloucester in 1654 for the First Protectorate Parliament and in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament. In 1659 he attended the restored Rump parliament and was charged with raising troops in Gloucester in July 1659. [1]

The Mayor of Gloucester is the first citizen of the City of Gloucester, England, and acts as Chair of the Council. The Mayor represents the Council and the City at civic, ceremonial and community events both inside the City boundaries and elsewhere.

First Protectorate Parliament

The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House.

Second Protectorate Parliament

The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons. In its first session, the House of Commons was its only chamber; in the second session an Other House with a power of veto over the decisions of the Commons was added.

Pury died at the age of 76 and was buried in St Mary's, Gloucester. He left a charity to the city. [1]

Pury married Mary Ayle, daughter of Edward Ayle of Tewkesbury. His son Thomas was also an MP. [1]

Thomas Pury was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1653. He supported the Parliamentarian cause in the English Civil War.

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References

Parliament of England
Preceded by
William Singleton
Henry Brett
Member of Parliament for Gloucester
1640
With: Henry Brett 1640–1644
John Lenthall 1645–1653
Succeeded by
Not represented in the Barebones Parliament
Preceded by
Not represented in the Barebones Parliament
Member of Parliament for Gloucester
1654– 1656
With: William Lenthall 1654
Major General Desborough 1656
Succeeded by
Laurence Singleton
James Stephens
Preceded by
Laurence Singleton
James Stephens
Member of Parliament for Gloucester
1659
With: John Lenthall
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Massey
James Stephens