|Spouse(s)||Emily Ruth Ivy|
Thomas Pye (1861 –1930) was an Australian architect. He worked for over 33 years in the Public Works Department in Queensland. Pye contributed significantly to major buildings including the completion of the Public Offices (Treasury Building) and Rockhampton Customs House, as well as the design for the Lands and Survey Offices (Lands Administration Building). He was responsible for the heightened expectations which produced the best public buildings yet seen in Queensland.
Thomas Pye was born in 1861 in Lancashire, England to Edward Pye, a farmer, and Ellen Newett.After receiving “an excellent training” as an architect in England, Pye emigrated to the colonies in c.1882. In 1883, Pye married Emily Ruth Ivy in September, while living in Mosman Bay, Sydney. In 1884, Pye moved to Brisbane and joined the Queensland Public Works Department to take charge of the documentation of John James Clark’s design for the Brisbane Public Offices (Treasury Building). After completion of the plans for the first stage of the Public Offices, Pye resigned from his public post at the end of May 1885.
In 1885, Pye entered partnership with J.J. Clark’s brother George, having previously prepared the drawings for Clark’s Bros’ Brisbane Masonic Hall while employed in the offices of J.J. Clark.He was involved in a number of projects while at the firm, most notably the Imperial Hotel in Brisbane. Clark and Pye ended their partnership in early May 1886.
In June 1886 Pye rejoined the Works Department to prepare drawings for the Public Offices.Pye is associated with the preparation of the plans for the first and second sections of the Public Offices – those facing William Street and the Queen’s Gardens respectively. This was only a temporary appointment until he was appointed as a permanent draftsman in December 1889. During this time, Pye also engaged work with the tenderer for the project, Sydney contractors the Phippard Bros, in 1886 and 1887. In 1890, the drawings for the Public Offices were completed.
In 1892, A.B. Brady, the Engineer for Bridges, took charge of buildings as the Government Architect, and Pye was appointed Chief Draftsman.In 1898, Pye was appointed First Assistant Architect. In February 1902, Pye became District Architect, Southern Division with responsibility for Government buildings south of Gympie. His equivalent for the Northern Division was John Smith Murdoch. In 1904, John Smith Murdoch transferred to the Commonwealth. Consequently, Pye assumed responsibility for the whole of Queensland. In September 1906, Pye was appointed deputy Government Architect and Acting Under Secretary and continued in that office until his retrenchment in August 1921.
Pye was a military censor for about five months in 1914, and in September 1915, as a lieutenant-colonel, he was detailed to command Australian Imperial Forces reinforcements on transports.He took keen interest in shooting and was a prominent member of local rifle clubs. The lack of success in private practice may conceal a resumption of his previous role as a gun draftsman.
After leaving the Works Department, Pye practiced privately in Brisbane.An amateur artist, he was a member of the Queensland Authors’ and Artists’ Association and was a collector for the Queensland Museum. In May 1929 Pye left Brisbane to travel overseas. In 1930, Pye died after catching black-water fever at the Victoria Falls, South Africa. His daughter, Juanita Pye, was one of Queensland’s first female architects.
Responsibility for individual projects during his employment at the Public Works Department is difficult to discern. The Lands and Survey Offices (Land Administration Building) are considered Pye’s masterpiece.The significant stylistic and technical innovations used in the design of the Lands Offices such as the use of concrete and the Edwardian Baroque style make them almost a decade ahead of comparable Australian buildings. Pye personally supervised the details, including the statuary.
|Year completed||Structure name||Location||Notes|
|1885||Villa and Stable for W. Pickering (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)||Lytton Road, East Brisbane|
|1885||Cottage (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)||Remy Street, Petrie Bight|
|1885-1887||Imperial Hotel (as Clark and Pye)||70 George Street, Brisbane|
|1889||Relief Stonework Panels, Alice Street Wing, Parliament House||69 Alice Street, Brisbane|
|1897-1898||Post Office, Warwick||98 Palmerin Street, Warwick|
|1898||Department of Primary Industries Building William Street facade||99 William Street, Brisbane|
|1898-1899||Queensland Stock Institute (also known as the Bacteriological Institute, or the Director of Boarding Residence, Brisbane Grammar School)||College Road, Spring Hill|
|1899||Customs House Rockhampton (designed with G.D. Payne)||208 Quay Street, Rockhampton|
|1899-1900||East Brisbane State School||90 Wellington Road, East Brisbane|
|1899-1900||Post Office, Ipswich||114 Brisbane Street, Ipswich|
|1900||Police Station, Warwick||86 Fitzroy Street, Warwick|
|?1901||Killarney Courthouse; (no longer exists)||Killarney|
|1901||Naval Offices||3 Edward St, Brisbane|
|1901||Decoration of Government Buildings in Brisbane|
(Customs House, the Treasury Buildings, Geological Museum, Lands Office, Government Printing Office, and various others)
|Primarily George, Queen and William Streets, Brisbane|
|1901||Stanthorpe Post Office||14 Maryland St, Stanthorpe|
|1901-1905||Land Administration Building (formerly Executive Building)||142 George Street, Brisbane|
|1904||Former North Ward Defence Complex additions (drill hall and administration offices)||4-6 Oxley Street, North Ward|
|1905||Woolloongabba Post Office (former)||765 Stanley Street, Woolloongabba|
|“Tekowai” House for W.G. Chancellor; (no longer exists)||Vulture Street, South Brisbane|
|1908||Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions||280 Elizabeth Street, Brisbane|
|1909||Former Dispenser’s House, Diamantina Hospital||Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba|
|1910||Charters Towers Police Station (formerly Charters Towers Police Barracks)||49 Gill Street, Charters Towers|
|1910||School Of Musketry (former)||431 Lloyd St, Gallipoli Army Barracks, Enoggera|
|1910||Small Arms Magazine (former)||Murray Av, Enoggera Barracks, Enoggera|
|1911-1912||Mackay Technical College (former)||Alfred Street, Mackay|
|1911-1915||Brisbane Central Technical College (former)||2 George Street, Brisbane|
|1911-1915||Enoggera Magazine Complex||Inwood Rd, Enoggera Military Camp, Enoggera|
|1913||Remount Complex (former)||Wynter Rd, Enoggera|
|1914||Wooloowin State School||663 Lutwyche Road, Lutwyche|
|1914|| ‘A’ Block Central Queensland Institute of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Rockhampton Campus |
(formerly ‘A’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College)
|Bolsover Street, Rockhampton|
|1914-1915||Warwick Technical College and State High School||Victoria Street, Warwick|
|1914-1915||Windsor State School||270 Lutwyche Rd, Windsor|
|1915-1916||Block ‘C’, Rockhampton District Court (formerly Rockhampton Branch of the Queensland State Government Savings Bank)||42 East Street, Rockhampton|
|1916-1917||Toowoomba Technical College (former)||124 Margaret Street, Toowoomba|
|1919||‘D’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College; (demolished 1997-98)||Alma Street, Rockhampton|
|1919-1921||Cairns Court House (former)||38-40 Abbott St, Cairns|
|1925||Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts||Cnr Trundle and Wardell Streets, Enoggera|
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