Thomas Pye (architect)

Last updated

Thomas Pye
Born1861
Died1930
OccupationArchitect
Spouse(s)Emily Ruth Ivy
ChildrenJuanita Pye
Practice
Buildings

Thomas Pye (1861 1930) was an Australian architect. He worked for over 33 years in the Public Works Department in Queensland. [1] Pye contributed significantly to major buildings including the completion of the Public Offices (Treasury Building) and Rockhampton Customs House, as well as the design for the Lands and Survey Offices (Lands Administration Building). [2] He was responsible for the heightened expectations which produced the best public buildings yet seen in Queensland. [3]

Department of Public Works (Queensland) government department for Queensland, Australia

The Department of Public Works is the department of the Queensland Government responsible for the construction of public works. It has existed under many different names since the establishment of government in Queensland. It contains the office of the Queensland Government Architect. In 2014, it is the Department of Housing and Public Works under the direction of Tim Mander, the Minister for Housing and Public Works.

Queensland North-east state of Australia

Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).

Treasury Building, Brisbane

The Treasury Building, also previously known as the New Public Offices, is a heritage-listed former government public administration building located at 21 Queen Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was built from 1886 to 1928 for the Queensland Government. On 21 October 1992 the Italian Renaissance style building was added to the Queensland Heritage Register.

Contents

Early life

Thomas Pye was born in 1861 in Lancashire, England to Edward Pye, a farmer, and Ellen Newett. [4] After receiving “an excellent training” as an architect in England, Pye emigrated to the colonies in c.1882. [4] In 1883, Pye married Emily Ruth Ivy in September, while living in Mosman Bay, Sydney. [4] In 1884, Pye moved to Brisbane and joined the Queensland Public Works Department to take charge of the documentation of John James Clark’s design for the Brisbane Public Offices (Treasury Building). [1] After completion of the plans for the first stage of the Public Offices, Pye resigned from his public post at the end of May 1885. [4]

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

Mosman Bay is a bay of Sydney Harbour adjacent to the suburb of Mosman, 4 km north-east of the Sydney CBD in New South Wales, Australia. Three ferry wharves, Mosman Bay, South Mosman and Old Cremorne, are within the bay, all being served by the F6 Mosman Bay ferry service.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

Clark and Pye

Imperial Hotel, 1885-1887 Imperial Hotel, 1885-1887.JPG
Imperial Hotel, 1885-1887

In 1885, Pye entered partnership with J.J. Clark’s brother George, having previously prepared the drawings for Clark’s Bros’ Brisbane Masonic Hall while employed in the offices of J.J. Clark. [5] He was involved in a number of projects while at the firm, most notably the Imperial Hotel in Brisbane. [5] Clark and Pye ended their partnership in early May 1886. [4]

Public Offices (Treasury Building), Brisbane

The Public Offices (Treasury Building) for which Pye prepared drawings between 1884-1890 Treasury Casino Brisbanee.jpg
The Public Offices (Treasury Building) for which Pye prepared drawings between 1884-1890

In June 1886 Pye rejoined the Works Department to prepare drawings for the Public Offices. [4] Pye is associated with the preparation of the plans for the first and second sections of the Public Offices – those facing William Street and the Queen’s Gardens respectively. [1] This was only a temporary appointment until he was appointed as a permanent draftsman in December 1889. [1] During this time, Pye also engaged work with the tenderer for the project, Sydney contractors the Phippard Bros, in 1886 and 1887. [4] In 1890, the drawings for the Public Offices were completed.

Queensland Public Works Department

In 1892, A.B. Brady, the Engineer for Bridges, took charge of buildings as the Government Architect, and Pye was appointed Chief Draftsman. [3] In 1898, Pye was appointed First Assistant Architect. In February 1902, Pye became District Architect, Southern Division with responsibility for Government buildings south of Gympie. His equivalent for the Northern Division was John Smith Murdoch. [3] In 1904, John Smith Murdoch transferred to the Commonwealth. Consequently, Pye assumed responsibility for the whole of Queensland. [3] In September 1906, Pye was appointed deputy Government Architect and Acting Under Secretary and continued in that office until his retrenchment in August 1921. [3]

John Smith Murdoch Australian architect

John Smith Murdoch was the chief architect for the Commonwealth of Australia from 1919, responsible for designing many government buildings, most notably the Provisional Parliament House in Canberra, the home of the Parliament of Australia from 1927 to 1988.

Other interests and military involvement

Pye was a military censor for about five months in 1914, and in September 1915, as a lieutenant-colonel, he was detailed to command Australian Imperial Forces reinforcements on transports. [1] He took keen interest in shooting and was a prominent member of local rifle clubs. [1] The lack of success in private practice may conceal a resumption of his previous role as a gun draftsman. [6]

First Australian Imperial Force Australian Army expeditionary force during World War I

The First Australian Imperial Force was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade. The infantry division subsequently fought at Gallipoli between April and December 1915, being reinforced by a second division which was later raised, as well as three light horse brigades. After being evacuated to Egypt the AIF was expanded to five infantry divisions, which were committed to the fighting in France and Belgium along the Western Front in March 1916. A sixth infantry division was partially raised in 1917 in the United Kingdom, but was broken up and used as reinforcements following heavy casualties on the Western Front. Meanwhile, two mounted divisions remained in the Middle East to fight against Turkish forces in the Sinai and Palestine.

Later life and death

After leaving the Works Department, Pye practiced privately in Brisbane. [3] An amateur artist, he was a member of the Queensland Authors’ and Artists’ Association and was a collector for the Queensland Museum. [3] In May 1929 Pye left Brisbane to travel overseas. In 1930, Pye died after catching black-water fever at the Victoria Falls, South Africa. [3] His daughter, Juanita Pye, was one of Queensland’s first female architects. [3]

Significant works

Land Administration Building, 1901-1905 Land Administration Building, 1901-1905.JPG
Land Administration Building, 1901-1905

Responsibility for individual projects during his employment at the Public Works Department is difficult to discern. The Lands and Survey Offices (Land Administration Building) are considered Pye’s masterpiece. [4] The significant stylistic and technical innovations used in the design of the Lands Offices such as the use of concrete and the Edwardian Baroque style make them almost a decade ahead of comparable Australian buildings. [4] Pye personally supervised the details, including the statuary. [7]

Woolloongabba Post Office (former), 1905 Woolloongabba Post Office (former), 1905.JPG
Woolloongabba Post Office (former), 1905
Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions, 1908 Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions, 1908.JPG
Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions, 1908
Wooloowin State School, 1914 Wooloowin State School, 1914.JPG
Wooloowin State School, 1914
Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts,1925 Enoggera Memorial Hall Entrance.JPG
Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts,1925
Year completedStructure nameLocationNotes
1885Villa and Stable for W. Pickering (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)Lytton Road, East Brisbane [5]
1885Cottage (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)Remy Street, Petrie Bight
1885-1887Imperial Hotel (as Clark and Pye)70 George Street, Brisbane [8]
1889Relief Stonework Panels, Alice Street Wing, Parliament House 69 Alice Street, Brisbane [9]
1897-1898Post Office, Warwick 98 Palmerin Street, Warwick [3]
1898 Department of Primary Industries Building William Street facade99 William Street, Brisbane [10]
1898-1899 Queensland Stock Institute (also known as the Bacteriological Institute, or the Director of Boarding Residence, Brisbane Grammar School)College Road, Spring Hill [11] [12]
1899 Customs House Rockhampton (designed with G.D. Payne)208 Quay Street, Rockhampton [13]
1899-1900 East Brisbane State School 90 Wellington Road, East Brisbane [14]
1899-1900Post Office, Ipswich 114 Brisbane Street, Ipswich [3]
1900Police Station, Warwick86 Fitzroy Street, Warwick
?1901Killarney Courthouse; (no longer exists) Killarney [15]
1901 Naval Offices 3 Edward St, Brisbane [16]
1901Decoration of Government Buildings in Brisbane
(Customs House, the Treasury Buildings, Geological Museum, Lands Office, Government Printing Office, and various others)
Primarily George, Queen and William Streets, Brisbane [17]
1901 Stanthorpe Post Office 14 Maryland St, Stanthorpe [18]
1901-1905 Land Administration Building (formerly Executive Building)142 George Street, Brisbane [19]
1904Former North Ward Defence Complex additions (drill hall and administration offices)4-6 Oxley Street, North Ward [20]
1905 Woolloongabba Post Office (former)765 Stanley Street, Woolloongabba [21]
?1906-1921
date unknown
“Tekowai” House for W.G. Chancellor; (no longer exists)Vulture Street, South Brisbane [22]
1908 Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions280 Elizabeth Street, Brisbane [23]
1909Former Dispenser’s House, Diamantina Hospital Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba [24]
1910 Charters Towers Police Station (formerly Charters Towers Police Barracks)49 Gill Street, Charters Towers [25]
1910School Of Musketry (former)431 Lloyd St, Gallipoli Army Barracks, Enoggera [26]
1910Small Arms Magazine (former)Murray Av, Enoggera Barracks, Enoggera [27]
1911-1912 Mackay Technical College (former)Alfred Street, Mackay [28]
1911-1915 Brisbane Central Technical College (former)2 George Street, Brisbane [29]
1911-1915Enoggera Magazine ComplexInwood Rd, Enoggera Military Camp, Enoggera [30]
1913Remount Complex (former)Wynter Rd, Enoggera [31]
1914 Wooloowin State School 663 Lutwyche Road, Lutwyche [32]
1914 ‘A’ Block Central Queensland Institute of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Rockhampton Campus
(formerly ‘A’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College)
Bolsover Street, Rockhampton [33]
1914-1915Warwick Technical College and State High SchoolVictoria Street, Warwick [34]
1914-1915 Windsor State School 270 Lutwyche Rd, Windsor [35] [36]
1915-1916 Block ‘C’, Rockhampton District Court (formerly Rockhampton Branch of the Queensland State Government Savings Bank)42 East Street, Rockhampton [37]
1916-1917 Toowoomba Technical College (former)124 Margaret Street, Toowoomba [38]
1919 ‘D’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College; (demolished 1997-98)Alma Street, Rockhampton [39]
1919-1921 Cairns Court House (former)38-40 Abbott St, Cairns [40] [41]
1925 Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts Cnr Trundle and Wardell Streets, Enoggera [42]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Queenslander (Brisbane), 10 April 1930
  2. Watson, Donald; McKay, Judith (1994). Queensland Architects of the 19th Century: A biographical dictionary. Brisbane: Queensland Museum. pp. 34, 36, 149–150.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Watson 1994, 150
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Watson 1994, 149
  5. 1 2 3 Watson 1994, 34
  6. Philip Goad and Julie Willis, eds. Encyclopedia of Australian Architects (Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 571-572
  7. The Brisbane Courier, 26 August 1903
  8. Watson 1994, 35
  9. "Parliament House (entry 600069)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  10. "Department of Primary Industries Building (former) (entry 601093)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  11. The Brisbane Courier, 20 June 1900
  12. "Brisbane Grammar School (entry 600124)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  13. "Customs House Rockhampton (entry 600817)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  14. "East Brisbane State School (entry 601476)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  15. The Queenslander (Brisbane) 10 August 1901
  16. "Naval Offices (former), Brisbane (entry 600101)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  17. The Brisbane Courier, 13 May 1901
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. "Land Administration Building (entry 600123)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  20. "Former North Ward Defence Complex, Townsville (entry 602147)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  21. "Woolloongaba Post Office (former) (entry 600357)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  22. The Queenslander (Brisbane) 10 August 1933
  23. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  24. "Former Dispenser's House, Diamantina Hospital (entry 602560)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  25. "Charters Towers Police Station (entry 600401)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  26. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  27. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  28. "Mackay Technical College (former) (entry 602056)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  29. "Brisbane Central Technical College (former) (entry 601728)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  30. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  31. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  32. "Wooloowin State School (entry 601565)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  33. "'A' Block, Central Queensland Institute of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Rockhampton Campus (entry 600789)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  34. "Digital Image View". www.archivessearch.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  35. "Windsor State School (entry 600991)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  36. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  37. "Rockhampton Court and Administrative Complex (entry 600795)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  38. "Toowoomba Technical College (former) (entry 600851)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  39. "'A' Block, Central Queensland Institute of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Rockhampton Campus (entry 600789)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  40. "Cairns Court House Complex (entry 600376)". Queensland Heritage Register . Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  41. "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  42. The Brisbane Courier, 10 February 1925