|Spouse(s)||Emily Ruth Ivy|
Thomas Pye (1861 –1930) was an Australian architect. He worked for over 33 years in the Public Works Department in Queensland. Pye contributed significantly to major buildings including the completion of the Public Offices (Treasury Building) and Rockhampton Customs House, as well as the design for the Lands and Survey Offices (Lands Administration Building). He was responsible for the heightened expectations which produced the best public buildings yet seen in Queensland.
The Department of Public Works is the department of the Queensland Government responsible for the construction of public works. It has existed under many different names since the establishment of government in Queensland. It contains the office of the Queensland Government Architect. In 2014, it is the Department of Housing and Public Works under the direction of Tim Mander, the Minister for Housing and Public Works.
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).
The Treasury Building, also previously known as the New Public Offices, is an heritage-listed former government public administration building located at 21 Queen Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was built from 1886 to 1928 for the Queensland Government. On 21 October 1992 the Italian Renaissance style building was added to the Queensland Heritage Register.
Thomas Pye was born in 1861 in Lancashire, England to Edward Pye, a farmer, and Ellen Newett.After receiving “an excellent training” as an architect in England, Pye emigrated to the colonies in c.1882. In 1883, Pye married Emily Ruth Ivy in September, while living in Mosman Bay, Sydney. In 1884, Pye moved to Brisbane and joined the Queensland Public Works Department to take charge of the documentation of John James Clark’s design for the Brisbane Public Offices (Treasury Building). After completion of the plans for the first stage of the Public Offices, Pye resigned from his public post at the end of May 1885.
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.
Mosman Bay is a bay of Sydney Harbour adjacent to the suburb of Mosman, 4 km north-east of the Sydney CBD in New South Wales, Australia. Three ferry wharves, Mosman Bay, South Mosman and Old Cremorne, are within the bay, all being served by the F6 Mosman Bay ferry service.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326, and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.
In 1885, Pye entered partnership with J.J. Clark’s brother George, having previously prepared the drawings for Clark’s Bros’ Brisbane Masonic Hall while employed in the offices of J.J. Clark.He was involved in a number of projects while at the firm, most notably the Imperial Hotel in Brisbane. Clark and Pye ended their partnership in early May 1886.
In June 1886 Pye rejoined the Works Department to prepare drawings for the Public Offices.Pye is associated with the preparation of the plans for the first and second sections of the Public Offices – those facing William Street and the Queen’s Gardens respectively. This was only a temporary appointment until he was appointed as a permanent draftsman in December 1889. During this time, Pye also engaged work with the tenderer for the project, Sydney contractors the Phippard Bros, in 1886 and 1887. In 1890, the drawings for the Public Offices were completed.
In 1892, A.B. Brady, the Engineer for Bridges, took charge of buildings as the Government Architect, and Pye was appointed Chief Draftsman.In 1898, Pye was appointed First Assistant Architect. In February 1902, Pye became District Architect, Southern Division with responsibility for Government buildings south of Gympie. His equivalent for the Northern Division was John Smith Murdoch. In 1904, John Smith Murdoch transferred to the Commonwealth. Consequently, Pye assumed responsibility for the whole of Queensland. In September 1906, Pye was appointed deputy Government Architect and Acting Under Secretary and continued in that office until his retrenchment in August 1921.
John Smith Murdoch was the chief architect for the Commonwealth of Australia from 1919, responsible for designing many government buildings, most notably the Provisional Parliament House in Canberra, the home of the Parliament of Australia from 1927 to 1988.
Pye was a military censor for about five months in 1914, and in September 1915, as a lieutenant-colonel, he was detailed to command Australian Imperial Forces reinforcements on transports.He took keen interest in shooting and was a prominent member of local rifle clubs. The lack of success in private practice may conceal a resumption of his previous role as a gun draftsman.
The First Australian Imperial Force was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade. The infantry division subsequently fought at Gallipoli between April and December 1915, being reinforced by a second division which was later raised, as well as three light horse brigades. After being evacuated to Egypt the AIF was expanded to five infantry divisions, which were committed to the fighting in France and Belgium along the Western Front in March 1916. A sixth infantry division was partially raised in 1917 in the United Kingdom, but was broken up and used as reinforcements following heavy casualties on the Western Front. Meanwhile, two mounted divisions remained in the Middle East to fight against Turkish forces in the Sinai and Palestine.
After leaving the Works Department, Pye practiced privately in Brisbane.An amateur artist, he was a member of the Queensland Authors’ and Artists’ Association and was a collector for the Queensland Museum. In May 1929 Pye left Brisbane to travel overseas. In 1930, Pye died after catching black-water fever at the Victoria Falls, South Africa. His daughter, Juanita Pye, was one of Queensland’s first female architects.
Responsibility for individual projects during his employment at the Public Works Department is difficult to discern. The Lands and Survey Offices (Land Administration Building) are considered Pye’s masterpiece.The significant stylistic and technical innovations used in the design of the Lands Offices such as the use of concrete and the Edwardian Baroque style make them almost a decade ahead of comparable Australian buildings. Pye personally supervised the details, including the statuary.
|Year completed||Structure name||Location||Notes|
|1885||Villa and Stable for W. Pickering (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)||Lytton Road, East Brisbane|
|1885||Cottage (as Clark and Pye); (no longer exists)||Remy Street, Petrie Bight|
|1885-1887||Imperial Hotel (as Clark and Pye)||70 George Street, Brisbane|
|1889||Relief Stonework Panels, Alice Street Wing, Parliament House||69 Alice Street, Brisbane|
|1897-1898||Post Office, Warwick||98 Palmerin Street, Warwick|
|1898||Department of Primary Industries Building William Street facade||99 William Street, Brisbane|
|1898-1899||Queensland Stock Institute (also known as the Bacteriological Institute, or the Director of Boarding Residence, Brisbane Grammar School)||College Road, Spring Hill|
|1899||Customs House Rockhampton (designed with G.D. Payne)||208 Quay Street, Rockhampton|
|1899-1900||East Brisbane State School||90 Wellington Road, East Brisbane|
|1899-1900||Post Office, Ipswich||114 Brisbane Street, Ipswich|
|1900||Police Station, Warwick||86 Fitzroy Street, Warwick|
|?1901||Killarney Courthouse; (no longer exists)||Killarney|
|1901||Naval Offices||3 Edward St, Brisbane|
|1901|| Decoration of Government Buildings in Brisbane|
(Customs House, the Treasury Buildings, Geological Museum, Lands Office, Government Printing Office, and various others)
|Primarily George, Queen and William Streets, Brisbane|
|1901||Stanthorpe Post Office||14 Maryland St, Stanthorpe|
|1901-1905||Land Administration Building (formerly Executive Building)||142 George Street, Brisbane|
|1904||Former North Ward Defence Complex additions (drill hall and administration offices)||4-6 Oxley Street, North Ward|
|1905||Woolloongabba Post Office (former)||765 Stanley Street, Woolloongabba|
|“Tekowai” House for W.G. Chancellor; (no longer exists)||Vulture Street, South Brisbane|
|1908||Brisbane General Post Office, Elizabeth Street additions||280 Elizabeth Street, Brisbane|
|1909||Former Dispenser’s House, Diamantina Hospital||Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba|
|1910||Charters Towers Police Station (formerly Charters Towers Police Barracks)||49 Gill Street, Charters Towers|
|1910||School Of Musketry (former)||431 Lloyd St, Gallipoli Army Barracks, Enoggera|
|1910||Small Arms Magazine (former)||Murray Av, Enoggera Barracks, Enoggera|
|1911-1912||Mackay Technical College (former)||Alfred Street, Mackay|
|1911-1915||Brisbane Central Technical College (former)||2 George Street, Brisbane|
|1911-1915||Enoggera Magazine Complex||Inwood Rd, Enoggera Military Camp, Enoggera|
|1913||Remount Complex (former)||Wynter Rd, Enoggera|
|1914||Wooloowin State School||663 Lutwyche Road, Lutwyche|
|1914|| ‘A’ Block Central Queensland Institute of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Rockhampton Campus |
(formerly ‘A’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College)
|Bolsover Street, Rockhampton|
|1914-1915||Warwick Technical College and State High School||Victoria Street, Warwick|
|1914-1915||Windsor State School||270 Lutwyche Rd, Windsor|
|1915-1916||Block ‘C’, Rockhampton District Court (formerly Rockhampton Branch of the Queensland State Government Savings Bank)||42 East Street, Rockhampton|
|1916-1917||Toowoomba Technical College (former)||124 Margaret Street, Toowoomba|
|1919||‘D’ Block, Rockhampton State High School and Technical College; (demolished 1997-98)||Alma Street, Rockhampton|
|1919-1921||Cairns Court House (former)||38-40 Abbott St, Cairns|
|1925||Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts||Cnr Trundle and Wardell Streets, Enoggera|
New Farm is a riverside inner suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The suburb is located 2 kilometres east of the Brisbane CBD on a large bend of the Brisbane River. New Farm is partly surrounded by the Brisbane River, with land access from the north-west through Fortitude Valley and from the north through Newstead. Merthyr is a neighbourhood within New Farm; until 1975 it was a separate suburb.
Richard Gailey, Sr. was an Irish-born Australian architect.
Charles Tiffin (1833–1873) was an English architect, who spent most of his career in Queensland, Australia where he held the post of Queensland Colonial Architect.
The Enoggera Memorial Hall, formerly the Enoggera Memorial Hall and School of Arts, is World War I memorial hall at 349 Wardell Street, Enoggera, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It currently houses the historical collection of the Enoggera and Districts Historical Society and is otherwise used as a hall for hire. The building was designed by former Queensland Government Architect, Colonel Thomas Pye, and was opened in November 1925. It is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.
George David Payne (1853–1916) was an Australian architect. He worked for a short time in the Public Works Department in Queensland, alongside John Smith Murdoch and Thomas Pye in a time when the Department was producing a considerable amount of high quality works. Payne's greatest achievement is undoubtedly his design of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Brisbane.
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