Thomas Q. Ashburn (general)

Last updated
Thomas Q. Ashburn
Major Gen. T.Q. Ashburn (sent to Time) LCCN2016876631.jpg
Born(1874-11-17)November 17, 1874
Batavia, Ohio, US
DiedMay 2, 1941(1941-05-02) (aged 66)
Service/branch United States Army
Rank Major general
Service number 0-575
AwardsSilver Citation Star,
Croix de Guerre,
Legion of Honor,
Distinguished Service Medal
Relations Percy Moreau Ashburn, brother
Julius Penn, cousin

Thomas Q. Ashburn (November 17, 1874 – May 2, 1941) was a United States Army major general active during World War I. [1] Ashburn wrote a unit history of the 324th Field Artillery Brigade as well as articles on waterways, rivers, forest fires, and transportation.

Contents

Early life

Ashburn was born in Batavia, Ohio. [2] He graduated number sixty-one of sixty-seven from the United States Military Academy in 1897. [3]

Career

Ashburn's first duty was with the 25th Infantry at Fort Missoula, in Montana, after which he was transferred to the artillery. Ashburn was commissioned a captain in the 34th United States Volunteer Infantry and was shipped to the Philippines.

In May 1900, he commanded one column of the pursuit of Emilio Aguinaldo. He was made a brevet major for gallantry in action at San Jacinto on November 11, 1899. From 1901 to 1902, Ashburn was the aide to General Arthur MacArthur, after which he was stationed in Cuba to command the 18th, 19th, and 24th Companies of Coast Artillery. He returned from Cuba in 1903, graduated from the School of Submarine Defense in 1907, and served a second tour in the Philippines. During World War I, Ashburn commanded and took to France the 324th Field Artillery Brigade and the 158th Field Artillery in 1918. [1]

Ashburn became chairman of the advisory board of the Inland Waterways Corporation and was made a brigadier general in 1924. In 1927, he became a major general. In 1938, he retired from the army, but remained with the Inland Waterways Corporation until 1939. [4] [5]

Awards

Ashburn earned a Silver Citation Star and was commended publicly and personally by General John J. Pershing. He also received both the Croix de Guerre and Legion of Honor from France, as well as the Mexican Order of Military Merit and the Distinguished Service Medal from the United States. [6]

Writings

Ashburn authored History of the 324th Field Artillery [7] [8] and numerous articles dealing with military matters, river transportation, and forest fires.

Death and legacy

Ashburn died at age 66 on May 2, 1941. [9]

Family

Colonel Percy Moreau Ashburn was his brother. [10] Brigadier General Julius Penn was his cousin. [11]

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References

  1. 1 2 Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975.P.17 ISBN   0837932017 OCLC   657162692
  2. "RPPC "Col. T.Q. Ashburn"". normandytothebulge.be. Retrieved July 11, 2022.
  3. Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998. P. 13 ISBN   1571970886 OCLC   231779136
  4. Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998. P. 13-14 ISBN   1571970886 OCLC   231779136
  5. "Assistant Comptroller General Elliott to Lieutenant Colonel W.M. Dixon, United States Army, December 21, 1939". Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. 19: 597. 1940. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  6. "RPPC Thomas Q. Ashburn".
  7. Ashburn, T. Q. History of the 324th Field Artillery, United States Army. New York: George H. Doran Co, 1919. OCLC   4444243
  8. Ashburn, Thomas Q. (June 14, 1919). "History of the 324th Field Artillery, United States Army". George H. Doran Company via Google Books.
  9. Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998. P. 14 ISBN   1571970886 OCLC   231779136
  10. Coyle, William (1962). Ohio Authors and Their Books: Biographical Data and Selective Bibliographies for Ohio Authors, Native and Resident, 1796-1950. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company. p. 18.
  11. Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy (1935). Sixty-Sixth Annual Report. Newburgh, NY: Moore Printing Company. p. 137.

Bibliography