Thomas R. Horton

Last updated
Thomas Raymond Horton
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New York's 18th district
In office
March 4, 1855 March 3, 1857
Preceded by Peter Rowe
Succeeded by Clark B. Cochrane
Personal details
Born(1823-04-18)April 18, 1823
Fultonville, New York, U.S.
DiedJuly 26, 1894(1894-07-26) (aged 71)
Fultonville, New York, U.S.
Resting place Old Fultonville Cemetery
Political party Opposition

Thomas Raymond Horton (April 18, 1823 – July 26, 1894) [1] was a U.S. Representative from New York.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Born in Fultonville, New York, Horton attended the public schools. He studied law and was admitted to the bar and practiced. He served as member of the Fultonville village board of trustees in 1848. He served as clerk of the Montgomery County board of supervisors for six years. He was a Justice of the Peace for eight years. He was editor and publisher of the Amsterdam (New York) Recorder from 1841 to 1857.

Fultonville, New York Village in New York, United States

Fultonville is a village in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 784 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat.

Admission to the bar in the United States

Admission to the bar in the United States is the granting of permission by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in the jurisdiction and before those courts. Each U.S. state and similar jurisdiction has its own court system and sets its own rules for bar admission, which can lead to different admission standards among states. In most cases, a person is "admitted" or "called" to the bar of the highest court in the jurisdiction and is thereby authorized to practice law in the jurisdiction. In addition, Federal Courts of the United States, although often overlapping in admission standards with states, set their own requirements for practice in each of those courts.

Montgomery County, New York County in the United States

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219. The county seat is Fonda. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

Horton was elected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857).

The Opposition Party was a party identification under which Northern, anti-slavery politicians, formerly members of the Democratic and Whig parties, briefly ran in the 1850s. This was in response to the expansion of slavery into the new territories. It was one of the movements which arose from the political chaos in the decade before the Civil War in the wake of the Compromise of 1850. The movement arose before and was quickly subsumed by the coalescence of the Republican Party in 1856.

34th United States Congress

The Thirty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from March 4, 1855, to March 4, 1857, during the last two years of Franklin Pierce's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. The Whig Party, one of the two major parties of the era, had largely collapsed, although many former Whigs ran as Republicans or as members of the "Opposition Party." The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House was controlled by a coalition of Representatives led by Nathaniel P. Banks, a member of the American Party.

During the protracted dispute over the election of a Speaker of the House in late 1855 and early 1856, fought largely on sectional grounds between proponents and opponents of slavery, Rust was one of those who attempted to negotiate a compromise. Unhappy about how his efforts were characterized by Horace Greeley in the New-York Tribune , Rust confronted Greeley on the grounds of the United States Capitol and knocked him down. An article about the event was published in a newspaper in Horton's district and over his initials. Upon deciding that the article was inaccurate and its tone offensive, Rust confronted Horton to ask whether he had written the item in question -- the preliminary step to issuing a challenge to a duel. Horton admitted authorship and agreed to apologize and retract his words; after first committing to do so in person on the floor of the House, he subsequently reached agreement with Rust to do so in writing instead, and issued his apology and retraction to the Washington Evening Star and other newspapers. [2]

Speaker of the United States House of Representatives position

The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The Speaker is the political and parliamentary leader of the House of Representatives, and is simultaneously the House's presiding officer, de facto leader of the body's majority party, and the institution's administrative head. Speakers also perform various other administrative and procedural functions. Given these several roles and responsibilities, the Speaker usually does not personally preside over debates. That duty is instead delegated to members of the House from the majority party. Neither does the Speaker regularly participate in floor debates.

Horace Greeley American politician and publisher

Horace Greeley was an American author and statesman who was the founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time. Long active in politics, he served briefly as a congressman from New York, and was the unsuccessful candidate of the new Liberal Republican party in the 1872 presidential election against incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant.

<i>New-York Tribune</i> newspaper

The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name New-York Daily Tribune. From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and then Republican newspaper in the United States. The paper achieved a circulation of approximately 200,000 in the 1850s, making it the largest daily paper then in New York City. The Tribune's editorials were widely read, shared, and copied in other city newspapers, helping to shape national American opinion. It was one of the first papers in the north to send reporters, correspondents, and illustrators to cover the campaigns of the American Civil War.

Horton was not a candidate for renomination in 1856. He served as delegate to the 1860 Republican National Convention. During the Civil War, he served as adjutant of the 115th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment from 1862 to 1864. After the war he was editor and publisher of the Montgomery County Republican. Horton was active in the Montgomery County Agricultural Society, and served on the board of directors of the Fonda and Fultonville Railroad.

1860 Republican National Convention

The 1860 Republican National Convention, also known as the 2nd Republican National Convention, was a nominating convention of the Republican Party of the United States, held in Chicago, Illinois, from May 16 to 18, 1860. The gathering nominated former U.S. Representative Abraham Lincoln of Illinois for President of the United States and Senator Hannibal Hamlin of Maine for Vice President.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Horton died in Fultonville on July 26, 1894. He was interred in the Old Fultonville Cemetery.

Fultonville Cemetery

Fultonville Cemetery, also known as the Old Village Cemetery or the Protestant Dutch Church Burying Ground, is a cemetery in Fultonville, New York. The cemetery was originally the burying ground for the Protestant Dutch Church of Fultonville, but was transferred to the village in 1848.

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References

  1. James H. Clark, The Iron Hearted Regiment, 1865, page 242]
  2. "The Rust and Greeley Affair" . Washington Evening Star. Washington, DC. February 20, 1856. p. 2.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Peter Rowe
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 18th congressional district

March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1857
Succeeded by
Clark B. Cochrane