Thomas R. Jackson

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Thomas R. Jackson (1826–1901) was an English-born American architect who rose to the position of head draftsman in the office of Richard Upjohn (1802–1872), one of New York's most prominent designers; in his position in Upjohn's office he was one of the designers in the construction of Trinity Church, New York. [1] The nature of his other work with Jackson is not known. The comparatively unknown [2] Jackson was a prolific architect in his own right.

Richard Upjohn English architect

Richard Upjohn was a British-born American architect who emigrated to the United States and became most famous for his Gothic Revival churches. He was partially responsible for launching the movement to such popularity in the United States. Upjohn also did extensive work in and helped to popularize the Italianate style. He was a founder and the first president of the American Institute of Architects. His son, Richard Michell Upjohn, (1828-1903), was also a well-known architect and served as a partner in his continued architectural firm in New York.

Jackson emigrated as a child to the United States with his parents.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

His five-story building constructed for the New York Times at 41 Park Row, 1851 (or 1857–1858), [3] was the first purpose-designed structure for a New York newspaper. His Italianate Grammar School 47, East 12th Street, (1855) was one of the first American public schools designed expressly for girls. [4]

Italianate architecture 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture

The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.

Jackson's Brooklyn Theater, Brooklyn, was considered one of the safest, most fireproof buildings, until it burned in December 1876. [5] His Academy of Music in Albany had burned in 1868, whereupon he was commissioned to design its replacement, the Trimble Opera House. [6]

Brooklyn Borough in New York City and county in New York state, United States

Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with an estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017. Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects Staten Island. Since 1896, Brooklyn has been coterminous with Kings County, the most populous county in the U.S. state of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County.

In 1888 plans and specifications for the buildings and the track for the Morris Park Racetrack were prepared by Jackson, personally approved in detail by John Morris, the entrepreneur of what became the most lavishly appointed racecourse in America. [7]

Among the architects who trained in Jackson's practice was Isaac G. Perry.

Isaac G. Perry American architect

Isaac Gale Perry (1822–1904), was a prolific New York State architect and builder. His works include New York State Inebriate Asylum, Monday Afternoon Club, Phelps Mansion and the First National Bank of Oxford.

Selected further commissions


  1. New York Times, 15 December 1876.
  2. He was included among the group of English architects of his generation who emigrated to William Barksdale Maynard, America in Architecture in the United States, 1800-1850, "The role of Britain and the Pictureseque" 2002:52
  3. Sarah Bradford Landau, Carl W. Condit, Rise of the New York Skyscraper: 1865-1913. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996). p. 51. ISBN   978-0-300-06444-5
  4. It was acquired by the New York Police Department in 1958 and houses the Police Athletic League (Guide to New York City Landmarks 3rd ed. 2003:62.)
  5. (New York Times) "The Coroner's inquest: testimony of Thomas R. Jackson, the architect of the theater", 15 December 1876.
  6. Henry Pitt Phelps, Players of a Century:A Record of the Albany Stage 1880:377f.
  7. Nicholas Di Brino, The History of the Morris Park Racecourse and the Morris Family (Bronx Historical Society), 1977
  8. Robert Bolton, History of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the County of Westchester 1855:719-21 (woodcut illus.)
  9. Landmarks Preservation Commission March 18, 2008, Designation List (pdf file). Other sources differ on the street number; see the section "844 Broadway at 13th Street," on the page Wallack's Theatre.
  10. (Real Estate Weekly, "Tribeca warehouse to be part of new Hudson center hotel", April 12, 1995.
  11. (New York Times) "A new eighth ward landmark", April 7, 1895

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