Thomas R. Jackson

Last updated

Thomas R. Jackson (1826–1901) was an English-born American architect who rose to the position of head draftsman in the office of Richard Upjohn (1802–1872), one of New York's most prominent designers; in his position in Upjohn's office he was one of the designers in the construction of Trinity Church, New York. [1] The nature of his other work with Jackson is not known. The comparatively unknown [2] Jackson was a prolific architect in his own right.

Richard Upjohn English architect

Richard Upjohn was a British-born American architect who emigrated to the United States and became most famous for his Gothic Revival churches. He was partially responsible for launching the movement to such popularity in the United States. Upjohn also did extensive work in and helped to popularize the Italianate style. He was a founder and the first president of the American Institute of Architects. His son, Richard Michell Upjohn, (1828-1903), was also a well-known architect and served as a partner in his continued architectural firm in New York.

Jackson emigrated as a child to the United States with his parents.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

His five-story building constructed for the New York Times at 41 Park Row, 1851 (or 1857–1858), [3] was the first purpose-designed structure for a New York newspaper. His Italianate Grammar School 47, East 12th Street, (1855) was one of the first American public schools designed expressly for girls. [4]

Italianate architecture 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture

The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.

Jackson's Brooklyn Theater, Brooklyn, was considered one of the safest, most fireproof buildings, until it burned in December 1876. [5] His Academy of Music in Albany had burned in 1868, whereupon he was commissioned to design its replacement, the Trimble Opera House. [6]

Brooklyn Borough in New York City and county in New York state, United States

Brooklyn is a borough of New York City, coterminous with Kings County, in the U.S. state of New York, the most populous county in the state, and the second-most densely populated county in the United States. It is New York City's most populous borough, with an estimated 2,504,700 residents in 2010. Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects it with Staten Island.

In 1888 plans and specifications for the buildings and the track for the Morris Park Racetrack were prepared by Jackson, personally approved in detail by John Morris, the entrepreneur of what became the most lavishly appointed racecourse in America. [7]

Among the architects who trained in Jackson's practice was Isaac G. Perry.

Isaac G. Perry American architect

Isaac Gale Perry (1822–1904), was a prolific New York State architect and builder. His works include New York State Inebriate Asylum, Monday Afternoon Club, Phelps Mansion and the First National Bank of Oxford.

Selected further commissions


  1. New York Times, 15 December 1876.
  2. He was included among the group of English architects of his generation who emigrated to William Barksdale Maynard, America in Architecture in the United States, 1800-1850, "The role of Britain and the Pictureseque" 2002:52
  3. Sarah Bradford Landau, Carl W. Condit, Rise of the New York Skyscraper: 1865-1913. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996). p. 51. ISBN   978-0-300-06444-5
  4. It was acquired by the New York Police Department in 1958 and houses the Police Athletic League (Guide to New York City Landmarks 3rd ed. 2003:62.)
  5. (New York Times) "The Coroner's inquest: testimony of Thomas R. Jackson, the architect of the theater", 15 December 1876.
  6. Henry Pitt Phelps, Players of a Century:A Record of the Albany Stage 1880:377f.
  7. Nicholas Di Brino, The History of the Morris Park Racecourse and the Morris Family (Bronx Historical Society), 1977
  8. Robert Bolton, History of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the County of Westchester 1855:719-21 (woodcut illus.)
  9. Landmarks Preservation Commission March 18, 2008, Designation List (pdf file) Archived 2015-01-22 at the Wayback Machine . Other sources differ on the street number; see the section "844 Broadway at 13th Street," on the page Wallack's Theatre.
  10. Michael Kimmelman, "Rediscovering An Ornate Cast Of Cast-Iron Buildings", The New York Times, April 22, 1988.
  11. (Real Estate Weekly, "Tribeca warehouse to be part of new Hudson center hotel", April 12, 1995.
  12. (New York Times) "A new eighth ward landmark", April 7, 1895

Related Research Articles

Green-Wood Cemetery Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York

Green-Wood Cemetery is a 478-acre (193 ha) cemetery in Brooklyn, New York City. The cemetery lies several blocks southwest of Prospect Park, located between South Slope/Greenwood Heights, Park Slope, Windsor Terrace, Borough Park, Kensington, and Sunset Park. It is generally bounded by 20th Street to the northeast, Fifth Avenue to the northwest, 36th and 37th Streets to the southwest, Fort Hamilton Parkway to the south, and McDonald Avenue to the east.

Fieldston, Bronx Neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City

Fieldston is a privately owned affluent neighborhood in the Riverdale section of the northwestern part of the New York City borough of the Bronx. It is bounded by Manhattan College Parkway to the south, Henry Hudson Parkway to the west, 250th Street to the north, and Broadway to the east. It is noted for its rural atmosphere, large houses and abundance of trees. The majority of the neighborhood is included in the Fieldston Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2006.

Vinegar Hill, Brooklyn Neighborhood of Brooklyn in New York City

Vinegar Hill is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City on the East River Waterfront between Dumbo and the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The neighborhood is locally governed by Brooklyn Community Board 2 and is policed by the New York City Police Department's 84th Precinct. The large Irish-American population in Vinegar Hill made it one of several New York areas once known colloquially as Irishtown.

Leopold Eidlitz American architect

Leopold Eidlitz was a prominent New York architect best known for his work on the New York State Capitol, as well as "Iranistan" (1848), P. T. Barnum's house in Bridgeport, Connecticut; St. Peter's Church, on Westchester Avenue at St. Peter's Avenue in the Bronx (1853); the Brooklyn Academy of Music on Montague Street in Brooklyn ; the former Temple Emanu-El ; the Broadway Tabernacle ; the completion of the Tweed Courthouse (1876–81); and the Park Presbyterian Chapel on West 86th Street and Amsterdam Avenue.

Charles C. Haight American architect

Charles Coolidge Haight was an American architect who practiced in New York City. He designed most of the buildings at Columbia College's now-demolished old campus on Madison Avenue, and designed numerous buildings at Yale University, many of which have survived. He designed the master plan and many of the buildings on the campus of the General Theological Seminary in Chelsea, New York, most of which have survived. Haight's architectural drawings and photographs are held in the Dept. of Drawings and Archives at the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University in New York City.

John Henry Hobart Brown 19th-century American Episcopal bishop

John Henry Hobart Brown was the first Bishop of the Diocese of Fond du Lac in the Episcopal Church.

R. H. Robertson American architect

Robert Henderson Robertson was an American architect who designed numerous houses, institutional buildings and churches.

Wallacks Theatre

Four New York City theaters have borne the name Wallack's Theatre. Each has had other names before or after, or both. All are demolished.

St. Peters Episcopal Church (Albany, New York) church in Albany, New York

St. Peter's Episcopal Church, also known as St. Peter's Church, is located in downtown Albany, New York, United States. It was designed in the mid-19th century by Richard Upjohn and his son Richard M. Upjohn in the French Gothic Revival architectural style. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, and designated a National Historic Landmark eight years later. It is also a contributing property to the Downtown Albany Historic District.

Richard M. Upjohn American architect

Richard Michell Upjohn, FAIA, was an American architect, co-founder and president of the American Institute of Architects.

Downtown Albany Historic District United States historic place

The Downtown Albany Historic District is a 19-block, 66-acre (27 ha) area of Albany, New York, United States, centered on the junction of State and North and South Pearl streets. It is the oldest settled area of the city, originally planned and settled in the 17th century, and the nucleus of its later development and expansion. In 1980 it was designated a historic district by the city and then listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Albany, New York Wikimedia list article

There are 65 properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Albany, New York, United States. Six are additionally designated as National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), the most of any city in the state after New York City. Another 14 are historic districts, for which 20 of the listings are also contributing properties. Two properties, both buildings, that had been listed in the past but have since been demolished have been delisted; one building that is also no longer extant remains listed.

St. Johns Chapel (New York City) Church in New York City, United States

St. John's Chapel was a chapel in the Episcopal parish of Trinity Church in Tribeca, Manhattan, New York City.

Anthony J. DePace American architect

Anthony J. DePace (1892–1977) was an American architect who designed numerous Roman Catholic churches throughout the Northeastern United States area during the mid to late 20th century.

Stephen Decatur Hatch American architect

Stephen Decatur Hatch was a prominent late-19th century architect who was responsible for a number of historically or architecturally significant buildings in Manhattan, New York City and elsewhere. He primarily designed commercial buildings.

George W. Conable (1866-1933), AIA, was an American architect practicing in New York City in the early to mid 20th century specializing in churches. In 1905 he was an assistant to noted architect Ernest Flagg and prepared plans and working drawings for the Singer Building. His office was at 15 Myrtle Avenue, Jamaica, Queens in the 1908, 46 West 24th Street in 1918. He entered into a brief partnership with Hobart Upjohn as the firm of Upjohn & Conable of 96 Fifth Avenue, New York, in 1911. He is best known as the architect of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church (1908) and Messiah Evangelical Lutheran Church (1926)

Joseph C. Wells American architect

Joseph Collins Wells (1814–1860) was an English-born architect who practiced in New York City from 1839 to 1860. He was a founding member of the American Institute of Architects, and several of his works have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Two of his works, the Henry C. Bowen House and the Jonathan Sturges House, have been designated as U.S. National Historic Landmarks. He also designed First Presbyterian Church, a New York City Landmark in Greenwich Village.

Albany Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Albany Street is a short street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City. The street runs west-to-east from the Battery Park City Esplanade along the Hudson River to Greenwich Street, passing through South End Avenue and West Street on the way. The street has a walkway connection to the Rector Street Bridge which crosses West Street.

Henry Chandler Bowen American publisher (1813-1896)

Henry Chandler Bowen was an American businessman, philanthropist, and publisher. He was an influential member of Plymouth Church in Brooklyn, where he resided much of his life, and the founder of the New York-based newspaper The Independent. He built a Gothic-style summer home named Roseland Cottage in Woodstock, Connecticut, his place of birth.