Thomas R. Jernigan
|Consul General of the United States, Shanghai|
|Preceded by||Alfred D. Jones|
|Succeeded by||John Goodnow|
|Born||24 February 1847|
Barfield, Hertford County, North Carolina, United States of America
|Died||1 November 1920 73)(aged|
Thomas Roberts Jernigan (1847–1920) was US consul in Kobe, Japan (1885–1889), and later US consul general in Shanghai, China (1893–1897). After leaving the diplomatic service he was Standard Oil Company's attorney in China, and served as chairman of the Shanghai International Settlement. From 1905, he went into private practice as a lawyer with Stirling Fessenden under the firm name Jernigan and Fessenden.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
Kobe is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is located on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, on the north shore of Osaka Bay and about 30 km (19 mi) west of Osaka. With a population around 1.5 million, the city is part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kyoto.
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People's Republic of China, the largest city in China by population, and the second most populous city proper in the world, with a population of 24.18 million as of 2017. It is a global financial centre and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea.
Jernigan Road (now, Xianxia Road (仙霞路)) in Shanghai was named after him.He wrote a number of works on Chinese economics.
Jernigan died in 1920 and was buried on a hill overlooking Nanjing. He is remembered on a plaque in Raleigh, North Carolina (corner of W Cabarrus and S McDowell on the north west side of the Raleigh Convention Centre.)
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of China and also the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of 6,600 km2 (2,500 sq mi) and a total population of 8,270,500 as of 2016. The inner area of Nanjing enclosed by the city wall is Nanjing City (南京城), with an area of 55 km2 (21 sq mi), while the Nanjing Metropolitan Region includes surrounding cities and areas, covering over 60,000 km2 (23,000 sq mi), with a population of over 30 million.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States. Raleigh is the second-largest city in the state, after Charlotte. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees, which line the streets in the heart of the city. The city covers a land area of 142.8 square miles (370 km2). The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population as 479,332 as of July 1, 2018. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country. The city of Raleigh is named after Sir Walter Raleigh, who established the lost Roanoke Colony in present-day Dare County.
A History of Banking in all the Leading Nations, first published in 1896 by The Journal of Commerce, is a four-volume history of banking in North America, Europe, China and Japan. At the time of publication it was described as "the largest and most expensive treatise on banking yet published". Thirteen authors contributed to the work, all of whom were considered "eminent as bankers, financiers and political economists". The title page bears the notice "Edited by the Editor of The Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin".
North American Review (NAR) was the first literary magazine in the United States. It was founded in Boston in 1815 by journalist Nathan Hale and others. It was published continuously until 1940, but was inactive from 1940 to 1964, until it was revived at Cornell College (Iowa) under Robert Dana. Since 1968, the University of Northern Iowa has been home to the publication. Nineteenth-century archives are freely available via Cornell University's Making of America.
Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore was an English poet and critic best known for The Angel in the House, his narrative poem about an ideal happy marriage.
Herbert Allen Giles was a British diplomat and sinologist who was the professor of Chinese at Cambridge University for 35 years. Giles was educated at Charterhouse School before becoming a British diplomat in China. He modified a Mandarin Chinese romanisation system established by Thomas Wade, resulting in the widely known Wade–Giles Chinese romanisation system. Among his many works were translations of the Analects of Confucius, the Lao Tzu , the Chuang Tzu, and, in 1892, the widely published A Chinese-English Dictionary.
Sir Rutherford Alcock, KCB was the first British diplomatic representative to live in Japan.
The Shanghai International Settlement originated from the 1863 merger of the British and American enclaves in Shanghai, parts of the Qing Empire held extraterritorially under the terms of a series of Unequal Treaties.
The United States Court for China was a United States district court that had extraterritorial jurisdiction over U.S. citizens in China. It existed from 1906 to 1943 and had jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters, with appeals taken to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco.
Paul Georg von Möllendorff was a German linguist and diplomat. Möllendorff is mostly known for his service as an adviser to the Korean king Gojong in the late nineteenth century and for his contributions to Sinology. Möllendorff is also known for having created a system for romanizing the Manchu language.
Sir John Newell Jordan was a British diplomat.
Stirling Fessenden was an American lawyer who practised in Shanghai. He was the chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council from 1923 to 1929 and then Secretary-General of the Council from 1929 to 1939.
Sir Nicholas John Hannen was a British barrister, diplomat and judge who served in China and Japan. He was the Chief Justice of the British Supreme Court for China and Japan from 1891 to 1900 and also served concurrently as Consul-General in Shanghai from 1891 to 1897. He was judge of the British Court for Japan from 1881 to 1891. He was the brother of James Hannen, a noted British judge of the 19th century. His son, Nicholas "Beau" Hannen was a famous actor of the early and mid-20th century.
Sir Havilland Walter de Sausmarez, 1st Baronet was a judge of various British colonial or consular courts in Africa and Asia, the Ottoman Empire and China. His last judicial position before retirement was as Chief Judge of the British Supreme Court for China. He later served as Bailiff of Guernsey.
Edward Harper Parker was an English barrister and sinologist who wrote a number of books on the First and Second Opium Wars and other Chinese topics. On his return to England he ended his career as a university professor.
The Consulate General of the United States in Shanghai is one of the six American diplomatic and consular posts in the People's Republic of China.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
Roberts H. Jernigan House is a historic home located at Ahoskie, Hertford County, North Carolina. It was built in 1917-1918, and is a two-story, Southern Colonial style frame dwelling with a truncated hip roof. It is sheathed in weatherboard and features a two-story, pedimented portico flanked by one-story porches extending to sides.
Sir Richard Temple Rennie was a British barrister and judge who served in China and Japan. He was the Chief Justice of the British Supreme Court for China and Japan from 1881 to 1891. He was judge of the British Court for Japan from its creation in 1879 to 1881.
George Jamieson CMG (1843-1920) was a British diplomat and judge who served in China. His last position before retirement from government service was as British Consul-General in Shanghai.
William Howell Forbes was an American businessman in Hong Kong. He was the head partner of the Russell & Co. and was the 11th chairman of the board of Directors of Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation from 1879 to 1880. He was the uncle of United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Thomas Watters was born on 9 February 1840, and died on 10 January, 1901 at Ealing, London, England. He was a respected Oriental scholar.
Nicholas Fessenden was a US attorney and politician who served from 1891 to 1896 as Secretary of State of Maine.
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