Thomas Raines

Last updated
Thomas Raines
Thomas Raines.jpg
Born(1842-08-13)August 13, 1842
DiedAugust 12, 1924(1924-08-12) (aged 81)
Title New York State Treasurer
Term1872–1875
Political party Republican and Democrat
Parent(s)Rev. John Raines (1818–1877)
Mary Raines (1815–1889)
Relatives John Raines (1840–1909)
George Raines (1846–1908)

Thomas Raines (August 13, 1842 – August 12, 1924) was an American lawyer and politician.

Contents

Life

He was born on August 13, 1842, in Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York, the son of Rev. John Raines (1818–1877) and Mary (Remington) Raines (1815–1889). He was educated in Canandaigua and began his career as a store clerk in Lyons. At age 21, he became active in finance as one of the organizers of a new bank in Geneva. In 1867, he settled in Rochester and became Cashier of the "Farmers' and Mechanics' National Bank."

Canandaigua (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Canandaigua is a town in Ontario County, New York, United States. The population was 10,020 at the 2010 census. The name is a native word ("Kah-nan-dah-kwe") for "the chosen spot" or "the chosen place."

Ontario County, New York County in the United States

Ontario County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,931. The county seat is Canandaigua.

Lyons, New York Town in New York, United States

Lyons is a town in Wayne County, New York, United States. The population was 5,682 at the 2010 census. It is named after Lyon, France.

He was New York State Treasurer from 1872 to 1875. He was elected at the New York state election, 1871 on the Republican ticket, [1] became a Liberal Republican in 1872, and was re-elected at the New York state election, 1873 on the Democratic ticket. [2]

The New York State Treasurer was a state cabinet officer in the State of New York between 1776 and 1926. During the re-organization of the state government under Governor Al Smith, the office was abolished and its responsibilities transferred to the new Department of Audit and Control headed to the New York State Comptroller.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Liberal Republican Party (United States) American political party (1870-1872)

The Liberal Republican Party of the United States was an American political party that was organized in May 1872 to oppose the reelection of President Ulysses S. Grant and his Radical Republican supporters in the presidential election of 1872. The party emerged in Missouri under the leadership of Senator Carl Schurz and soon attracted other opponents of Grant. The party opposed Grant's Reconstruction policies and sought civil service reform. It lost in a landslide and disappeared after the 1872 election.

In May 1874, he suffered a nervous breakdown. He was described in contemporary news accounts as a "raving lunatic", being "stark mad", and suffering from "religious frenzy". [3] He was declared incapacitated, and sent to the Utica State Asylum for treatment. On June 1, 1874, Abraham Lansing was appointed by Governor John Adams Dix as Acting Treasurer, pending Raines's recovery or a decision by the State Legislature which would convene only next January. [4] After recovering his mental health, Raines was reinstated to the Treasury by Governor Dix on August 19, 1874. [5]

Utica Psychiatric Center historic building in New York state, USA

The Utica Psychiatric Center, also known as Utica State Hospital, opened in Utica on January 16, 1843. It was New York's first state-run facility designed to care for the mentally ill, and one of the first such institutions in the United States. It was originally called the New York State Lunatic Asylum at Utica. The Greek Revival structure was designed by Captain William Clarke and its construction was funded by the state and by contributions from Utica residents.

Abraham Lansing American politician

Abraham Lansing was an American lawyer and politician.

John Adams Dix Union Army General

John Adams Dix was Secretary of the Treasury, Governor of New York and Union major general during the Civil War. He was notable for arresting the pro-Southern Maryland legislature, preventing that divided border state from seceding, and for arranging a system for prisoner exchange via the Dix–Hill Cartel, concluded in partnership with Confederate Major General Daniel Harvey Hill.

Afterwards Raines studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1879, and practiced law in Rochester. In 1883, he was appointed as a special county judge of Monroe County. In 1911, he was President of the Monroe County Bar Association.

Monroe County, New York County in the United States

Monroe County is a county in the western portion of the state of New York, in the United States. The county is along Lake Ontario's southern shore. As of 2018, Monroe County's population was 742,474, a decrease since the 2010 census. Its county seat is the city of Rochester. The county is named after James Monroe, the fifth President of the United States. Monroe County is part of the Rochester, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current County Executive is Cheryl Dinolfo.

Raines died on August 12, 1924, in Rochester, New York; and was buried at the Mount Hope Cemetery there.

Rochester, New York City in Western New York

Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in western New York. With a population of 208,046 residents, Rochester is the seat of Monroe County and the third most populous city in New York state, after New York City and Buffalo. The metropolitan area has a population of just over 1 million people. It is about 73 miles (117 km) east of Buffalo and 87 miles (140 km) west of Syracuse.

Mount Hope Cemetery (Rochester) cemetery in Rochester, New York

Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York, founded in 1838, is the first municipal cemetery in the United States'. Situated on 196 acres (79 ha) of land adjacent to the University of Rochester on Mount Hope Avenue, the cemetery is the permanent resting place of over 350,000 people. The annual growth rate of this cemetery is 500-600 burials per year.

Congressman John Raines (1840–1909) and State Senator George Raines (1846–1908) were his brothers.

John Raines American politician

John Raines was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He authored the 1896 Raines Law, which prohibited liquor sales on Sundays, except in hotels, which had the unintended consequence of fostering prostitution.

George Raines American politician

George Raines was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

Works

Sources

Political offices
Preceded by
Wheeler H. Bristol
New York State Treasurer
1872–1874
Succeeded by
Abraham Lansing
Acting
Preceded by
Abraham Lansing
Acting
New York State Treasurer
1874–1875
Succeeded by
Charles N. Ross

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