Thomas Randolph (~1683 – 1729), also known as Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, was the first settler at Tuckahoe, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, and the second child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
Tuckahoe, also known as Tuckahoe Plantation, is located in Tuckahoe, Virginia on Route 650 near Manakin, Virginia overlapping both Goochland and Henrico counties, six miles from the town of the same name. Built in the first half of the 18th century, it is a well-preserved example of a colonial plantation house, and is particularly distinctive as a colonial prodigy house. Thomas Jefferson is also recorded as having spent some of his childhood here. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1969.
William Randolph I was an American colonist, landowner, planter, merchant, and politician who played an important role in the history and government of the English colony of Virginia. He moved to Virginia sometime between 1669 and 1673, and married Mary Isham a few years later. His descendants include many prominent individuals including Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, Paschal Beverly Randolph, Robert E. Lee, Peyton Randolph, Edmund Randolph, John Randolph of Roanoke, George W. Randolph, and Edmund Ruffin. Genealogists have taken an interest in him for his progeny's many marital alliances, referring to him and Mary Isham as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia".
Randolph was born on the Turkey Island Plantation along the James River in Henrico County, Virginia in 1681.Based on a New Kent County marriage record, Thomas Randolph married Judith Fleming (ca. 1689-ca. 1740) in 1712 and the same Judith Fleming was named as Randolph's widow in a subsequent settlement upon her marriage to Nicholas Davies in 1733. The couple had three children:
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia that begins in the Appalachian Mountains and flows 348 miles (560 km) to Chesapeake Bay. The river length extends to 444 miles (715 km) if one includes the Jackson River, the longer of its two source tributaries. It is the longest river in Virginia and the 12th longest river in the United States that remains entirely within a single state. Jamestown and Williamsburg, Virginia’s first colonial capitals, and Richmond, Virginia's current capital, lie on the James River.
Henrico County, officially the County of Henrico, is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 306,935. In 2015, the population was estimated to be 320,717, making it the fifth-most populous county in Virginia and the sixth-most populous county-equivalent in Virginia. Henrico County is included in the Greater Richmond Region. There is no incorporated community within Henrico County, therefore, there is no incorporated county seat either. Laurel, an unincorporated CDP, serves this function.
Mann Page (1749–1781) was an American lawyer and planter from Spotsylvania County, Virginia. He was a delegate for Virginia to the Continental Congress in 1777. He was the brother of Virginia Governor John Page.
Thomas Mann Randolph Sr. (1741–1793) was the only son of William Randolph III (1712–1745) and Maria Judith Page, the daughter of Mann Page,. Since Thomas' parents died by the time he was five years old, Peter Jefferson and his wife Jane Randolph Jefferson brought their young family to Tuckahoe Plantation to take care of him and his two sisters until he came of age.
William Stith was an early American historian. He is the author of one of the earliest histories of Virginia, The History of the First Discovery and Settlement of Virginia: being an Essay towards a General History of this Colony, published in Williamsburg by William Parks in 1747. He was also the College of William & Mary's third president (1752–1755) and is the namesake of Stith Hall, a residence hall on the College's campus.
The historian William Edward Railey reported that Randolph married Churchill in 1710, but she died in 1712 (possibly during the birth of his oldest son, William).Railey notes that Randolph married his second wife, Fleming, that same year on October 16, 1712 in New Kent County, Virginia. This information is now known to be incorrect, and based on the writings of Richard Randolph of Bizarre (1770-1796). Both Thomas Mann Randolph's grandmothers (Richard's great-grandmothers) were named Judith; one was Judith Fleming , married to Thomas Randolph; and the other was Judith Wormeley (1694-1716), step-daughter of Col. William Churchill, married to Mann Page in 1712, and mother of Maria Judith (Page) Randolph.
New Kent County is a county in the eastern part the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 18,429. Its county seat is New Kent.
Tuckahoe was reportedly built by Randolph around the time of his marriage to Judith Fleming, but dendrochronology analysis on the house reveals the present dwelling was most likely constructed beginning ca. 1735.His estate was in the part of Henrico County that later became Goochland County. Randolph and his brother William Randolph II were the two representatives from Henrico in the House of Burgesses for the 1720 to 1722 session. He was the county lieutenant for Goochland in 1728.
Goochland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its southern border is formed by the James River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,717. Its county seat is Goochland.
William Randolph II, also known as William Randolph Jr. or Councillor Randolph, was an American planter and politician. He was the Treasurer of Virginia and the oldest child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
Randolph was a great-uncle of United States President Thomas Jefferson.
The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.
Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he had served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights, motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation; he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level.
|Ancestors of Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe|
Colonel Robert Bolling was a wealthy early American settler planter and merchant.
Isham Randolph, sometimes referred to as Isham Randolph of Dungeness, was the maternal grandfather of United States President Thomas Jefferson. Randolph was a planter, a merchant, a public official, and a shipmaster.
Peter Jefferson was the father of US President Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826). A surveyor and cartographer, his "Fry-Jefferson Map" of 1751—created in collaboration with Joshua Fry—accurately depicted the Allegheny Mountains for the first time and showed the route of "The Great Road from the Yadkin River through Virginia to Philadelphia distant 455 Miles"—what would later come to be known as the Great Wagon Road.
Beverley Randolph was an American politician from Virginia. From 1788 to 1791, he served as the eighth Governor of Virginia.
Major John Bolling was a colonist, farmer, and politician in the Virginia Colony.
The Randolph family is a prominent Virginia political family, whose members contributed to the politics of Colonial Virginia and Virginia after it gained its statehood. They are descended from the Randolphs of Morton Morrell, Warwickshire, England. The first Randolph to come to America was Henry Randolph in 1643. His nephew, William Randolph, later came to Virginia as an orphan in 1669. He made his home at Turkey Island along the James River. Because of their numerous progeny, William Randolph and his wife, Mary Isham Randolph, have been referred to as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia." The Randolph family was the wealthiest and most powerful family in 18th-century Virginia.
Col. Archibald Cary was a Virginia planter, soldier, politician, and major landowner. He was a political figure from the colony of Virginia.
- In the original Wikipedia entry appears to have combined John Fleming Sr. (I) and John Fleming Jr. (II).
Edward Randolph, sometimes referred to as Edward Randolph of Bremo, was a ship captain, a London tobacco merchant, and the seventh and youngest son of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
John Stith was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and the progenitor of the Stith family, one of the first families of Virginia. He was christened in Kirkham parish in 1638, came to N. America as a servant indentured to Howell Pryse in 1656 and by 15 FEB 1663 had a grant with Samuel Eale for 500 acres on the N. side of the river in same county. The rebel Nathaniel Bacon named Lt. Stith as one of the reasons for the general grievances of 1676, but no further record elaborating this has been found. He was actually a Captain of militia by that year. He eventually owned several large tracts of land in the county but his home was most likely between Oldman's Creek and Gunn's Run and possibly on the site of the 18th century home now called Colesville. For many years he served as one of the 12 county Justices as well as the High Sheriff. He was mentioned as being deceased in court records in the of Spring of 1694, probably a recent death as a government representative was dispatched to go by his home and collect the "county standards"- likely a reference to commercial trade weights, as opposed to flags. His grave is unknown and might well have been on his residence or in Jamestown, being a former burgess.
Virginia Randolph Cary was an American writer. She was the author of Letters on Female Character, Addressed to a Young Lady, on the Death of Her Mother (1828), an influential advice book.
Richard Randolph (c.1691–1749), sometimes referred to as Richard Randolph "of Curles," was a successful planter-merchant on the James River and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1727 until his death. Randolph was the fifth son of William Randolph and Mary Isham, as well as the grandfather of John Randolph of Roanoke. He was also recommended for appointment to the Governor's Council of Virginia four times but never received an appointment. In 1724, Randolph married Jane Bolling (1702–1766), the daughter of John Bolling "of Cobbs" and Mary Kennon. They had seven children: Richard II (c.1725–1786), Mary (1727–1781), Jane (c.1729–bef.1757), Brett (c.1732–1749), Ryland (c.1734–1785), Elizabeth (c.1736–1773), and John (1742–1775). He died in Bath, Somerset, England, on 17 December 1748, where he had gone to recover his health.
Peter Beverley (1668–1728) was a Speaker of the House of Burgesses and Treasurer of Virginia. He was born in Jamestown.
Sir John Randolph was an American politician. He was a Speaker of the House of Burgesses, an Attorney General for the Colony of Virginia, and the youngest son of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
... Thomas of Tuckahoe had three children, viz.: William Randolph III, Mary Isham Randolph, and Judith Randolph. William Randolph III married Maria Judith Page and inherited the Tuckahoe Estate, which is turn was inherited by his son Col. Thomas Mann Randolph.