Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe

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Thomas Randolph (~1683 1729), [1] also known as Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, was the first settler at Tuckahoe, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, and the second child of William Randolph and Mary Isham. [2] [3] [4]

Tuckahoe (plantation) plantation in Virginia

Tuckahoe, also known as Tuckahoe Plantation, is located in Tuckahoe, Virginia on Route 650 near Manakin, Virginia overlapping both Goochland and Henrico counties, six miles from the town of the same name. Built in the first half of the 18th century, it is a well-preserved example of a colonial plantation house, and is particularly distinctive as a colonial prodigy house. Thomas Jefferson is also recorded as having spent some of his childhood here. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1969.

William Randolph American politician,born 1650

William Randolph I was an American colonist, landowner, planter, merchant, and politician who played an important role in the history and government of the English colony of Virginia. He moved to Virginia sometime between 1669 and 1673, and married Mary Isham a few years later. His descendants include many prominent individuals including Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, Paschal Beverly Randolph, Robert E. Lee, Peyton Randolph, Edmund Randolph, John Randolph of Roanoke, George W. Randolph, and Edmund Ruffin. Genealogists have taken an interest in him for his progeny's many marital alliances, referring to him and Mary Isham as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia".

Contents

Biography

Randolph was born on the Turkey Island Plantation along the James River in Henrico County, Virginia in 1681. [2] Based on a New Kent County marriage record, Thomas Randolph married Judith Fleming (ca. 1689-ca. 1740) in 1712 and the same Judith Fleming was named as Randolph's widow in a subsequent settlement upon her marriage to Nicholas Davies in 1733. The couple had three children: [2] [3]

James River river in Virginia, United States

The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia that begins in the Appalachian Mountains and flows 348 miles (560 km) to Chesapeake Bay. The river length extends to 444 miles (715 km) if one includes the Jackson River, the longer of its two source tributaries. It is the longest river in Virginia and the 12th longest river in the United States that remains entirely within a single state. Jamestown and Williamsburg, Virginia’s first colonial capitals, and Richmond, Virginia's current capital, lie on the James River.

Henrico County, Virginia County in the United States

Henrico County, officially the County of Henrico, is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 306,935. In 2015, the population was estimated to be 320,717, making it the fifth-most populous county in Virginia and the sixth-most populous county-equivalent in Virginia. Henrico County is included in the Greater Richmond Region. There is no incorporated community within Henrico County, therefore, there is no incorporated county seat either. Laurel, an unincorporated CDP, serves this function.

Mann Page American politician

Mann Page (1749–1781) was an American lawyer and planter from Spotsylvania County, Virginia. He was a delegate for Virginia to the Continental Congress in 1777. He was the brother of Virginia Governor John Page.

Thomas Mann Randolph Sr. (1741–1793) was the only son of William Randolph III (1712–1745) and Maria Judith Page, the daughter of Mann Page,. Since Thomas' parents died by the time he was five years old, Peter Jefferson and his wife Jane Randolph Jefferson brought their young family to Tuckahoe Plantation to take care of him and his two sisters until he came of age.

William Stith was an early American historian. He is the author of one of the earliest histories of Virginia, The History of the First Discovery and Settlement of Virginia: being an Essay towards a General History of this Colony, published in Williamsburg by William Parks in 1747. He was also the College of William & Mary's third president (1752–1755) and is the namesake of Stith Hall, a residence hall on the College's campus.

The historian William Edward Railey reported that Randolph married Churchill in 1710, but she died in 1712 (possibly during the birth of his oldest son, William). [9] Railey notes that Randolph married his second wife, Fleming, that same year on October 16, 1712 in New Kent County, Virginia. [9] [10] This information is now known to be incorrect, and based on the writings of Richard Randolph of Bizarre (1770-1796). Both Thomas Mann Randolph's grandmothers (Richard's great-grandmothers) were named Judith; one was Judith Fleming , married to Thomas Randolph; and the other was Judith Wormeley (1694-1716), step-daughter of Col. William Churchill, married to Mann Page in 1712, and mother of Maria Judith (Page) Randolph.

New Kent County, Virginia County in the United States

New Kent County is a county in the eastern part the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 18,429. Its county seat is New Kent.

Tuckahoe was reportedly built by Randolph around the time of his marriage to Judith Fleming, but dendrochronology analysis on the house reveals the present dwelling was most likely constructed beginning ca. 1735. [3] His estate was in the part of Henrico County that later became Goochland County. [11] Randolph and his brother William Randolph II were the two representatives from Henrico in the House of Burgesses for the 1720 to 1722 session. [11] He was the county lieutenant for Goochland in 1728. [11]

Goochland County, Virginia County in Virginia, United States

Goochland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its southern border is formed by the James River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,717. Its county seat is Goochland.

William Randolph II American planter

William Randolph II, also known as William Randolph Jr. or Councillor Randolph, was an American planter and politician. He was the Treasurer of Virginia and the oldest child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.

Randolph was a great-uncle of United States President Thomas Jefferson.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Thomas Jefferson 3rd president of the United States

Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he had served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights, motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation; he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level.

Ancestry

See also

Notes

  1. Some references indicate the husband of Mary Randolph to be William Keith. [2] [3] [8]

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References

  1. Randolph, Robert Isham (1936). The Randolphs of Virginia: A Compilation of the Descendants of William Randolph of Turkey Island and His Wife Mary Isham Of Bermuda Hundred (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-27.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Page, Richard Channing Moore (1893). "Randolph Family". Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia (2 ed.). New York: Press of the Publishers Printing Co. pp. 249–272.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed. (1898). "The Randolphs: Randolph Genealogy". Some Colonial Mansions: And Those Who Lived In Them : With Genealogies Of The Various Families Mentioned. 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 430–459.
  4. Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. (1915). "Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons". Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. II. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 311.
  5. Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society (Vol 16 No 47 ed.). Frankfort, KY: Kentucky State Historical Society. May 1918. p. 64. Retrieved 28 February 2018. ... Thomas of Tuckahoe had three children, viz.: William Randolph III, Mary Isham Randolph, and Judith Randolph. William Randolph III married Maria Judith Page and inherited the Tuckahoe Estate, which is turn was inherited by his son Col. Thomas Mann Randolph.
  6. Gordon, Armistead C (1914). "The Stith Family". In Tyler, Lyon G. (ed.). William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. XXII. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson. p. 44.
  7. 1 2 Connelley, William Elsey; Coulter, E.M. (1922). "Capt. Pendleton Farmer De Weese Keith". In Kerr, Charles (ed.). History of Kentucky. III. New York: The American Historical Society. p. 122.
  8. Dillon, John Forrest, ed. (1903). "Introduction". John Marshall; life, character and judicial services as portrayed in the centenary and memorial addresses and proceedings throughout the United States on Marshall day, 1901, and in the classic orations of Binney, Story, Phelps, Waite and Rawle. I. Chicago: Callaghan & Company. pp. liv–lv.
  9. 1 2 Railey, W.E. (September 1918). Morton, Jennie C. (ed.). "Notes and Corrections of the Railey Genealogy". The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. Frankfort, Kentucky: The State Journal Company. 16 (48): 47–49. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  10. Railey, William Edward (2002) [1938]. History of Woodford County, Kentucky. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 278. ISBN   9780806379999.
  11. 1 2 3 Sorley, Merrow Egerton (2000) [1935]. "Chapter 33: Families Related to the Lewis Family". Lewis of Warner Hall: The History of a Family. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 832. ISBN   9780806308319.