Thomas Rattray

Last updated

The Most Reverend

Thomas Rattray,

Bishop of Dunkeld
Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church
Jacobite broadside - Portrait of Bish Thomas RATTRAY (1688-1743).jpg
Church Scottish Episcopal Church
In office1731-1743
Predecessor John Hamilton of Blair
Successor John Alexander
Other posts Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1738–1743)
Orders
Consecration4 June 1727
by  Arthur Millar
Personal details
Born1684
Died12 May 1743 (aged 59)
Nationality Scottish
Previous post Bishop of Brechin (1727–1731)

Thomas Rattray (1684–1743) was a Scottish Episcopalian bishop who served as the Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church from 1738 to 1743. [1] [2]

The Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church, styled "The Most Reverend the Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church", is the presiding bishop of the Scottish Episcopal Church. The current Primus is the Most Revd. Mark Strange who became primus on 27 June 2017.

The seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church make up the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in Scotland. The church has, since the 18th century, held an identity distinct from that of the Presbyterian-aligned Church of Scotland.

He was chosen as Bishop of Brechin by the clergy of that diocese, in opposition to John Ochterlony who was the choice of the college of bishops. [1] He was consecrated in Edinburgh on 4 June 1727 by Primus Millar and bishops Gadderar and Cant, but the college of bishops contended that Rattray's consecration had been irregular and uncanonical. [1] [2] The matter was not resolved until he was appointed Bishop of Dunkeld in 1731. [1] [2] He was also elected the Primus in July 1738. [1] [2]

Bishop of Brechin Wikimedia list article

The Bishop of Brechin is the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese of Brechin or Angus, based at Dundee. Brechin Cathedral, Brechin is a parish church of the established (presbyterian) Church of Scotland. The diocese had a long-established Gaelic monastic community which survived into the 13th century. The clerical establishment may very well have traced their earlier origins from Abernethy. During the Scottish Reformation, the Presbyterian Church of Scotland gained control of the heritage and jurisdiction of the bishopric. However, the line of bishops has continued to this day, according to ancient models of consecration, in the Scottish Episcopal Church.

John Ochterlony, MA (1667–1742) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as the Bishop of Brechin from 1731 to 1742.

In the early days of the Scottish Episcopal Church, college bishops were men who were consecrated bishops in order to maintain apostolic succession but (extraordinarily) not appointed to any episcopal see. Fourteen such men were consecrated, eight of whom were later appointed to Scottish sees.

He died in office on 12 May 1743, aged 59. [1] [2]

Related Research Articles

Andrew Bruce Cameron is a Scottish Anglican bishop who served as the Bishop of Aberdeen and Orkney and the Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church.

Robert Keith (historian) Scottish Episcopal bishop and historian

Bishop Robert Keith (1681–1757) was a Scottish Episcopal bishop and historian.

The Bishop of Edinburgh is the ordinary of the Scottish Episcopal Diocese of Edinburgh.

John Skinner (bishop) Scottish bishop

John Skinner was an Anglican clergyman who served as the Bishop of Aberdeen from 1786 to 1816 and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church from 1788 to 1816.

Robert Kilgour Scottish Anglican minister

Robert Kilgour (1714–1790) was a Scottish clergyman who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as Bishop of Aberdeen from 1768 to 1786 and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church from 1782 to 1788. He was an outspoken supporter of the Jacobite cause.

Mark Strange (bishop) Anglican bishop

Mark Jeremy Strange is an Anglican bishop. He is the current Bishop of Moray, Ross and Caithness in the Scottish Episcopal Church. He is the Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church, having been elected at an Episcopal Synod in Edinburgh on 27 June 2017.

James Rait, MA (1689–1777) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as the Bishop of Brechin from 1742 to 1777.

George Innes (1717–1781) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as the Bishop of Brechin from 1778 to 1781.

John Alexander (1694–1776) was an Anglican bishop who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as Bishop of Dunkeld from 1743 to 1776.

David Freebairn, M.A. (1653–1739) was a Scottish clergyman who served as a minister in the Church of Scotland, before becoming a prelate in the Scottish Episcopal Church, and in which he was Bishop of Galloway (1731–1733), Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1731–1738) and Bishop of Edinburgh (1733–1739).

Robert White was a Scottish minister who served as the Bishop of Dunblane (1735–43), Bishop of Fife (1743–61) and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1757–61).

Henry Edgar was a Scottish Episcopal minister who served as the Bishop of Fife from 1762 to 1765.

The Right Rev Dr James Walker DD FRSE was an Episcopalian bishop who served as the Bishop of Edinburgh (1830–1841) and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1837–1841).

William Dunbar, M.A. was a Scottish Episcopal clergyman who served as the Bishop of Moray and Ross (1727–35) and Bishop of Aberdeen (1733–1745).

Andrew Lumsden, M.A. (1654–1733) was a Scottish clergyman who served as the Bishop of Edinburgh (1727–1733) and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1727–1731).

John Gillan (c.1667–1735) was a Scottish Episcopal clergyman and author who served as the Bishop of Dunblane from 1731 to 1735.

William Falconer (1707–1784) was a Scottish clergyman who served as the Bishop of Moray (1742–1778), Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church (1762–1782) and Bishop of Edinburgh (1776–1784).

Jonathan Watson (1760–1808) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as the Bishop of Dunkeld from 1792 to 1808.

Arthur Millar was an Anglican bishop in the first third of the 18th century.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Bertie, David M. (2000). Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689-2000. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 118. ISBN   0567087468.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Skinner, John (1818). Annals of Scottish Episcopacy. Aberbeen: A. Brown & Co. p. 535.
Scottish Episcopal Church titles
Preceded by
Robert Norrie
Bishop of Brechin
1727–1731
Succeeded by
John Ochterlony
Preceded by
John Hamilton
Bishop of Dunkeld
1731–1743
Succeeded by
John Alexander
Preceded by
David Freebairn
Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church
1738–1743
Succeeded by
Robert Keith