Thomas Herald Rea (1929 – February 7, 2016) was an American dermatologist known for his research into treatments for leprosy.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Initially, infections are without symptoms and typically remain this way for 5 to 20 years. Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, which can lead to the loss of parts of extremities due to repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed wounds. Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.
Rea was born in 1929 in Three Rivers, Michigan.He graduated from Oberlin College and the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor's medical school, where he also completed his dermatology residency.
Three Rivers is a city in St. Joseph County in southwestern Michigan in the United States. The population was 7,811 at the 2010 census.
Oberlin College is a private liberal arts college in Oberlin, Ohio. Founded as the Oberlin Collegiate Institute in 1833 by John Jay Shipherd and Philo Stewart, it is the oldest coeducational liberal arts college in the United States and the second oldest continuously operating coeducational institute of higher learning in the world. The Oberlin Conservatory of Music is the oldest continuously operating conservatory in the United States. In 1835 Oberlin became one of the first colleges in the United States to admit African Americans, and in 1837 the first to admit women.
Rea worked for the U.S. Army Medical Corps in Korea and in the dermatology department at New York University before moving to Los Angeles in 1970.From 1981 to 1996, he was the head of the dermatology division at University of Southern California.
The Medical Corps (MC) of the U.S. Army is a staff corps of the U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD) consisting of commissioned medical officers – physicians with either an M.D. or a D.O. degree, at least one year of post-graduate clinical training, and a state medical license.
New York University (NYU) is a private research university spread throughout the world. Founded in 1831, NYU's historical campus is in Greenwich Village, New York City. As a global university, students can graduate from its degree-granting campuses in NYU Abu Dhabi and NYU Shanghai, as well as study at its 12 academic centers in Accra, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Florence, London, Los Angeles, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Sydney, Tel Aviv, and Washington, D.C.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States, after New York. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood and the entertainment industry, and sprawling metropolis.
Rea and his colleague Robert Modlin researched the role the immune system played in symptoms of leprosy, which led to the development of new treatments for the disease that rendered it non-contagious and allowed leprosy patients to live normal lives.Rea also supported the use of thalidomide to treat a complication of leprosy.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens, from viruses to parasitic worms, and distinguish them from the organism's own healthy tissue. In many species, the immune system can be classified into subsystems, such as the innate immune system versus the adaptive immune system, or humoral immunity versus cell-mediated immunity. In humans, the blood–brain barrier, blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier, and similar fluid–brain barriers separate the peripheral immune system from the neuroimmune system, which protects the brain.
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs. Today, thalidomide is used mainly as a treatment of certain cancers and of a complication of leprosy.
Rea died on February 7, 2016, at his home in the San Gabriel Mountains, after a battle with cancer.
The San Gabriel Mountains are a mountain range located in northern Los Angeles County and western San Bernardino County, California, United States. The mountain range is part of the Transverse Ranges and lies between the Los Angeles Basin and the Mojave Desert, with Interstate 5 to the west and Interstate 15 to the east. This range lies in, and is surrounded by, the Angeles National Forest, with the San Andreas Fault as the northern border of the range.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist is specialist doctor that manages diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, hair and nails.
Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser was a German physician who discovered the causative agent (pathogen) of gonorrhea, a strain of bacteria that was named in his honour.
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) is one of the largest organizations of dermatologists in the world. It was founded in 1938 and represents 19,000 dermatologists in the United States, Canada, and around the world. The academy grants fellowships and associate memberships, as well as fellowships for nonresidents of the United States or Canada. Since 1979, the AAD also publishes a monthly medical journal, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Hans Christian Korting was a German dermatologist and medical researcher specializing in causes and treatment of infectious and non-infectious inflammatory skin diseases as well as non-melanoma skin cancer".
Theodore Kenneth (T.K.) Lawless was an African-American dermatologist, medical researcher, and philanthropist. He was a skin specialist, and is known for work related to leprosy and syphilis.
Jacinto Convit García was a Venezuelan physician and scientist, known for developing a vaccine to prevent leprosy and his studies to treat cancer. He played a role in founding Venezuela's National Institute of Biomedicine and held many leprosy-related positions. Among Convit's many honors for his work on leprosy and tropical diseases was Spain's Prince of Asturias Award in the Scientific and Technical Research category and France's Legion of Honor. In 1988, Convit was nominated for a Nobel Prize in Medicine for his experimental anti-leprosy vaccine.
Carl Wilhelm Boeck was a Norwegian dermatologist.
Aaron Bunsen Lerner was an American physician, researcher and professor. Born in 1920 in Minneapolis, he received his medical degree and a PhD in chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1945. After teaching at the universities of Michigan and Oregon, he joined the Yale University School of Medicine as an associate professor of medicine in 1955. The following year he became director of the dermatology section within the Department of Internal Medicine, and when the Department of Dermatology was established in 1971 he was appointed its first chair. When Professor Lerner retired in 1991 he was named a Professor Emeritus of Dermatology. He was in 1973 elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences.
Arnold William "Arnie" Klein was an American dermatologist.
Albert Montgomery Kligman was a dermatologist who co-invented Retin-A, the acne medication, with James Fulton in 1969. Kligman is also known for the medical research he performed on inmates at Holmesburg Prison in Philadelphia and the scandal it generated years later.
Thomas B. Fitzpatrick was an American dermatologist.
Keizō Dohi was a Japanese dermatologist and urologist. He was a professor of Dermatology and Urology at Tokyo University, he substantially introduced Western dermatology to Japan. Because he learned not only dermatology but also urology in Europe, Japanese universities created a Department of Dermato-urology, the separation of these two specialities took many years.
Mitchel P Goldman, is an American dermatologic surgeon, cosmetic surgeon, dermatologist, and phlebologist, a past president of the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery and the American College of Phlebology.
José Diódoro Fernando Latapí was a Mexican dermatologist, teacher and author, as wll as the founder of the Mexican Society of Dermatology, and the Mexican School of Leprology. He changed the way leprosy was perceived, classified different types of leprosy patients, and made important contributions to both syphilis and a disease called pinta.
Dr. Deepali Bhardwaj is a Dermatologist and Aestheticianne of Indian origin. She qualified MBBS from Bharti Vidyapeeth University, D.V.D.L. from Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, MD Dermatology from USAIM, Seychelles. And M.Phil Cosmetology. Presently, she is operating her own cosmetic and dermatology clinics in New Delhi and till recently 2018 from the year 2015 she was on panel with President Estate Clinic, Rashtrapati Bhawan New Delhi too. She is the member of numerous dermatology associations and organizations and has bagged many international fellowships like EADV at Munich, Germany and ISD at Tehran, Iran and IADVL and also awards including Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Award, Karamveer Award, Chikitsa Ratan and Priyadarshini Award.
Daisy Maude Orleman Robinson was an American medical doctor, a dermatologist, decorated for her work in France during World War I.
Christopher Ernest Maitland Griffiths is Foundation Professor of Dermatology at the University of Manchester, Director of the Manchester Centre for Dermatology Research, and Head of the Dermatology Theme of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Manchester Biomedical Research Centre. He is an Honorary Consultant Dermatologist at Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust.
Sir Norman Purvis Walker, MD LLD FRCPE was a Scottish dermatologist, and physician-in-charge of the Skin Department at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. He was also one of the first persons in Britain to benefit from the discovery of insulin as a treatment for diabetes.
Ian Wesley Whimster MRCPath was a reader of dermatology histopathology at St Thomas' Hospital, London. He gained international recognition for his study of comparative anatomy and experiments with reptiles, particularly observing their colour patterns in relation to their nerve supply. He was part of the medical team that went into Bergen-Belsen concentration camp after the Germans had left. On return, he made numerous contributions to dermatology, including the definition of keratoacanthoma, the distinction between pemphigus and pemphigoid and descriptions of melanocytes and malignant melanoma. He died in a road traffic accident at the age of 55.
Robert Liveing (1834–1919) was an English physician and pioneer of dermatology.