Thomas Read Kemp

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Thomas Read Kemp Thomas Read Kemp Lawrence.jpg
Thomas Read Kemp

Thomas Read Kemp (23 December 1782 20 December 1844) was an English property developer and politician.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.



He was the son of Sussex landowner and Member of Parliament Thomas Kemp, and his wife Anne, daughter of Henry Read of Brookland. He was educated at Westminster School, and matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge in 1801. He graduated B.A. 1805, M.A. 1810. He entered the Middle Temple in 1804. [1]

Sussex historic county in South East England

Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe, is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. It is bounded to the west by Hampshire, north by Surrey, northeast by Kent, south by the English Channel, and divided for many purposes into the ceremonial counties of West Sussex and East Sussex. Brighton and Hove, though part of East Sussex, was made a unitary authority in 1997, and as such, is administered independently of the rest of East Sussex. Brighton and Hove was granted City status in 2000. Until then, Chichester was Sussex's only city.

Westminster School school in Westminster, London, England

Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Boys are admitted at age seven and thirteen, and girls at sixteen to the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders.

St Johns College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge founded by the Tudor matriarch Lady Margaret Beaufort. In constitutional terms, the college is a charitable corporation established by a charter dated 9 April 1511. The aims of the college, as specified by its statutes, are the promotion of education, religion, learning and research. It is one of the larger Oxbridge colleges in terms of student numbers.

Kemp conceived and developed the Regency-style Kemp Town estate in Brighton on the south coast of England. He was Member of Parliament for Lewes 1811–16 and 1826–37 and for Arundel 1823–26. [2] He fled Britain in 1837 to escape his creditors and died in Paris in 1844. He is buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery. A tablet was erected to his memory at St Nicholas's Church next to his wife's.

Regency architecture

Regency architecture encompasses classical buildings built in the United Kingdom during the Regency era in the early 19th century when George IV was Prince Regent, and also to earlier and later buildings following the same style. The period coincides with the Biedermeier style in the German-speaking lands, Federal style in the United States and the French Empire style. Regency style is also applied to interior design and decorative arts of the period, typified by elegant furniture and vertically striped wallpaper, and to styles of clothing; for men, as typified by the dandy Beau Brummell, for women the Empire silhouette.

Kemp Town 19th-century residential estate within the Brighton area of Kemptown

Kemp Town is a 19th-century residential estate in the east of Brighton in East Sussex, England, UK. Conceived and financed by Thomas Read Kemp, it has given its name to the larger Kemptown region of Brighton. The majority of the original estate is now demarcated by the modern Kemp Town Conservation Area as defined by the local authority, Brighton and Hove City Council.

Lewes (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Lewes is a constituency in East Sussex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Maria Caulfield, a Conservative.


Drawing of Kemp by Sir Thomas Lawrence. Drawing of Thomas Kemp by Thomas Lawrence.jpg
Drawing of Kemp by Sir Thomas Lawrence.

Kemp married Frances Baring, daughter of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet and Harriet Herring in 1806. They had four sons and six daughters. She died during childbirth in 1825 and was buried at St. Nicholas's Church.

Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet English merchant banker and art collector

Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet was an English merchant banker, a member of the Baring family, later becoming the first of the Baring baronets.

As second marriage in 1832, Kemp wedded Frances Shakerley of Somerford, widow of Harvey Vigors. They had one son. [2]

Somerford, Cheshire

Somerford is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is adjacent to the north west of Congleton, from which town it has some housing overflow. According to the 2001 census, the population of the civil parish was 343, increasing to 430 at the 2011 Census.

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St Georges Church, Brighton Church

St George's Church is an Anglican church in the Kemptown area of Brighton, in the English city of Brighton and Hove. It was built at the request of Thomas Read Kemp, who had created and financed the Kemp Town estate on the cliffs east of Brighton in the early 19th century, and is now regarded as the parish church of the wider Kemptown area. It is a Grade II listed building.

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Holy Trinity Church, Brighton Church in Brighton and Hove , United Kingdom

The former Holy Trinity Church is a closed Anglican church in the centre of Brighton, part of the English city of Brighton and Hove. Established in the early 19th century by Thomas Read Kemp, an important figure in Brighton's early political and religious life, it was originally an independent Nonconformist chapel but became an Anglican chapel of ease when Kemp returned to the Church of England. The church closed in 1984, but was converted into a museum and later an art gallery. Reflecting its architectural and historical importance, it has been listed at Grade II since 1981.

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Trewan Hall

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  1. "Kemp, Thomas Read (KM800TR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 "Kemp, Thomas Read (1782–1844), of Hurstmonceaux Park, Suss., History of Parliament Online" . Retrieved 19 June 2015.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Shelley
Thomas Kemp
Member of Parliament for Lewes
With: Henry Shelley 1811–1812
George Shiffner 1812–1816
Succeeded by
George Shiffner
Sir John Shelley, Bt
Preceded by
Viscount Bury
Robert Blake
Member of Parliament for Arundel
With: Viscount Bury
Succeeded by
Edward Lombe
John Atkins
Preceded by
Sir John Shelley, Bt
George Shiffner
Member of Parliament for Lewes
With: Sir John Shelley, Bt 1826–1831
Sir Charles Blunt, Bt 1831–1837
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Blunt, Bt
Henry FitzRoy