Thomas Reed (British Army officer)

Last updated

General Sir

Thomas Reed

GCB
20th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
In office
13 September 1854 1856
Preceded by Philip Bainbrigge
Succeeded by Henry Frederick Lockyer
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/service British Army
Rank General
Commands General Officer Commanding, Ceylon

General Sir Thomas Reed, GCB (1796 – 24 July 1883) was a British Army officer and the 20th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon.

He was born in Dublin, the son of Thomas Reed of Dublin, by Eliza, daughter of Colonel Sir F. J. Buchanan.

He entered the army as a cornet in the 12th Light Dragoons in 1813, was promoted lieutenant in 1815, and was with the regiment at the Battle of Waterloo. In 1834 he was made lieutenant-colonel of the 62nd Foot, a position he held for eighteen years. He was made brevet-colonel in 1841 and the following year aide-de-camp to the queen. Two years afterwards he was made a CB

During the First Sikh War his regiment formed part of the force which held Ferozepore under Sir John Hunter Littler. At the Battle of Ferozeshah in 1845 Reed commanded a brigade (including his own regiment) of Littler's division and was ordered to attack the strongest part of the Sikh entrenchments where there was a large number of heavy guns served with grape and canister. The attack was unsuccessful, with heavy losses, and Reed himself was slightly wounded.

In 1852 he gave up the command of the 62nd and went on half-pay, employed as colonel on the staff at Birmingham. Promoted major-general in 1854, he went out the following year as General Officer Commanding the troops in Ceylon until 1856, when he was transferred to a division of the Madras army and soon afterwards to the command of the troops in the Punjab.

When the Indian Mutiny broke out in 1857 he became provisional commander-in-chief on the death of General Anson from cholera, as the senior officer in the Bengal presidency, until Sir Patrick Grant arrived. On the death of Sir Henry Barnard, Reed assumed command of the field force but the exertions and anxieties of that position were too much for him. He was obliged to give up the responsibility and thereafter saw no further service in the field.

In 1858 he was made colonel of the 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot, transferring in 1881 to be Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Essex Regiment, which was formed when the 44th Regiment was amalgamated in that year with the 56th Foot. He was promoted Lieutenant-General in 1860 and General in 1868.

In 1877 he was placed on the retired list, having had been made K.C.B. in 1865 and G.C.B. in 1875. He died at Romsey, Hampshire on 24 July 1883. In 1835 he had married Elizabeth Jane, daughter of John Clayton of Enfield Old Park, Middlesex.

Related Research Articles

Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough

Field Marshal Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, was a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer at the seizure of the Cape of Good Hope during the French Revolutionary Wars, Gough commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 87th Regiment of Foot during the Peninsular War. After serving as commander-in-chief of the British forces in China during the First Opium War, he became Commander-in-Chief, India and led the British forces in action against the Marathas defeating them decisively at the conclusion of the Gwalior Campaign and then commanded the troops that defeated the Sikhs during both the First Anglo-Sikh War and the Second Anglo-Sikh War.

James Stuart (British Army officer, born 1741)

General James Stuart was a British Army officer who served in North America during the American Revolutionary War and took part in various campaigns in British India. He was the first General Officer Commanding, Ceylon and second Military Governor of British Ceylon. He was appointed on 1 March 1796 and was Governor until 1 January 1797. He was succeeded by Welbore Ellis Doyle.

Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple

General Sir Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple, 1st Baronet was a Scottish general in the British Army and Governor of Gibraltar.

Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Arbuthnot, KCB was a British Army commander.

Lt.-Gen. Sir Wroth Palmer Acland KCB was an English soldier, notable for his role in the Peninsular War.

General Sir James Fergusson, was a British Army officer during the Napoleonic Wars and the Governor of Gibraltar from 1855 to 1859.

William Knollys (British Army officer)

General Sir William Thomas Knollys was a British Army officer who reached high office in the 1860s.

Jasper Nicolls

Lieutenant General Sir Jasper Nicolls KCB was Commander-in-Chief, India.

Charles van Straubenzee

General Sir Charles Thomas van Straubenzee, was a British Army officer. He served as Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong, and Governor of Malta.

Major general Welbore Ellis Doyle (1758–1797) was the third Military Governor of British Ceylon. He was appointed on 1 January 1797 and was Governor until 2 July 1797. He was succeeded by Peter Bonnevaux.

Richard England (British Army officer, born 1793)

General Sir Richard England, was a British Army officer, born at Detroit, which was then part of Upper Canada. During the Napoleonic Wars he saw active service in Walcheren, Sicily, and at Waterloo, before commanding regiments and divisions in the Crimean War and in India.

John Pennycuick (British Army infantry officer)

Brigadier John Pennycuick CB, KH was an officer in the British Army who served in Java, Burma, Aden, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. He was born in Soilzarie in Perthshire and was killed at the Battle of Chillianwalla in the Second Anglo-Sikh War.

General Sir John Wilson (1780–1856) was a British Army officer who served in the Peninsular War, and was acting Governor of British Ceylon in 1831.

Josiah Champagné

Gen. Sir Josiah Champagné was a British military commander who was the fifth General Officer Commanding, Ceylon. He was appointed in February 1799 until 1799. He was succeeded by Hay MacDowall.

General Henry Renny (1815–1900) was a British Army officer who was the 24th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon.

General Sir Richard Thomas Farren (1817–1909) was a British Army officer who became General Officer Commanding Eastern District.

Henry William Breton

General Henry William Breton was a British Army officer who became General Officer Commanding South-West District.

Charles William Doyle

Lieutenant-General Sir Charles William Doyle, GCH, CB was a British Army officer who served during the Napoleonic Wars.

Thomas Willshire

General Sir Thomas Willshire, 1st Baronet, was a British Army officer.

Lieutenant-General Sir Michael White KCB was a British Army officer. The son of a major in the 27th Dragoons, he received a commission in the same regiment in 1804. White served in India on the Sikh frontier; during the 1817 Siege of Hathras; the 1817-18 Third Anglo-Maratha War and the 1825-26 Siege of Bharatpur. From 1839 he commanded the 3rd Light Dragoons and led them in the 1842 invasion of Afghanistan for which he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath.

References

    Attribution:

    Military offices
    Preceded by
    Philip Bainbrigge
    General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
    1854–1856
    Succeeded by
    Henry Frederick Lockyer