Thomas Renton Elliott

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Thomas Renton Elliott
Thomas Renton Elliott.jpg
Born11 October 1877
Died4 March 1961 (1961-03-05) (aged 83)
Nationality British
Employer University College Hospital
Known forInvestigation of the chemical transmission of nerve action

Thomas Renton Elliott FRS [1] (11 October 1877 – 4 March 1961) was a British physician and physiologist. [2] [3] [4]

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science'.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Physician professional who practices medicine

A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice. Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines underlying diseases and their treatment—the science of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or craft of medicine.

Contents

Biography

Elliott was born in Willington, County Durham, as the eldest son to retailer Archibald William Elliott and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Renton, of Otley, Yorkshire. He studied natural sciences at Trinity College, Cambridge, specialising in physiology.

Willington, County Durham town

Willington is a former mining village in County Durham, England, in the foothills of the Pennines and near the River Wear close to Crook, Bishop Auckland and Durham City.

Natural science branch of science about the natural world

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer review and repeatability of findings are used to try to ensure the validity of scientific advances.

Trinity College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

He joined University College Hospital as a junior staff member in 1910, and eventually became first professor of medicine and director of the medical unit at Gower Street, London.

University College Hospital Hospital in London

University College Hospital (UCH) is a teaching hospital located in London, England. It is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is closely associated with University College London (UCL). The hospital is located on Euston Road in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, adjacent to the main campus of UCL. The nearest London Underground stations are Euston Square and Warren Street, with Goodge Street nearby.

Gower Street, London street in Bloomsbury, London, England

Gower Street is a street in Bloomsbury, central London, running from Montague Place in the south to Euston Road at the north. The street continues as North Gower Street north of the Euston Road. To the south it becomes Bloomsbury Street.

Elliot married Martha McCosh in 1918. They lived in Cheyne Walk in Chelsea, London [5] and had three sons and two daughters. One son was judge Archie Elliott, Lord Elliott. [5]

Cheyne Walk historic street, in Chelsea, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

Cheyne Walk is a historic road, in Chelsea, London, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It runs parallel with the River Thames. Before the construction of the Chelsea Embankment reduced the width of the river, it fronted the river along its whole length.

Chelsea, London area of central London, England

Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

Judge official who presides over court proceedings

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on his or her interpretation of the law and his or her own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate.

In 1935, Elliott and his wife commissioned the architectural practice of Rowand Anderson, Paul & Partners to build their house Broughton Place in the Scottish Borders. It was designed by Basil Spence, then a partner in the firm, who worked closely with Mrs Elliott to meet her requirements. Work began in 1936 and was completed in 1938.

Robert Rowand Anderson British artist

Sir Robert Rowand Anderson, was a Scottish Victorian architect. Anderson trained in the office of George Gilbert Scott in London before setting up his own practice in Edinburgh in 1860. During the 1860s his main work was small churches in the 'First Pointed' style that is characteristic of Scott's former assistants. By 1880 his practice was designing some of the most prestigious public and private buildings in Scotland.

Arthur Forman Balfour Paul

Arthur Forman Balfour Paul was a Scottish architect operating largely in the early 20th century. He was one of a type often referred to as "gentleman architect", architecture being an acceptable role for the aristocratic gentleman.

Broughton Place, Scottish Borders

Broughton Place is a historic house in the village of Broughton, Scottish Borders. It was designed by Basil Spence in the style of a 17th-century Scottish Baronial tower house.

Elliott retired in 1939 and died at Broughton House in 1961. [5]

Awards and memberships

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References

  1. 1 2 Dale, H. H. (1961). "Thomas Renton Elliott. 1877-1961". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society . 7: 52–74. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1961.0005.
  2. "The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33006.
  3. "Obituary". British Medical Journal. British Medical Journal. 1 (5227): 752–754. 11 March 1961. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5227.752. PMC   1953340 .
  4. Pickering, G. (1962). "Thomas Renton ELLIOTT, 1877-1961". Transactions of the Association of American Physicians. 75: 21–23. PMID   13943325.
  5. 1 2 3 Gazetteer for Scotland, Prof. Thomas Renton Elliott.