Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician)

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Thomas Reynolds
Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician).jpg
5th Premier of South Australia
In office
9 May 1860 8 October 1861
Monarch Victoria
Governor Sir Richard MacDonnell
Preceded by Sir Richard Hanson
Succeeded by George Waterhouse
Constituency City Of Adelaide
South Australian
Commissioner of Public Works
In office
30 September 1857 12 June 1858
Premier Richard Hanson
Preceded by Samuel Davenport
Succeeded by Arthur Blyth
Personal details
Born27 January 1818
London, England, UK
Died25 February 1875(1875-02-25) (aged 57)
Great Barrier Reef, Queensland
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Anne Litchfield

Thomas Reynolds (27 January 1818 – 25 February 1875) was the fifth Premier of South Australia, serving from 9 May 1860 to 8 October 1861. [1]

Premier of South Australia Wikimedia List

The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia. The Government of South Australia follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of South Australia acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of South Australia, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the House of Assembly.

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Reynolds was born in England in 1818, and on leaving school had experience in the grocery business. He came to South Australia in 1840 as an early colonist at the invitation of his brother, who had a draper's shop at Adelaide. The brother had died by the time Thomas Reynolds arrived and he soon opened a grocer's shop, was successful for a time, but like many others fell into financial difficulties when the gold rush began.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Draper cloth merchant

Draper was originally a term for a retailer or wholesaler of cloth that was mainly for clothing. A draper may additionally operate as a cloth merchant or a haberdasher.

Adelaide City in South Australia

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2017, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1,333,927. Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia.

Reynolds became an alderman in the Adelaide City Council in 1854, succeeding William Paxton, but a few months afterwards resigned to enter the unicameral South Australian Legislative Council. In 1857 he was elected for Sturt in the first South Australian House of Assembly, a seat he held until 12 March 1860. [1] From September 1857 to June 1858 he was commissioner of public works in the Hanson ministry. On 13 March 1860, Reynolds changed seats to City of Adelaide and on 9 May 1860 he became Premier and Treasurer of South Australia. [1]

An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law. The term may be titular, denoting a high-ranking member of a borough or county council, a council member chosen by the elected members themselves rather than by popular vote, or a council member elected by voters.

William Paxton (Australian businessman) South Australian colonist

William Paxton was a South Australian colonist who arrived in 1840, became one of the investors in the Burra copper mines and returned to England in July 1855, a wealthy man.

South Australian Legislative Council upper house of the parliament in South Australia, Australia

The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. Its central purpose is to act as a house of review for legislation passed through the lower house, the House of Assembly. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide.

Reynolds resigned as premier and treasurer on 8 October 1861. [1] He was treasurer in the second Waterhouse ministry from 17 October 1861 to 19 February 1862, and in the second Dutton ministry from March to September 1865. [1] He held the same position in the fourth and fifth Ayers ministries from May 1867 to September 1868 and from October to November 1868. He was commissioner of crown lands in the seventh Ayers ministry from March 1872 to July 1873. [1] Reynolds represented East Adelaide from 5 November 1864 to 27 March 1870 and Encounter Bay from 14 December 1871 to 2 February 1872 and 29 February 1872 to 28 August 1873. [1]

George Waterhouse (politician) British colonial politician

George Marsden Waterhouse was a Premier of South Australia from 8 October 1861 until 3 July 1863 and the seventh Premier of New Zealand from 11 October 1872 to 3 March 1873.

Francis Dutton Australian politician

Francis Stacker Dutton CMG was the seventh Premier of South Australia, serving twice, firstly in 1863 and again in 1865.

Henry Ayers Australian politician

Sir Henry Ayers was the eighth Premier of South Australia, serving a record five times between 1863 and 1873.

Some years earlier his interest in the Northern Territory had been stimulated by reports from his nephew, Frederick Henry Litchfield. Early in 1873 he visited Darwin where there was a gold-rush, and found matters completely disorganized. Many of the official staff had not only taken up claims but had been allowed leave of absence to look after their mines. Reynolds did his best to restore order and returned to Adelaide where he reported favourably on the mineral resources of the north. Not finding himself in agreement with his colleagues in the ministry he retired from parliament and went to Darwin. He was not successful there, and was returning to Adelaide on the SS Gothenburg which was wrecked in a tropical cyclone near the Great Barrier Reef on 24 February 1875, and he was drowned. He was married to Anne Litchfield, who lost her life in the same shipwreck. He was survived by two sons.

Northern Territory federal territory of Australia

The Northern Territory is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It shares borders with Western Australia to the west, South Australia to the south, and Queensland to the east. To the north, the territory looks out to the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria, including Western New Guinea and other Indonesian islands. The NT covers 1,349,129 square kilometres (520,902 sq mi), making it the third-largest Australian federal division, and the 11th-largest country subdivision in the world. It is sparsely populated, with a population of only 246,700, making it the least-populous of Australia's eight states and major territories, with fewer than half as many people as Tasmania.

Frederick Henry Litchfield Australian explorer

Frederick Henry Litchfield, pastoralist, gold miner, explorer, usually known as Fred, is a South Australian prominently associated with the early exploration of the Northern Territory, and more particularly with the discovery of gold there.

Darwin, Northern Territory City in the Northern Territory, Australia

Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia, situated on the Timor Sea. It is the largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, with a population of 145,916. It is the smallest, wettest and most northerly of the Australian capital cities, and acts as the Top End's regional centre.

Long associated with the total abstinence (temperance) movement in Adelaide, Reynolds was known as "Teapot Tommy". Reynolds was a shrewd business man, a hard worker, and a good treasurer, but was of too sanguine and fiery a temperament to be a politician of the first rank. He was a pioneer in jam-making and raisin-curing in South Australia, but his devotion to his parliamentary duties led sometimes to the neglect of his own financial interests.

Temperance movement 19th- and 20th-century global social movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Participants in the movement typically criticize alcohol intoxication or promote complete abstinence (teetotalism), with leaders emphasizing alcohol's negative effects on health, personality, and family life. Typically the movement promotes alcohol education as well as demands new laws against the selling of alcohols, or those regulating the availability of alcohol, or those completely prohibiting it. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the temperance movement became prominent in many countries, particularly English-speaking and Scandinavian ones, and it led to Prohibition in the United States from 1920 to 1933.

Raisin dried grape

A raisin is a dried grape. Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking, and brewing. In the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, and Australia, the word "raisin" is reserved for the dark-colored dried large grape, with "sultana" being a golden-colored dried grape, and "currant" being a dried small Black Corinth seedless grape.

Sources

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Hon Thomas Reynolds". Parliament of South Australia.
Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Davenport
Commissioner of Public Works
30 Sep 1857 12 Jun 1858
Succeeded by
Arthur Blyth
Preceded by
Richard Hanson
Premier of South Australia
9 May 1860 8 Oct 1861
Succeeded by
George Waterhouse
Preceded by
Boyle Finniss
Treasurer of South Australia
9 May 1860 8 Oct 1861
Succeeded by
Arthur Blyth
Preceded by
Arthur Blyth
Treasurer of South Australia
17 Oct 1861 19 Feb 1862
Preceded by
John Hart
Treasurer of South Australia
22 Mar 20 Sep 1865
Preceded by
Walter Duffield
Treasurer of South Australia
3 May 1867 24 Sep 1868
Succeeded by
Neville Blyth
Preceded by
Neville Blyth
Treasurer of South Australia
13 Oct 3 Nov 1868
Succeeded by
Henry Hughes
Parliament of South Australia
New district Member for Sturt
18571860
Served alongside: John Hallett
Succeeded by
Joseph Peacock
Preceded by
Judah Solomon
Member for City of Adelaide
18601862
Served alongside: Richard Hanson, Matthew Moorhouse, Philip Santo, Samuel Bakewell, William Parkin
District abolished
Preceded by
William Bakewell
Member for East Adelaide
18641870
Served alongside: Philip Santo, Robert Cottrell
Succeeded by
David Murray
Preceded by
Arthur Lindsay
Member for Encounter Bay
18711873
Served alongside: William Everard, William Rogers
Succeeded by
Arthur Lindsay