Thomas Rice (1734)

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Thomas Rice (November 27, 1734 – April 21, 1812) was a Massachusetts state legislator and judge prior to and after the American Revolution. He was a physician, educator and clergyman active in Federalist Party politics serving as a presidential elector in the 1792, 1796 and 1800 elections.

American Revolution Political upheaval, 1775–1783

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) in alliance with France and others.

Federalist Party first American political party

The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party, was the first American political party. It existed from the early 1790s to the 1820s, with their last presidential candidate being fielded in 1816. They appealed to business and to conservatives who favored banks, national over state government, manufacturing, and preferred Britain and opposed the French Revolution.



Thomas Rice was born November 27, 1734 to Noah Rice and Hannah (Warren) Rice in Westborough, Province of Massachusetts. He graduated in 1756 from Harvard University studying medicine. Thomas Rice married Rebecca Kingsbury on January 16, 1767 in Westborough. He resided at Pownalborough in Maine, now known as Wiscasset, was a practicing physician and he was elected as a town selectman in 1776. In addition to elective office, Rice was appointed as a Justice of the Peace in 1764 in Pownalborough and as Judge in the Court of Common Pleas for Lincoln County, serving from 1763 to 1774. He was also a clergyman and teacher. [1]

Westborough, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Westborough is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 18,272 at the 2010 Census, in nearly 6,900 households. Incorporated in 1717, the town is governed under the New England open town meeting system, headed by a five-member elected Board of Selectmen whose duties include licensing, appointing various administrative positions, and calling a town meeting of citizens annually or whenever the need arises.

Harvard University private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 post graduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

Wiscasset, Maine Place in Maine, United States

Wiscasset is a town in and the seat of Lincoln County, Maine, United States. The municipality is located in the state of Maine's Mid Coast region. The population was 3,732 as of the 2010 census. Home to the Chewonki Foundation, Wiscasset is a tourist destination noted for early architecture.

Rice served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1775 and 1776 [1] and was a member of the 1779 State convention that, on the part of Massachusetts, adopted the Constitution of the United States, and voted for it. [2] He was elected to the Massachusetts Senate, serving from 1780 to 1782, and he was a presidential elector for the Federalist Party in the elections of 1792, 1796 and 1800. [1] Rice died April 21, 1812 in Pownalborough, and his widowed wife Rebecca died four years later in 1816. [2]

Family relations

Thomas and Rebecca (Kingsbury) Rice had 13 children. [3] His eldest son Thomas Rice (1768-1854) became a United States Congressman from the Maine District of Massachusetts. Rice was a direct descendant of Edmund Rice an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony as follows: [2]

Thomas Rice was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Massachusetts Bay Colony English possession in North America between 1628 and 1684

The Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628–1691) was an English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The lands of the settlement were located in southern New England in Massachusetts, with initial settlements situated on two natural harbors and surrounding land, about 15.4 miles (24.8 km) apart—the areas around Salem and Boston.

  • Noah Rice (1705 - Feb 1759), son of
  • Thomas Rice (Jun 30, 1654 - 1747), son of
  • Thomas Rice (Jan 26, 1625 – November 16, 1681), son of

Thomas Rice was a member of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts representing Marlborough in 1715 and 1716 and was a founder of Westborough, Massachusetts on 18 November 1717, and a selectman for the town in 1718 and 1727.

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  1. 1 2 3 p.324 In: Schutz, John A. (1997). Legislators of the Massachusetts General Court 1691-1780: A Biographical Dictionary. Northeastern University Press, Boston
  2. 1 2 3 p. 114 In: Ward, Andrew Henshaw. 1858. A genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, Boston: C. Benjamin Richardson, Publisher. 379pp. Download PDF
  3. 1 2 "Thomas Rice". Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved November 8, 2013.