Thomas Richardson, 2nd Lord Cramond (19 June 1627 –16 May 1674) of Honingham Hall, Norfolk was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1674.
Honingham Hall was a large country house at Honingham in Norfolk.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
Richardson was the son of Sir Thomas Richardson and his wife Elizabeth Hewitt daughter of Sir William Hewitt, of Pishiobury, Hertfordshire. He was a grandson of Thomas Richardson who was a judge and speaker of the House of Commons. His grandfather's second wife Elizabeth Richardson, 1st Lady Cramond was given the title Lord Cramond which was to go to her stepson. Richardson succeeded to the peerage on the death of Lady Cramond in April 1651 as his father died on 12 March 1645.
Sir Thomas Richardson was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1622. He was Speaker of the House of Commons for this parliament. He was later Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench.
Elizabeth Richardson, 1st Lady Cramond was an English writer and peeress. She is remembered for her collections of prayers.
The title of Lord (of) Cramond was a title in the nobility of Scotland. It was created on 23 February 1628 for Dame Elizabeth Richardson. She was married to Sir Thomas Richardson, the second marriage for both, and had no children together. The remainder for the title was to Sir Thomas's heirs, rather than to her own children from her first marriage. Thus, Lady Cramond's eldest son John Ashburnham was not eligible to succeed his mother.
In 1660, Richardson was elected Member of Parliament for Norfolk in the Convention Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Norfolk in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament and sat until his death in 1674.
Norfolk was a County constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. In 1832 the county was divided for parliamentary purposes into two new two member divisions – East Norfolk and West Norfolk.
The Convention Parliament followed the Long Parliament that had finally voted for its own dissolution on 16 March that year. Elected as a "free parliament", i.e. with no oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth or to the monarchy, it was predominantly Royalist in its membership. It assembled for the first time on 25 April 1660.
The Cavalier Parliament of England lasted from 8 May 1661 until 24 January 1679. It was the longest English Parliament, enduring for nearly 18 years of the quarter-century reign of Charles II of England. Like its predecessor, the Convention Parliament, it was overwhelmingly Royalist and is also known as the Pensioner Parliament for the many pensions it granted to adherents of the King.
Richardson died at the age of 46.
Richardson married Anne Gurney, daughter of Sir Richard Gurney, 1st Baronet, of Totteridge, Hertfordshire.His son Henry succeeded to the title. The estate of Honingham had already been sold to Richard Baylie (in 1650).
Sir Richard Gurney, 1st Baronet, was an English merchant who was Lord Mayor of London. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Dr Richard Baylie was twice President of St John's College, Oxford, twice Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, Archdeacon of Nottingham and Dean of Salisbury.
Baron Dacre is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England, every time by writ.
Sir John Say was an English courtier, MP and Speaker of the House of Commons.
The Honourable William Townshend was a British Member of Parliament.
Sir Arthur Onslow, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1641 and 1685.
Robert Paston, 1st Earl of Yarmouth, FRS was an English scientist and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1673 when he was created Viscount Yarmouth. He was created Earl of Yarmouth in 1679.
Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis of Eye was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1662 when he inherited the peerage as Baron Cornwallis..
Sir Philip Wodehouse, 3rd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1660.
Thomas Fanshawe, 1st Viscount Fanshawe KB was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1661. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. Following the Restoration he was raised to the peerage.
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Sir Ralph Hare, 1st Baronet of Stow Bardolph, Norfolk was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1654 and 1672.
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Sir Henry Vernon, 1st Baronet (1605–1676) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1676.
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John Monson was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1660 and 1674.
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Sir John Strode of Parnham House, Dorset supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He held various official offices during the Protectorate and was knighted by Oliver Cromwell. After the Restoration he was a member of the Cavalier Parliament. He was knighted by King Charles II in 1662.
|Parliament of England|
Not represented in the restored Rump
Title last held bySir Horatio Townshend
Sir William D'Oyly
| Member of Parliament for Norfolk |
1660 – 1675
With: Sir Horatio Townshend
Sir Ralph Hare, Bt
Sir John Hobart, Bt
Sir John Hobart, Bt
Sir Robert Kemp, Bt
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