Thomas Richardson (Hartlepool MP, born 1821)

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Thomas Richardson (6 June 1821 – 29 December 1890) [1] was an English manufacturer of marine engines and Liberal Party politician.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Contents

Life

Richardson was born in Castle Eden, County Durham, the son of Thomas Richardson, a shipbuilder and owner of an engineering works in Hartlepool. Richardson began as an apprentice in his father's iron foundry in Castle Eden. On the death of his father in 1850, Richardson and his brother John took over the business which traded under the name of T. Richardson Sons. Their business was manufacturing marine engines, after they built their first marine engine in 1851. They were also shipbuilders for a short time, but this side of the company went out of business in 1857. [2]

Castle Eden village in United Kingdom

Castle Eden is a village in County Durham, in England. The population of the village at the 2011 census was 642. It is situated a short distance to the south of Peterlee, Wingate, the A19 and Castle Eden Dene. The village is famous for the former Castle Eden Brewery which was home of the famous Castle Eden Ale; most of it was demolished in 2003 for a new housing estate and only the main front building remains today. This is a listed building and is now managed office space with a popular Italian restaurant. The A19 used to run through the village until it was bypassed in the 1970s. The deep and impressive nearby dene extends all the way to sea and its many Yew trees are a particular feature where they find the dolomite soil advantageous.

County Durham County of England

County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.

Hartlepool town in County Durham, England

Hartlepool is a town in County Durham, England. The town lies on the North Sea coast, 7 12 miles (12 km) north of Middlesbrough and 17 miles (27 km) south of Sunderland. The town is governed as part of the Borough of Hartlepool, a unitary authority which also controls outlying villages such as Seaton Carew, Greatham and Elwick.

Richardson stood unsuccessfully for Parliament in the newly enfranchised borough of The Hartlepools at the 1868 general election. [3] He won the seat at the 1874 general election, but for financial reasons he resigned from the House of Commons in July 1875 by taking the Chiltern Hundreds [4] He was re-elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for The Hartlepools at the 1880 general election, [3] and held the seat until his death in December 1890, aged 69. [1] When The Liberals split over Irish Home Rule in 1885, Richardson joined the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party, and was returned in 1886 as a Liberal Unionist. [5]

Parliament of the United Kingdom Supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament, or Westminster Parliament, and domestically simply as Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the UK and the overseas territories. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the Sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. The two houses meet in the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster, one of the inner boroughs of the capital city, London.

The Hartlepools was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The constituency became Hartlepool in 1974. The seat's name reflected the representation of both old Hartlepool and West Hartlepool.

1868 United Kingdom general election UK general election

The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom. It was the first election held in the United Kingdom in which more than a million votes were cast; nearly triple the number of votes were cast compared to the previous election of 1865.

Richardson lived at Kirklevington Grange in Yarm until he built Kirklevington Hall in 1884. He was a J. P. and Deputy Lieutenant for County Durham and a J.P. for the North Riding of Yorkshire. [6] He was a member of the Hartlepool Port and Harbour Commissioners. He was also president of Hartlepools Bicycle Club, [7]

Yarm town in North Yorkshire

Yarm is a small town in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. The town is on the south bank of the River Tees and is historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire. The bridge at Yarm marked the furthest reach of tidal flow up the River Tees until the opening, in 1995, of the Tees Barrage, which now regulates river flow above Stockton. As the last bridge on the river before the sea, it was superseded by a new toll bridge opened in Stockton in 1771. The oldest part of the town, around the High Street, is situated in a loop of the river, and the newer parts of the town extend to the point where the River Leven meets the River Tees.

Family

Richardson married Maria Greenwell, the daughter of Richard Greenwell, a Sunderland shipowner, in 1843. [6] They had two daughters and four sons.

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References

  1. 1 2 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  2. Port Cities - Hartlepool
  3. 1 2 Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 143. ISBN   0-900178-26-4.
  4. Department of Information Services (9 June 2009). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850" (PDF). House of Commons Library . Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  5. Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 119. ISBN   0-900178-27-2.
  6. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1886
  7. Hartlepools Bicycle Club - 21 May 1881
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Ralph Ward Jackson
Member of Parliament for The Hartlepools
18741875
Succeeded by
Lowthian Bell
Preceded by
Lowthian Bell
Member of Parliament for The Hartlepools
18801890
Succeeded by
Christopher Furness