Thomas Richmond

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Effie Gray, by Thomas Richmond. Euphemia ('Effie') Chalmers (nee Gray), Lady Millais by Thomas Richmond.jpg
Effie Gray, by Thomas Richmond.

Thomas Richmond (18021874) was a British portrait painter, known for his idealised pictures in the so-called keepsake style. He was the son of Thomas Richmond (1771–1837), the miniature painter, and the brother of George Richmond. [1]

Thomas Richmond (miniature-painter)

Thomas Richmond (1771–1837) was an English miniature-painter.

George Richmond (painter) English painter

George Richmond was an English painter and portraitist. In his youth he was a member of The Ancients, a group of followers of William Blake. Later in life he established a career as a portrait painter, which included painting the portraits of the British gentry, nobility and royalty.

Richmond initially practiced in Sheffield, and later moved to London. His main clientele was among the hunting fraternity. Between 1833 and 1860 he exhibited fifty one portraits in London. [2] He exhibited forty-five portraits at the Royal Academy and six at the Suffolk Street gallery. [1] Richmond's paintings are close in style to his father's work, but distinguished by the characteristic use of dark stippling in the background. [3] His paintings were criticised for their overly idealised and sugary presentations of subjects, especially women. When John Ruskin's father commissioned Richmond to paint his daughter-in-law Effie Gray, Effie wrote of the finished work to her mother:

Sheffield City and metropolitan borough in England

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.

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John Ruskin was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects as varied as geology, architecture, myth, ornithology, literature, education, botany and political economy.

Effie Gray British model

Euphemia Chalmers Millais, Lady Millais was the wife of Pre-Raphaelite painter John Everett Millais. She had previously been married to the critic John Ruskin, but the marriage was annulled, and she left him without it having been consummated. This famous Victorian "love triangle" has been dramatised in plays, films and an opera.

' is the most lovely piece of oil painting but much prettier than me. I look like a graceful Doll but John and his father are delighted with it'. [4]

Richmond and his brother George had met Ruskin during his trip to Rome in 1840-1. He accompanied him on his visits to galleries. Ruskin's father was not as delighted with the portrait of Effie as she believed. He wrote to his son that Thomas was inferior as an artist to his brother: "Tom I regret to say cannot hold a candle to George - It is second rate or lower". [2]

Richmond died in 1874 at Windermere, where he had purchased an estate, but was buried in Brompton cemetery, London. [1]

Windermere largest natural lake in England

Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. It is a ribbon lake formed in a glacial trough after the retreat of ice at the start of the current interglacial period. It has been one of the country's most popular places for holidays and summer homes since the arrival of the Kendal and Windermere Railway's branch line in 1847. Historically forming part of the border between Lancashire and Westmorland, it is now within the county of Cumbria and the Lake District National Park.


  1. 1 2 3 Nicholson, Albert (1896). "Richmond, Thomas"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 48. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. 1 2 James S. Dearden, John Ruskin: a life in pictures, Continuum, 1999, p. 30
  3. D. Foskett, Collecting Miniatures, p.31 7, pi. 85F.
  4. Euphemia ('Effie') Chalmers (née Gray), Lady Millais, National Portrait Gallery

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