Thomas Rid

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Thomas Rid
Dr Thomas Rid, Reader, Department of War Studies, Kings College London (8514834897).jpg
Cyber Security and Global Interdependence: "What is Critical?", Chatham House, 28 February 2013
Born1975
Aach
Residence City of London [1]
Nationality German
Alma mater Humboldt University
OccupationProfessor of Security Studies in the Department of War Studies, Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy King’s College
Website ridt.co

Thomas Rid (born 1975 [2] in Aach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany [3] ) is a political scientist best known for his work on the history and risks of information technology in conflict. [4] [5] [6] He is Professor of Strategic Studies at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies. Previously he was a professor of security studies in the Department of War Studies, Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy King’s College in London. [7]

Aach, Baden-Württemberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Aach is a small town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Being situated close to Lake Constance and the Swiss border, it is mostly known for the Aachtopf — Germany's biggest natural spring in terms of production.

Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). An information technology system is generally an information system, a communications system or, more specifically speaking, a computer system – including all hardware, software and peripheral equipment – operated by a limited group of users.

Johns Hopkins University university in Baltimore, Maryland, United States

The Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest —of which half financed the establishment of Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States up to that time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. Adopting the concept of a graduate school from Germany's ancient Heidelberg University, Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States. Over the course of several decades, the university has led all U.S. universities in annual research and development expenditures. In fiscal year 2016, Johns Hopkins spent nearly $2.5 billion on research.

Contents

Biography

Rid grew up in rural region of Hegau close to Lake Constance and the Swiss-German border. In 1994 he graduated ( Abitur ) from the Nellenburg-Gymnasium in Stockach. [8] From 1997 to 2002 he studied social and political science (with Herfried Münkler [9] ) at the Humboldt University in Berlin, and for one year at the London School of Economics. [1] From 2003 to 2005 he was a Fritz-Thyssen-Scholar with the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP), Germany’s major government-funded foreign policy think tank, where he wrote his dissertation and first book. He received his Ph.D. from Humboldt University of Berlin in 2006. [1] [10]

Hegau landscape in southern Germany

The Hegau is an extinct volcanic landscape in southern Germany extending around the industrial city of Singen (Hohentwiel), between Lake Constance in the east, the Rhine River in the south, the Danube River in the north and the Randen—as the southwestern mountains of the Swabian Jura are called—in the west. It was first mentioned in A.D. 787 in the Latinised form in pago Egauinsse.

Lake Constance lake in Germany, Switzerland and Austria

Lake Constance is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein. These waterbodies lie within the Lake Constance Basin, which is part of the Alpine Foreland and through which the Rhine flows.

Abitur is a qualification granted by university-preparatory schools in Germany, Lithuania, and Estonia. It is conferred on students who pass their final exams at the end of their secondary education, usually after eleven, twelve or thirteen years of schooling. In German, the term Abitur has roots in the archaic word Abiturium, which in turn was derived from the Latin abiturus.

In 2006-2007 Rid was a postdoctoral fellow at the Institut français des relations internationales (Ifri), a Paris-based think tank dedicated to international affairs. [11] In 2007-2008 he was a postdoc at the RAND Corporation, at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University, and in 2009 a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. [12] In 2009 and 2010 Rid was in Israel conducting research as a visiting scholar at the Hebrew University and at the Shalem Center in Jerusalem. [9] In 2010 to 2011, he was fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at the University of Constance in Germany. [1]

Institut français des relations internationales

The Institut français des relations internationales is a think tank dedicated to international affairs, based in Paris, France.

A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organization which performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture. Most policy institutes are non-profit organisations, which some countries such as the United States and Canada provide with tax exempt status. Other think tanks are funded by governments, advocacy groups, or corporations, and derive revenue from consulting or research work related to their projects.

RAND Corporation non-profit organisation in the USA

RAND Corporation is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces. It is financed by the U.S. government and private endowment, corporations, universities and private individuals. The company has grown to assist other governments, international organizations, private companies and foundations, with a host of defense and non-defense issues, including healthcare. RAND aims for interdisciplinary and quantitative problem solving by translating theoretical concepts from formal economics and the physical sciences into novel applications in other areas, using applied science and operations research.

From 2011 to 2016 he researched and taught at the Department of War Studies at King’s College. [1] [13] In 2016, he became a professor of strategic studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University. [14]

Department of War Studies, Kings College London

The Department of War Studies (DWS) is an academic department in the School of Security Studies within the Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy at King's College London in London, United Kingdom. Along with other politics and international studies units at King's College London, it ranks amongst the top places for international relations in the world. The department is devoted to the multi-disciplinary study of war and diplomacy within the broad remit of international relations.

In October 2011 the Journal of Strategic Studies , a leading international relations journal, published his provocatively titled article, "Cyber War Will Not Take Place". The text argued that all politically motivated cyber attacks are merely sophisticated versions of sabotage, espionage, or subversion—but not war. [15] In a review of his 2013 book with the same title, The Economist considered Rid "one of Britain’s leading authorities on, and sceptics about, cyber-warfare". [16]

The Journal of Strategic Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering military and diplomatic strategic studies. It was established in 1978 with John Gooch as founding editor-in-chief. The current editors-in-chief are Joe Maiolo and Thomas G. Mahnken.

Sabotage deliberate action aimed at weakening another entity

Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort, or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption, or destruction. One who engages in sabotage is a saboteur. Saboteurs typically try to conceal their identities because of the consequences of their actions.

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information. Spies help agencies uncover secret information. Any individual or spy ring, in the service of a government, company or independent operation, can commit espionage. The practice is clandestine, as it is by definition unwelcome and in many cases illegal and punishable by law. Espionage is a method of "intelligence" gathering which includes information gathering from public sources.

Selected publications

<i>Esquire</i> (magazine) American mens magazine

Esquire is an American men's magazine, published by the Hearst Corporation in the United States. Founded in 1933, it flourished during the Great Depression under the guidance of founders Arnold Gingrich, David A. Smart and Henry L. Jackson.

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Paul Nitze American government official

Paul Henry Nitze was an American statesman who served as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, and Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department. He is best known for being the principal author of NSC 68 and the co-founder of Team B. He helped shape Cold War defense policy over the course of numerous presidential administrations.

International political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy (GPE), refers to either economics or an interdisciplinary academic discipline that analyzes economics and international relations. When it is used to refer to the latter, it usually focuses on political economy and economics, although it may also draw on a few other distinct academic schools, notably political science, also sociology, history, and cultural studies. IPE is most closely linked to the fields of macroeconomics, international business, international development and development economics.

John E. McLaughlin Director of the CIA

John Edward McLaughlin is the former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence and former Acting Director of Central Intelligence. He currently serves as a Senior Fellow and Distinguished Practitioner-in-Residence at the Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of the Johns Hopkins University.

Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies university

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) is a division of Johns Hopkins University based in Washington, D.C., United States, with campuses in Bologna, Italy; and Nanjing, China. It is generally considered one of the top graduate schools for international relations in the world. The institution is devoted to the study of international affairs, economics, diplomacy, and policy research and education.

Ira William Zartman is Professor Emeritus at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University. He earlier directed the school's Conflict Management and African Studies programs. He holds the Jacob Blaustein Chair in International Organizations and Conflict Resolution. He is a founder and current Board Chairman of the International Peace and Security Institute (IPSI).

William L. Clayton American businessperson

William Lockhart "Will" Clayton was an American business leader and government official. Much of his business career centered on cotton trading. He and his three brothers-in-law formed a partnership that grew into the Anderson, Clayton and Company, at one time the world's largest cotton trading company. Politically aligned with the Democratic Party, he opposed some of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's agricultural policies. He repudiated his opposition after Roosevelt's Secretary of State Cordell Hull worked for a reciprocal trade agreement.

David Rothkopf American writer; foreign policy strategist

David J. Rothkopf is a professor of international relations, political scientist and journalist. He is the founder and CEO of The Rothkopf Group, a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a visiting professor at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University and a prolific author. From 2012 to May 2017, he served as CEO of the FP Group, which publishes Foreign Policy magazine, ForeignPolicy.com, presents FP Events, and is a division of Graham Holdings Company. Rothkopf was first announced as CEO and Editor-at-Large in 2012, when Foreign Policy was owned by the Washington Post Company.

Lado Papava Georgian politician

Vladimer Papava is a Professor of Economics at the Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, an Academician at the Georgian National Academy of Sciences (2013), and the former Rector of the Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University.

The SAIS Review of International Affairs is an academic journal based at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), part of The Johns Hopkins University. The journal's mission is to advance the debate on leading contemporary issues in world affairs. Seeking to bring a fresh and policy-relevant perspective to global political, economic, and security questions, SAIS Review publishes essays that straddle the boundary between scholarly inquiry and practical experience. Issues often include book reviews and photo essays, as well.

Josef Joffe German newspaper editor

Josef Joffe is publisher-editor of Die Zeit, a weekly German newspaper. His second career has been in academia. Appointed Senior Fellow of Stanford's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies in 2007, he is also the Marc and Anita Abramowitz Fellow in International Relations at the Hoover Institution and a courtesy professor of political science at Stanford University. Since 1999, he has been an associate of the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University.

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Robert Warren Tucker, an American realist, is a writer and teacher who is Professor Emeritus of American Foreign Policy at the Johns Hopkins University, Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Stephen F. Szabo is a prominent scholar of German-American and transatlantic relations. He has authored numerous articles and books on the state of transatlantic political and security matters, most notably Parting Ways: The Crisis in German-American Relations (2004) about the deterioration of the relationship between Washington and Berlin in the run-up to the second Iraq War and The Diplomacy of German Reunification (1992) that attributes German reunification to skillful political leadership and adept negotiations by well-positioned German and American political elites.

Gary James Schmitt served as executive director (1999–2001) and president (2002–2005) of the New Citizenship Project before becoming the executive director of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) from 1998 to 2005. He is now a resident scholar and co-director of the American Enterprise Institute’s Marilyn Ware Center for Security Studies launched in 2012.

Jakub J. Grygiel American academic

Jakub J. Grygiel is an associate professor at the Catholic University of America and fellow at The Institute for Human Ecology. In 2017-2018 he was a senior advisor to the Secretary of State in the Office of Policy Planning working on European affairs. Before joining Department of State, he was George H. W. Bush Associate Professor at The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Grygiel was a Senior Fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis.

Robert Edwards Hunter has most recently been a Senior Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C. From 2011-2017, he was also a member of the Secretary of State's International Security Advisory Board., until it was dissolved. He was Director of the Center for Transatlantic Security Studies at the National Defense University, Washington, D.C. (2010-2012) and Senior Advisor at the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Va, (1998-2010). He was United States Ambassador to NATO (1993–1998), in the administration of President Bill Clinton, where he was principal architect and negotiator of the post-Cold War "new NATO" and of the NATO airstrike decisions that ended the Bosnia War. Throughout the administration of President Jimmy Carter, he was senior-most official on West European Affairs (1977–1979) and then Middle East Affairs (1979-1981)on the National Security Council Staff. He was the first Foreign Policy Advisor to Senator Edward M. Kennedy (1993-1997). He served on the White House staff, focusing on education, under President Lyndon Johnson (1964–1965). He was an Administrative Management Intern at the U.S. Navy's Polaris Project, both in Washington and the British Admiralty.

Helmut Sonnenfeldt, also known as Hal Sonnenfeldt, was an American foreign policy expert. He was known as Kissinger’s Kissinger for his philosophical affinity with and influence on Henry A. Kissinger, the architect of American foreign policy in the Nixon and Ford administrations.

Rafal Rohozinski is a Canadian expert and practitioner active in the fields of information security, cyber warfare, and the globalization of armed violence. Rohozinski is a founder and principal investigator of two significant cyber research initiatives: the Infowar Monitor, a joint project between The SecDev Group and the Citizen Lab, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, which examines and documents emerging trends in cyber warfare; and, the OpenNet Initiative, a collaboration with the Citizen Lab, Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School the Advanced Network Research Group at Cambridge University and the Oxford Internet Institute, which documents patterns of Internet censorship worldwide. He is a principal investigator and co-author of the 2009 Ghostnet study examining Chinese cyber-espionage.

Andrew Alexander Michta is a political scientist and Dean of the College of International and Security Studies at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany. Previously he was Professor of National Security Affairs at the US Naval War College. He was also an affiliate of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies – Europe Program in Washington, DC, and an adjunct political scientist at the RAND Corporation.

Thomas O. Melia American government official

Thomas O. Melia currently serves as Washington Director at PEN America. Previously, he served in the Obama Administration as USAID's Assistant Administrator for Europe and Eurasia and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, at the United States Department of State, where his portfolio included Europe, South and Central Asia, the Middle East, and international labor rights. Melia previously served as Executive Director of Democracy International, an organization that designs, implements, and evaluates democracy and governance programs around the world. Melia also served as the Deputy Executive Director of Freedom House, the centrist bipartisan human rights organization launched in 1941 by Eleanor Roosevelt and others.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Exzellenzcluster „Kulturelle Grundlagen von Integration“: Rid, Thomas -Vita, access date: 22 March 2017
  2. "Cyber-Krieg mit China?". Eine Veranstaltung der Reihe "Körber Debate" (in German). Körber Stiftung. Retrieved 9 April 2017. Thomas Rid wurde 1975 geboren.
  3. "Cyber war will not take place: Professor Thomas Rid". Netwars-project.com (in German). Retrieved 9 April 2017. ... Rid was born in 1975 in Aach, Germany. He studied social and political science and...
  4. Dyer, Geoff (12 October 2016). "US weighs up options in response to Russian hacking". Financial Times . Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  5. Joshi, Shashank (10 May 2013). "Digital Destruction". Financial Times . Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  6. Sterling, Bruce (17 August 2016). "How the Cyber Age Gave Peace a Chance". New Scientist . Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  7. "King's College London - Thomas Rid". www.kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
  8. Zur Person, suedkurier.de, 21 January 2011
  9. 1 2 Schlieter, Kai (17 April 2016). "'Über Gott hinwegsetzen'". tageszeitung . Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  10. Rid, Thomas (10 February 2003). "Präventive Medienstrategie der USA. Militärische Öffentlichkeitsarbeit im Banne eines Krieges" (PDF). Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  11. Rid, Thomas (Nov 2009) [12 April 2007]. "Erst surfen, dann kämpfen!" (PDF). Die Zeit . Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  12. Beckermann, Gal (15 September 2013). "Is Cyberwar Really War?". Boston Globe . Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  13. Thomas Rid: About | Thomas Rid, accessdate: 22 March 2017
  14. Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Thomas Rid.
  15. Rid, Thomas (October 2011). "Cyber War Will Not Take Place". Journal of Strategic Studies. 35: 5–32. doi:10.1080/01402390.2011.608939.
  16. "Digital Doomsters". The Economist . 29 June 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  17. Grumbach, Detlef (2 August 2016). "Wenn Mensch und Maschine verschmelzen". Deutschlandfunk . Retrieved 2016-10-25.