Thomas Ridgeway Gould

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Kamehameha I statue in bronze and gold leaf (1881) located in Honolulu, Hawaii Kamehameha I head to waist 5111.jpg
Kamehameha I statue in bronze and gold leaf (1881) located in Honolulu, Hawaii
John Bridge, Cambridge John Bridge by Thomas Ridgeway Gould 2.JPG
John Bridge, Cambridge

Thomas Ridgeway Gould (1818, Boston - November 26, 1881, Florence) was an American sculptor active in Boston and Florence.

Boston Capital city of Massachusetts, United States

Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.

Florence Comune in Tuscany, Italy

Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.

Contents

Biography

Gould was born in Boston. He was at first a merchant with his brother in the dry-goods business, but studied sculpture under Seth Wells Cheney starting in 1851 and in 1863 exhibited two large heads of Christ and Satan at the Boston Athenæum. As a result of the American Civil War, he lost his moderate fortune, and in 1868 moved with his family to Florence, Italy, where he devoted himself to study and work.

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Boston Athenæum library

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American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

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His West Wind, originally sculpted in 1870, stirred controversy in 1874 when it was denounced as a copy of Canova's Hebe, with the exception of the drapery, which was modelled by Signor Mazzoli. Animated newspaper correspondence followed this charge, and it was proved groundless. Gould declared that his designs were entirely his own, and that not a statue, bust, or medallion was allowed to leave his studio until finished in all points on which depended their character and expression.

West Wind was later shown in the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876, and all told Gould subsequently made seven copies in two sizes. He also created statues of Kamehameha the Great , Cleopatra , Timon of Athens , Ariel , and John Hancock (now in the town hall of Lexington, Massachusetts).

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Centennial Exposition first official Worlds Fair in the United States, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Cleopatra Last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt

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Gould visited Boston in 1878, where he executed a number of portrait busts, including those of Emerson (now in the Harvard University library), John Albion Andrew, Seth Wells Cheney, and Junius Brutus Booth. Two alti-rilievi representing Steam and Electricity, displayed within the Boston Herald building, were among his last works. His statue of John Bridge, now on the Cambridge, Massachusetts commons, was completed by his son. Gould died in Florence, Italy in 1881. His body was returned to Forest Hills Cemetery for burial in the family plot, where it is commemorated with one of his own creations, Ascending Spirit.

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Works

He produced portrait busts of Emerson, John A. Andrew, and Junius Brutus Booth.

Notes

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