Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton

Last updated
Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton
Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton.png
Broughton in 1939.
Born(1900-02-17)February 17, 1900
DiedSeptember 17, 1993(1993-09-17) (aged 93)
Alma mater University of Toronto (B.A., 1921)
Johns Hopkins University (Ph.D., 1928)
Occupationprofessor, classical scholar, Roman historian, author
Known forLatin prosopography; Magistrates of the Roman Republic

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, FBA ( /ˈbrɔːtən/ ; 17 February 1900 – 17 September 1993) was a Canadian classical scholar and leading Latin prosopographer of the twentieth century. [1] He is especially noted for his definitive three-volume work, Magistrates of the Roman Republic (1951-1986). [2]


Life and career

Broughton was born in 1900 in Corbetton, Ontario. He attended Victoria College at the University of Toronto. There he received a B.A. in 1921 with honors in classics. He earned his M.A. in 1922. After studying at the University of Chicago, he was made a Rogers Fellow at Johns Hopkins University, where he received a Ph.D. in Latin in 1928, having studied under the famed ancient historian Tenney Frank (1876-1939). [3]

He began his teaching career at Victoria College, Toronto. Broughton would go on to teach at Amherst College, Bryn Mawr College (1928-1965) and, later, serve as George L. Paddison Professor of Latin at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1965-1971), where the Library Epigraphy Room, created at his behest, remains a seminal resource. Although he retired from UNC in 1971 (then aged 71), he would continue to work and advise students until his death in 1993. [1]

In 1931, he married Annie Leigh Hobson Broughton of Norfolk, Virginia. They had two children, Margaret Broughton Tenney and T. Alan Broughton (b. 1936), a poet and pianist and professor emeritus of the University of Vermont. Mrs. Broughton died on September 19, 2005, in Charleston, South Carolina. [4]

Magistrates of the Roman Republic

Broughton's main scholarly work was his massive, three-volume Magistrates of the Roman Republic (commonly abbreviated MRR), published 1951 to 1986 and requiring more than 30 years to complete. [5] The project provides an unparalleled accounting of the names of men elected to office during the Roman Republic and has become a standard reference work. It provides a year-by-year list of all known office-holders, including not only the magistracies of the cursus honorum from consul to quaestor, but also promagistracies and military commands in the provinces, legates (both official and ad hoc), military prefects, priesthoods, and special commissions. Each entry is documented with ancient sources and selected works of modern scholarship. An index by name, listing each man's known offices, appears in volume 2.

In 1953 the Magistrates of the Roman Republic was recognized with the Charles J. Goodwin Awards of Merit from the American Philological Association. [6]

Achievements and awards

Broughton's career included a variety of academic appointments and awards: visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University, Simon F. Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow, holder of a Fulbright research grant to Italy and professor in charge of the School of Classical Studies of the American Academy in Rome.

Broughton served as president of the American Philological Association and as vice president of the International Federation of Societies of Classical Studies for 10 years. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an honorary member of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, a corresponding member of the German Archaeological Institute and a corresponding Fellow of the British Academy. Three universities awarded him honorary LL.D. degrees: Johns Hopkins University in 1969, the University of Toronto in 1971 and UNC in 1974.

After Broughton's death in September 1993, a Colloquium was organised for November 1994 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in honour of his memory. The papers delivered on this occasion, including those by eminent scholars such as T.P. Wiseman, Erich S. Gruen, and Ernst Badian, later formed the basis of the honorific volume Imperium Sine Fine: T. Robert S. Broughton and the Roman Republic, edited by J. Linderski. [7]



Related Research Articles

Aequitas Roman legal concept

Aequitas is the Latin concept of justice, equality, conformity, symmetry, or fairness. It is the origin of the English word "equity". In ancient Rome, it could refer to either the legal concept of equity, or fairness between individuals.

The Society for Classical Studies (SCS), formerly known as the American Philological Association (APA), founded in 1869, is a non-profit North American scholarly organization devoted to all aspects of Greek and Roman civilization. It is the preeminent association in the field, and publishes a journal, Transactions of the American Philological Association (TAPA). The APA is currently based at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia.

Several men of plebeian status were named Lucius Scribonius Libo during the Roman Republic and Roman Empire; they were members of the gens Scribonia.

Jerzy Sever Linderski is a contemporary Polish scholar of ancient history and Roman religion and law.

Lily Ross Taylor was an American academic and author, who in 1917 became the first female Fellow of the American Academy in Rome.

George Lucas Paddison was an American assistant professor, lawyer, and sales supervisor.

Richard John Alexander Talbert is a British-American contemporary ancient historian and classicist on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he is William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor of Ancient History and Classics. Talbert is a leading scholar of ancient geography and the idea of space in the ancient Mediterranean world.

Tenney Frank

Tenney Frank was a prominent ancient historian and classical scholar.

Agnes Freda Isabel Kirsopp Lake Michels known as "Nan" to her friends, was a leading twentieth century scholar of Roman religion and daily life and a daughter of the Biblical scholar Kirsopp Lake (1872–1946).

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio 1st century BC Roman politician and general

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, often referred to as Metellus Scipio, was a Roman senator and military commander. During the civil war between Julius Caesar and the senatorial faction led by Pompey, he was a staunch supporter of the latter. He led troops against Caesar's forces, mainly in the battles of Pharsalus and Thapsus, where he was defeated. He later committed suicide. Ronald Syme called him "the last Scipio of any consequence in Roman history."

Aulus Postumius Albinus was a Roman senator and military commander. In 110 BC, he went to serve on the staff of his brother, Spurius, in the war against the Numidian king Jugurtha. Left in charge of the troops during the winter, Aulus decided on a rash foray which involved the army in a humiliating defeat and surrender. The disaster led to the establishment of a commission which condemned several prominent aristocrats of collusion with the enemy during the war. Aulus himself was seemingly not condemned, and went on to be elected consul a decade later, in 99 BC. In 89, Aulus held command of a fleet during the Social War in Italy, but proved to be an unpopular commander and was murdered by his troops.

<i>Fasti Capitolini</i> List of the annual magistrates at Rome down to the time of Augustus

The Fasti Capitolini, or Capitoline Fasti, are a list of the chief magistrates of the Roman Republic, extending from the early fifth century BC down to the reign of Augustus, the first Roman emperor. Together with similar lists found at Rome and elsewhere, they form part of a chronology referred to as the Fasti Annales, Fasti Consulares, or Consular Fasti, or occasionally just the fasti.

<i>Lex curiata de imperio</i>

In the constitution of ancient Rome, the lex curiata de imperio was the law confirming the rights of higher magistrates to hold power, or imperium. In theory, it was passed by the comitia curiata, which was also the source for leges curiatae pertaining to Roman adoption.

Publius Cloelius Siculus was appointed rex sacrorum in 180 BC, succeeding Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella. Valerius Maximus says that he was flamen dialis, and that he was compelled to resign because of improperly presented exta. The rex sacrorum traditionally held this title until his death; however, the date of Siculus' death is unknown.

Gaius Aemilius Mamercus was a Roman statesman who may have served as Dictator in 463 BC.

Lucius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus was a Roman politician during the 5th century BC, and was consul in 472 BC.

The lex Cassia de senatu was a Roman law, introduced in 104 BC by the tribune L. Cassius Longinus. The law excluded from the senate individuals who had been deprived of imperium by popular vote or had been convicted of a crime in a popular assembly.

Tiberius Aemilius Mamercus or was a Roman senator active in the fifth century BC. He was consul in 470 and 467 BC.


  1. 1 2 Jerzy Linderski (1 January 1996). Imperium Sine Fine. Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN   978-3-515-06948-9.
  2. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton (1952). The Magistrates of the Roman Republic: 99 B.C.-31 B.C. American Philological Association. ISBN   9780891308126.
  3. Broughton, T. Robert S. (1929). The romanization of Africa Proconsularis. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins press. Available online at
  5. The Online Books Page The Magistrates of the Roman Republic
  6. Goodwin Award of Merit - Previous Winners
  7. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton (1996). Imperium Sine Fine: T. Robert S. Broughton and the Roman Republic. Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN   978-3-515-06948-9.
  8. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton (1968). The Romanization of Africa proconsularis. Greenwood Press. ISBN   9780837100302.
  9. Broughton, T. R. S. "Was Sallust Fair to Cicero?" Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 67 (1936): 34-46. Accessed April 17, 2021. doi:10.2307/283225.
  10. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton (1951). The Magistrates of the Roman Republic: 99 B.C.-31 B.C. Scholars Press. ISBN   9780891308126.
  11. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton. "Roman Landholding in Asia Minor." Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 65 (1934): 207-39. Accessed April 17, 2021. doi:10.2307/283029.
  12. T. Robert S. Broughton. "Notes on Roman Magistrates. I. The Command of M. Antonius in Cilicia. II. Lucullus' Commission and Pompey's Acta." Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 77 (1946): 35-43. Accessed April 17, 2021. doi:10.2307/283441.
  13. T. Robert S. Broughton. "Candidates Defeated in Roman Elections: Some Ancient Roman "Also-Rans"." Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 81, no. 4 (1991): I-64. Accessed April 17, 2021. doi:10.2307/1006532.
  14. American Doctoral Dissertations. University Microfilms. 1969.
  15. Donald W. Wade (1979). The Roman Auxiliary Units and Camps in Dacia. University Microfilms.
  16. George Woodard Houston (1988). Roman Imperial Administrative Personnel During the Principates of Vespasian and Titus: A. University Microfilms.
  17. Mary Alice Goldsberry (1980). Sicily and Its Cities in Hellenistic and Roman Times. University Microfilms.
  18. James Geraty Harrison (1977). The Official Priests of Rome in the Reigns of Trajan and Hadrian: A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Classics. the author.