Thomas Robins the Elder

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Thomas Robins, Panoramic View of Charlton Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Oil on canvas, c. 1748. Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum. Panoramic View of Charlton Park, Thomas Robins.jpg
Thomas Robins, Panoramic View of Charlton Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Oil on canvas, c. 1748. Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum.

Thomas Robins the Elder (1715/161770) was an English artist known for his depictions of English country houses and their gardens. His work has particular historical value as he documented many Rococo gardens that have since disappeared. [1]

English country house larger mansion estate in England, UK

An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a town house. This allowed them to spend time in the country and in the city—hence, for these people, the term distinguished between town and country. However, the term also encompasses houses that were, and often still are, the full-time residence for the landed gentry that ruled rural Britain until the Reform Act 1832. Frequently, the formal business of the counties was transacted in these country houses.

Rococo 18th-century artistic movement and style

Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is a highly ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors, sculpted molding, and trompe l'oeil frescoes to create the illusions of surprise, motion and drama. It first appeared in France and Italy in the 1730s and spread to Central Europe in the 1750s and 1760s. It is often described as the final expression of the Baroque movement.


In 1748, Robins painted the Rococo garden at Painswick House that had been created by Benjamin Hyett II. [2] Hugh Hammersley's rococo gardens at Woodside in Berkshire were captured in three paintings by Robins. [3]

Painswick House Grade I listed building in Stroud District, United Kingdom

Painswick House is a grade I listed house in Painswick, Gloucestershire, England.

Benjamin Hyett II

Benjamin Hyett II (1708–1762) was the owner of Painswick House, now a grade I listed building, which he inherited from his father the member of Parliament Charles Hyett. His father built the house to escape the smog of Gloucester but died soon after it was completed.

Woodside, Old Windsor

Woodside is a large detached house with 37 acres of gardens in Old Windsor, Berkshire, on the edge of Windsor Great Park. The house has been rebuilt several times since the 18th century. The Rococo gardens of Woodside were laid out in the mid-18th century and depicted by the artist Thomas Robins the Elder. The gardens were subsequently redesigned under Rosemary Verey and Roy Strong in the 1980s and 1990s. Woodside has been the home of the musician Elton John since 1975.

His son, Thomas Robins the Younger (17481806), followed his father in his style of work. [4]

Thomas Robins the Younger

Thomas Robins the Younger (1748–1806) was an English artist known for his depictions of English country houses, their gardens, and the natural world. His father, also Thomas Robins, was noted for his paintings of Gloucestershire gardens.

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  1. robins, thomas, born 1715 - died 1770. Victoria & Albert Museum. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  3. Mark Laird (23 February 1999). The Flowering of the Landscape Garden: English Pleasure Grounds, 1720-1800. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 187. ISBN   0-8122-3457-X.
  4. Thomas Robins (Biographical details). The British Museum. Retrieved 6 August 2015.

Further reading

Royal Institute of British Architects professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

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