Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham

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The Lord Grantham

PC
Thomas Robinson 2nd Baron.jpg
First Lord of Trade
In office
9 December 1780 11 July 1782
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord North
The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by The Earl of Carlisle
Succeeded by The Lord Sydney (President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations)
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
13 July 1782 2 April 1783
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Shelburne
Preceded by Hon. Charles James Fox
Succeeded by Hon. Charles James Fox
Personal details
Born30 November 1738 (1738-11-30)
Vienna, Austria
Died20 July 1786 (1786-07-21) (aged 47)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Lady Mary Yorke
(1757–1830)
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge

Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham PC (30 November 1738 – 20 July 1786) was a British statesman. He notably served as Foreign Secretary between 1782 and 1783.

Contents

Background and education

Grantham was born in Vienna, Austria, the son of Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, British Ambassador to Austria at the time, by his wife Frances, daughter of Thomas Worsley. He was educated at Westminster School and at Christ's College, Cambridge, [1]

Vienna Capital of Austria

Vienna is the federal capital, largest city and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today it is the second largest German-speaking city after Berlin and just before Hamburg. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of Czechia, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.

Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham British diplomatist and politician

Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham,, of Newby, Yorkshire, was a British diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1727 and 1761.

Westminster School school in Westminster, UK

Westminster School is a Public School in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Westminster’s origins can be traced to a charity school established by the Benedictine monks of Westminster Abbey. Its continuous existence is certain from the early fourteenth century. Boys are admitted to the Under School at age seven and to the senior school at age thirteen; girls are admitted at age sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.

Political career

Grantham entered parliament as member for Christchurch in 1761, [2] and succeeded to the peerage, because of his father's death, in 1770. That year he was appointed to the Privy Council. In 1771 he was sent as British Ambassador to Spain and retained this post until war broke out between Great Britain and Spain in 1779. In 1772, while at the Summer Spanish Court in Aranjuez, he received correspondence from Richard Wall, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs. [3] From 1780 to 1782 Grantham was President of the Board of Trade, and from July 1782 to April 1783 Foreign Secretary under Lord Shelburne.

Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Christchurch is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Christopher Chope of the Conservative Party.

Kingdom of Great Britain Constitutional monarchy in Western Europe between 1707 and 1801

The Kingdom of Great Britain was a sovereign state in western Europe from 1 May 1707 to 1 January 1801. The state came into being following the Treaty of Union in 1706, ratified by the Acts of Union 1707, which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland to form a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands, with the exception of the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. The unitary state was governed by a single parliament and government that was based in Westminster. The former kingdoms had been in personal union since James VI of Scotland became King of England and King of Ireland in 1603 following the death of Elizabeth I, bringing about the "Union of the Crowns". Since its inception the kingdom was in legislative and personal union with Ireland and after the accession of George I to the throne of Great Britain in 1714, the kingdom was in a personal union with the Electorate of Hanover.

Aranjuez Municipality in Community of Madrid, Spain

Aranjuez, also called the Royal Estate of Aranjuez, is a city and municipality, capital of the Las Vegas district, in the southern part of the Community of Madrid, Spain. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south of Madrid, and 44 kilometres (27 mi) from Toledo. As of 2009, it had a population of 54,055. It is the 17th-largest city in the Community of Madrid and the autonomous community's largest and most populous urban center outside Greater Madrid Area.

Marriage & progeny

James Grant of Grant, John Mytton, the Hon. Thomas Robinson, and Thomas Wynne by Nathaniel Dance-Holland, c. 1760. Nathaniel Dance-Holland - James Grant of Grant, John Mytton, the Hon. Thomas Robinson, and Thomas Wynne - Google Art Project.jpg
James Grant of Grant, John Mytton, the Hon. Thomas Robinson, and Thomas Wynne by Nathaniel Dance-Holland, c. 1760.

In 1780 Lord Grantham married Lady Mary Jemima Yorke (1757-1830), younger daughter of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke by his wife Lady Jemima Campbell (1723-1797), suo jure 2nd Marchioness Grey, a daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland and Lady Amabel Grey, a daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent (1671-1740).

Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke British politician

Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke FRS was an English politician.

Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey British peeress and letter writer

Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and Countess of Hardwicke was a British peeress.

Suo jure is a Latin phrase, used in English to mean "in his/her own right".

In 1740 Lord Grantham's mother-in-law Lady Jemima Campbell (1723-1797) succeeded as Marchioness Grey by a special remainder upon the death of her maternal grandfather Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who also held that title. As she had no male heirs, the title later became extinct upon her own death in 1797, but in 1816 her elder daughter Lady Amabel Yorke (1750–1833) (wife of Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth) was created Countess de Grey in her own right.

In property law of the United Kingdom and the United States and other common law countries, a remainder is a future interest given to a person that is capable of becoming possessory upon the natural end of a prior estate created by the same instrument. Thus, the prior estate must be one that is capable of ending naturally, for example upon the expiration of a term of years or the death of a life tenant. A future interest following a fee simple absolute cannot be a remainder because of the preceding infinite duration.

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent British noble

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, KG, PC was a British politician and courtier.

Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey Campbell, Amabel Hume- [née Lady Amabel Yorke], suo jure Countess De Grey (1751–1833), political writer

Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey was a diarist and political writer who was a Countess in her own right. Had she been male, she would have served in the House of Lords as a Whig. She wrote particularly about the French Revolution.

Lord Grantham and his wife lived at Grantham House in Whitehall Yard, Westminster. By his wife had two sons:

Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey British Tory politician

Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 3rd Baron Grantham and 6th Baron Lucas, KG, PC, FRS, known as The Lord Grantham from 1786 to 1833, was a British Tory statesman of the 19th century. Born Thomas Philip Robinson, his surname was Weddell from 1803 and de Grey from 1833.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Head of UK Government

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, until 1801 known as the Prime Minister of Great Britain, is the head of government of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.

Death

He died on 20 July 1786, aged only 46, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son, Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey. His widow continued to live at Grantham House until her own death in January 1830, aged 72 years. [4]

Styles of address

See also

Wrest Park

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References

  1. "Robinson, Thomas (RBN755T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  3. Letters from Wall to Robinson, 30 December 1772, 10 December 1776, 13 December 1774, 18 October 1777. Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Record Service L 30/14/409/1-4. Wall lived at Soto de Roma, Íllora, near Granada and mentions people from England visiting him, receiving and sending little presents.
  4. "Grantham House". British History Online. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Robinson
John Mordaunt
Member of Parliament for Christchurch
1761–1770
With: James Harris
Succeeded by
James Harris
Sir James Harris
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Villiers
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1770–1771
Succeeded by
Viscount Hinchingbrooke
Preceded by
The Earl of Carlisle
First Lord of Trade
1780–1782
Succeeded by
Thomas Townshend
as President of the Committee on
Trade and Foreign Plantations
Preceded by
Charles James Fox
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1782–1783
Succeeded by
Charles James Fox
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Robinson
Baron Grantham
1770–1786
Succeeded by
Thomas Robinson