The Lord Grantham
|First Lord of Trade|
9 December 1780 –11 July 1782
|Prime Minister|| Lord North |
The Marquess of Rockingham
|Preceded by||The Earl of Carlisle|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Sydney (President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations)|
|Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs|
13 July 1782 –2 April 1783
|Prime Minister||The Earl of Shelburne|
|Preceded by||Charles James Fox|
|Succeeded by||Charles James Fox|
|Born||30 November 1738|
|Died||20 July 1786 47)(aged|
|Spouse(s)|| Lady Mary Yorke |
|Alma mater||Christ's College, Cambridge|
Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham PC (30 November 1738 – 20 July 1786) was a British statesman. He notably served as Foreign Secretary between 1782 and 1783.
Grantham was born in Vienna, Austria, the son of Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, British Ambassador to Austria at the time, by his wife Frances, daughter of Thomas Worsley. He was educated at Westminster School and at Christ's College, Cambridge,
Grantham entered parliament as member for Christchurch in 1761,and succeeded to the peerage, because of his father's death, in 1770. That year he was appointed to the Privy Council. In 1771 he was sent as British Ambassador to Spain and retained this post until war broke out between Great Britain and Spain in 1779. In 1772, while at the Summer Spanish Court in Aranjuez, he received correspondence from Richard Wall, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs. From 1780 to 1782 Grantham was President of the Board of Trade, and from July 1782 to April 1783 Foreign Secretary under Lord Shelburne.
In 1780 Lord Grantham married Lady Mary Yorke (1757-1830), younger daughter of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke by his wife Lady Jemima Campbell (1723-1797), suo jure 2nd Marchioness Grey, a daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland by his wife Lady Amabel Grey, a daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent (1671-1740).
In 1740 Lord Grantham's mother-in-law Lady Jemima Campbell (1723-1797) succeeded as 2nd Marchioness Grey by a special remainder upon the death of her maternal grandfather Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, 1st Marquess Grey, 3rd Baron Lucas. As she had no male heirs, the title later became extinct upon her own death in 1797, but in 1816 her elder daughter Lady Amabel Yorke (1750–1833) (wife of Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth) was created Countess de Grey in her own right.
Lord Grantham and his wife lived at Grantham House in Whitehall Yard, Westminster. By his wife had two sons:
He died on 20 July 1786, aged only 46, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son, Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey. His widow continued to live at Grantham House until her own death in January 1830, aged 72 years.
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, PC, FRS, styled Viscount Royston between 1754 and 1764, was an English politician and writer.
Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG, PC, FRS, known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.
The peerage title Earl of Kent has been created eight times in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earl of Hardwicke is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1754 for Philip Yorke, 1st Baron Hardwicke, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain from 1737 to 1756. He had already been created Baron Hardwicke, of Hardwicke in the County of Gloucestershire, in 1733, and was made Viscount Royston at the same time as he was given the earldom. These titles were also in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented Reigate and Cambridgeshire in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. Lord Hardwicke married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who succeeded her grandfather as Marchioness Grey in 1722. They had two daughters of whom the eldest, Lady Amabel, was created Countess De Grey in her own right in 1816.
Baron Lucas is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. The second creation is extant and is currently held with the title Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland.
Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 3rd Baron Grantham, 6th Baron Lucas, KG, PC, FRS, of Wrest Park in the parish of Silsoe, Bedfordshire, was a British Tory statesman. Born "Thomas Philip Robinson", his surname changed to "Weddell" in 1803 and to "de Grey" in 1833.
Earl de Grey, of Wrest in the County of Bedford, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 25 October 1816 for Amabell Hume-Campbell, Dowager Lady Polwarth and suo jure 5th Baroness Lucas, with remainder to the heirs male of her body and in default of such issue to her sister Mary Jemima Robinson, Dowager Baroness Grantham, and the heirs male of her body. She was the eldest daughter and co-heir of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, and Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey, eldest daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, and Lady Amabel Grey, eldest daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent. The marquessate of Grey had become extinct on her mother's death in 1797 and when the Grey title was revived in favour of her daughter the style "de Grey" was used to distinguish it from the earldom of Grey which had been created in 1806; the Grey family was extremely distantly related to the Earl Grey). The Countess de Grey was the widow of Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth, eldest son of Hugh Hume, 3rd Earl of Marchmont.
Marquess Grey was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created on 19 May 1740 for Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, with remainder to the male issue of his body and in default thereof to his granddaughter the Honourable Jemima Campbell and the heirs male of her body. The Duke of Kent died only two weeks after the creation of the marquessate when the dukedom and most of its subsidiary titles became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony of Lucas and in the marquessate of Grey according to the special remainder by his granddaughter Jemima, the second Marchioness Grey. She was the daughter of John Campbell, Lord Glenorchy, later 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, and Lady Amabel Grey, eldest daughter of the Duke of Kent. On 22 May 1740, three days after the marquessate was created, she married the Honourable Philip Yorke, later 2nd Earl of Hardwicke. They had two daughters, Lady Amabel Yorke and Lady Mary Yorke. Lady Grey died in January 1797, aged 73. As she had no sons the marquessate died with her. However, she was succeeded in the barony of Lucas by her eldest daughter, Lady Amabel, who in 1816 was created Countess de Grey in her own right.
Marquess of Ripon, in the County of York was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1871 for the Liberal politician George Robinson, 2nd Earl of Ripon.
Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, KG, PC was a British politician and courtier.
Earl of Breadalbane and Holland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1681 for Sir John Campbell, 5th Baronet, of Glenorchy, who had previously been deprived of the title Earl of Caithness. He, as a principal creditor, had "acquired" the estates of George Sinclair, 6th Earl of Caithness who had died heavily in debt and without issue in 1670. Campbell was consequently created Earl of Caithness in 1673, but after much litigation and even bloodshed, George Sinclair of Keiss, second son of George, 5th Earl of Caithness, recovered the estates, and successfully petitioned parliament regarding the earldom, which was removed from Campbell. Sinclair's title was finally restored to him in 1681. Deprived by parliament of the Caithness earldom, Sir John Campbell was created Lord Glenorchy, Benederaloch, Ormelie and Weick, Viscount of Tay and Paintland, and Earl of Breadalbane and Holland on 13 August 1681, with the precedency of the former patent and with the power to nominate any of his sons by his first wife to succeed him. The titles were created with remainder to the heirs male of the son chosen to succeed him, failing which to the heirs male of his body, failing which to his own heirs male, failing which to his heirs whatsoever. The "of Holland" part of the title derived from the fact that Campbell was the husband of Lady Mary Rich, daughter of Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland.
John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland KB, styled Lord Glenorchy from 1716 until 1752, was a Scottish nobleman, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1746.
Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and Countess of Hardwicke was a British peeress.
Grey is a surname. It may refer to:
The de Grey Mausoleum in Flitton, Bedfordshire, England, is one of the largest sepulchral chapels in the country. It is a Grade I listed building. The Mausoleum contains over twenty monuments to the de Grey family who lived in nearby Wrest Park.
George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper, styled Viscount Fordwich until 1837, was a British Whig politician. He served briefly as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under his uncle Lord Melbourne in 1834.
Hugh Hume-Campbell, 3rd Earl of Marchmont PC FRS, styled Lord Polwarth between 1724 and 1740, was a Scottish politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 until 1740 when he succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Marchmont. He sat in the House of Lords as a representative peer from 1750.
The House of Grey is an ancient English noble family hailing from Creully in Normandy. The founder of the House of Grey was Anchetil de Greye, a Norman chevalier and vassal of William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford, one of the very few proven companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The name, initially having been difficult to comprehend in the English language, was variously transliterated as Grey, Grai, Greye and Gray. The Grey family were first ennobled in the 13th century as Barons Grey of Codnor, of Ruthyn and of Wilton.
Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey, 5th Baroness Lucas was a diarist and political writer who was a Countess in her own right. Had she been male, she would have served in the House of Lords as a Whig. She wrote particularly about the French Revolution.
Jemima Grey, Duchess of Kent, formerly Jemima Crew, was the first wife of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Sir Thomas Robinson
| Member of Parliament for Christchurch |
With: James Harris
Sir James Harris
| Vice-Chamberlain of the Household |
The Earl of Carlisle
| First Lord of Trade |
as President of the Committee on
Trade and Foreign Plantations
Charles James Fox
| Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs |
Charles James Fox
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Baron Grantham |