Thomas Rodger

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Thomas Rodger, c.1863 Thomas Rodger.jpg
Thomas Rodger, c.1863

Thomas Rodger (8 April 1832 – 6 January 1883) was an early Scottish photographer. He studied at the University of St Andrews and was a protégé of Dr. John Adamson who also persuaded him to become a photographer. [1] At age 14, he was apprenticed to Dr. James, a local chemist and druggist, whilst studying at Madras College. [2] [3] Adamson later taught him the calotype process which he had earlier taught his famous brother, Robert Adamson. Adamson persuaded him to assist Lord Kinnaird in his calotype studio at Rossie Priory. Rodger enrolled at the Andersonian College of Glasgow to study medicine, but Adamson persuaded him to set up a professional business in calotyping in St Andrews. [3]

University of St Andrews university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland

The University of St Andrews is a British public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and the third oldest university in the English-speaking world. St Andrews was founded between 1410 and 1413, when the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII issued a papal bull to a small founding group of Augustinian clergy.

John Adamson (physician) Scottish physician, photographer, physicist, lecturer and museum curator

John Adamson was a Scottish physician, pioneer photographer, physicist, lecturer and museum curator. He was a highly respected figure in St Andrews, and was responsible for producing the first calotype portrait in Scotland in 1841. He taught the process to his brother, the famous pioneering photographer Robert Adamson. He was curator of the Literary and Philosophical Society Museum at St Andrews from 1838 until his death.

Madras College Scottish secondary school located in St Andrews, Fife

Madras College, often referred to as Madras, is a Scottish secondary school located in St Andrews, Fife. It educates over 1,400 pupils aged between 11 and 18 and was founded in 1833 by the Rev. Dr Andrew Bell.

In 1853 he was awarded the Aberdeen Mechanics' Institution Medal. In 1855, Rodger was awarded the Silver Medal of the Society of the Arts for his paper on Collodion Calotype. [4] He won the Edinburgh Photographic Society Medal in 1856 and the International Photographic Exhibition Medal in 1877. [3] When the Photographic Society of Scotland was established in 1856, Rodger was one of its original members. [1] [5]

Rodger's photographs can mainly be found in the St Andrews University Library and museum. He was also the author of the best known portrait of his master John Adamson in around 1865. Rodger himself was a protégé of Ivan Szabo (1822–1858) in the 1850s, who later opened his own studio in Edinburgh. [6] Rodger was known to attend the Congregational Church at St Andrews, along with James Valentine, who he probably photographed in around 1850. [7]

The Museum of the University of St Andrews (MUSA) opened in October 2008 and is associated with the University of St Andrews. The museum houses a selection of the University's historic and artistic collections, which comprise over 112,000 artefacts. They are displayed across four galleries which aim to tell the story of the University. The museum also contains a ‘Learning Loft’ for workshops and a viewing terrace with panoramic views over St Andrews Bay.

James Valentine (photographer) Scottish photographer

James Valentine was a Scottish photographer. Valentine's of Dundee produced Scottish topographical views from the 1860s, and later became internationally famous as the producers of picture postcards.

There is a blue plaque in his honour in St Andrews outside his house and studio (now the University Careers Centre). It says "The first professional photographer in St. Andrews, he was taught the calotype process by Dr John Adamson, who induced him to make it his life's work. His pictorial record of the town, its people, the fisher folk and eminent visitors, brought him great fame. His favour with visiting royalty gave him journeys to London on Royal Photographic missions. He built this house and in it the first photographic studio in the town. Brewster, the Adamsons and Rodger made St. Andrews a world centre of photography." [8]

David Brewster British astronomer and mathematician

Sir David BrewsterKH PRSE FRS FSA(Scot) FSSA MICE was a British scientist, inventor, author, and academic administrator. In science he is principally remembered for his experimental work in physical optics, mostly concerned with the study of the polarization of light and including the discovery of Brewster's angle. He studied the birefringence of crystals under compression and discovered photoelasticity, thereby creating the field of optical mineralogy. For this work, William Whewell dubbed him the "father of modern experimental optics" and "the Johannes Kepler of optics."

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References

  1. 1 2 Stevenson, Sara; Adamson, Robert (1981). David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson: catalogue of their calotypes taken between 1843 and 1847 in the collection of the Scottish National Portrait Gallery. Scottish National Portrait Gallery, National Galleries of Scotland. p. 29. ISBN   978-0-903148-37-5 . Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  2. (Firm), Hans P. Kraus, Jr. (c. 1987). Sun pictures. Hans P. Kraus, Jr., Inc. p. 9. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 "Early Photography Collection of St Andrews University Library". Archives Hub. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  4. Society of Arts (Great Britain) (1855). Journal of the Society of Arts. The Society. p. 47. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  5. Art Libraries Society (2003). Art libraries journal. ARLIS. p. 24. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  6. "Mrs Janet Ross Playfair. Wife of surgeon-general George Playfair". University of St Andrews. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  7. "Mr James Valentine". University of St Andrews. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  8. Blue Plaque for Thomas Rodger

Further reading