Thomas Roe, 1st Baron Roe (13 July 1832 – 7 June 1923), known as Sir Thomas Roe between 1894 and 1917, was a British businessman and Liberal politician, particularly associated with the town of Derby.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town. At the 2011 census, the population was 248,700. Derby gained city status in 1977.
[ citation needed ], Roe was the son of Thomas Roe, a timber merchant and Mayor of Derby, and his wife Deborah, daughter of Absalom Oakley. He began to work in the office of his father's company, Messr Roe & Sons, timber merchants, at the age of fourteen and became a partner at the age of twenty-two.
At the age of 26 he became a member of the Derby Town Council and served as Mayor of Derby from 1864 to 1865. He was particularly interested in education, and was one of the original members of the Derby School Board in 1870 and later served as Chairman of the Education Committee of the town council.He entered Parliament for Derby in an 1883 by-election, a seat he held until he was defeated at the 1895 general election. Roe was again Mayor of Derby from 1896 to 1897 and returned to the House of Commons at the 1900 general election, when he was once again elected for Derby. Mayor of Derby for a third time from 1910 to 1911 he retired from the House of Commons in 1916. He was knighted in 1894 and in 1917 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Roe, of the Borough of Derby.
Derby School was a school in Derby in the English Midlands from 1160 to 1989. It had an almost continuous history of education of over eight centuries. For most of that time it was a grammar school for boys. The school became co-educational and comprehensive in 1972 and was closed in 1989. In 1994 a new independent school called Derby Grammar School for boys was founded.
Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.
The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs following John Dillon whilst a rump followed John Redmond.
Lord Roe married, at the age of 71, Emily, daughter of Matthew Kirtley, in 1903. The marriage was childless and she died in July 1909. Roe survived her by fourteen years and died in June 1923, aged 90, when the barony became extinct.
Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley, Lord Stanley, was a British Conservative politician. The eldest son of the 17th Earl of Derby, he held minor political office before being appointed Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs in 1938, sitting in the cabinet alongside his brother Oliver Stanley. However, Stanley died only a few months after this appointment, aged 44, with his oldest son, Edward John Stanley, succeeding to the earldom in his stead.
Thomas Foster was the Mayor of Toronto, Ontario, Canada from 1925 to 1927.
Charles Bowyer Adderley, 1st Baron Norton was a British Conservative politician.
Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael, known as Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, Bt, between 1891 and 1912, was a Scottish Liberal politician and colonial administrator. He was also a keen naturalist.
Ernest Murray Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth, KBE, PC was a British Conservative politician, lawyer and judge. He served as Master of the Rolls from 1923 to 1935.
Thomas Edward Taylor PC, was a British Conservative Party politician. He served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1868 and between 1874 and 1880 under Benjamin Disraeli.
John Wilson-Patten, 1st Baron Winmarleigh PC was a British Conservative politician.
Leifchild Stratten Leif-Jones, 1st Baron Rhayader, PC, known as Leif Jones before his elevation to the peerage in 1932, was a British Temperance movement leader and Liberal politician.
Thomas Newport, 1st Baron Torrington, styled The Honourable from 1675 until 1716, was an English barrister and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1695 and 1716 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Torrington.
William Hayes Fisher, 1st Baron Downham, PC, KStJ was a British Conservative Party politician. He held office as President of the Local Government Board and Minister of Information in David Lloyd George's First World War coalition government.
Alfred Emmott, 1st Baron Emmott, was a British businessman and Liberal Party politician.
William Edwardes, 4th Baron Kensington PC, also 1st Baron Kensington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, styled The Honourable William Edwardes between 1852 and 1872, was a British landowner and Liberal politician. He notably served as Comptroller of the Household from 1880 to 1885 and as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1892 to 1895.
James McCrie Douglas was a politician in Alberta, Canada, a mayor of Edmonton, and a member of the House of Commons of Canada.
William Pickford, 1st Baron Sterndale PC was a British lawyer and judge. He served as a Lord Justice of Appeal between 1914 and 1918, as President of the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division between 1918 and 1919 and as Master of the Rolls between 1919 and 1923.
Francis Campbell Ross Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Barloch KCMG, was a British journalist, solicitor and Labour Party politician.
Sir Thomas Bland Royden, 1st Baronet was an English ship-owner and Conservative Party politician.
Thomas Henry Sanderson, 1st Baron Sanderson was a British civil servant. He was Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1894 and 1906.
Colonel Herbert Merton Jessel, 1st Baron Jessel CB, CMG, TD, DL, JP, known as Sir Herbert Jessel, Bt, between 1917 and 1924, was a British soldier and Liberal Unionist, later Conservative politician.
Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Charles Churchman, 1st Baron Woodbridge, DL, known as Sir Arthur Churchman, Bt, between 1917 and 1932, was a British tobacco manufacturer, soldier and Conservative politician.
John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, of New Hall, Boreham, Essex, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1737 and 1762.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Michael Thomas Bass
Sir William Harcourt
| Member of Parliament for Derby |
With: Sir William Harcourt
Sir Henry Bemrose
Sir Henry Howe Bemrose
| Member of Parliament for Derby |
With: Richard Bell 1900–1910
J. H. Thomas 1910–1916
J. H. Thomas
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Roe |