Thomas Roe, 1st Baron Roe

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Thomas Roe 1890 Thomas Roe MP.jpg
Thomas Roe

Thomas Roe, 1st Baron Roe (13 July 1832 – 7 June 1923), known as Sir Thomas Roe between 1894 and 1917, was a British businessman and Liberal politician, particularly associated with the town of Derby.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Derby City and Unitary authority area

Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town. At the 2011 census, the population was 248,700. Derby gained city status in 1977.


Background and early life

Of a modest background[ citation needed ], Roe was the son of Thomas Roe, a timber merchant and Mayor of Derby, and his wife Deborah, daughter of Absalom Oakley. [1] He began to work in the office of his father's company, Messr Roe & Sons, timber merchants, at the age of fourteen and became a partner at the age of twenty-two. [2]

"The Late Lord Roe" by Ernest Townsend The Late Lord Roe (1832-1923) by Ernest Townsend died 1944.jpg
"The Late Lord Roe" by Ernest Townsend

Political career

At the age of 26 he became a member of the Derby Town Council and served as Mayor of Derby from 1864 to 1865. He was particularly interested in education, and was one of the original members of the Derby School Board in 1870 and later served as Chairman of the Education Committee of the town council. [2] He entered Parliament for Derby in an 1883 by-election, a seat he held until he was defeated at the 1895 general election. [1] [3] Roe was again Mayor of Derby from 1896 to 1897 and returned to the House of Commons at the 1900 general election, when he was once again elected for Derby. [1] [3] Mayor of Derby for a third time from 1910 to 1911 [1] [2] he retired from the House of Commons in 1916. [1] [3] He was knighted in 1894 [4] and in 1917 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Roe, of the Borough of Derby. [5]

Derby School former school in Derby, England

Derby School was a school in Derby in the English Midlands from 1160 to 1989. It had an almost continuous history of education of over eight centuries. For most of that time it was a grammar school for boys. The school became co-educational and comprehensive in 1972 and was closed in 1989. In 1994 a new independent school called Derby Grammar School for boys was founded.

Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.

1895 United Kingdom general election

The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs following John Dillon whilst a rump followed John Redmond.

Personal life

Lord Roe married, at the age of 71, Emily, daughter of Matthew Kirtley, in 1903. The marriage was childless and she died in July 1909. Roe survived her by fourteen years and died in June 1923, aged 90, when the barony became extinct. [1]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Thomas Roe, 1st and last Baron Roe
  2. 1 2 3 Article on Lord Roe at
  3. 1 2 3 Dagenham to Deritend
  4. "No. 26536". The London Gazette . 27 July 1894. p. 4299.
  5. "No. 29924". The London Gazette . 30 January 1917. p. 1053.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Thomas Bass
Sir William Harcourt
Member of Parliament for Derby
With: Sir William Harcourt
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Bemrose
Geoffrey Drage
Preceded by
Sir Henry Howe Bemrose
Geoffrey Drage
Member of Parliament for Derby
With: Richard Bell 1900–1910
J. H. Thomas 1910–1916
Succeeded by
J. H. Thomas
William Collins
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Roe
Title extinct